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Antisthenes
Antisthenes Pio-Clementino Inv288.jpg
Portrait bust of Antisthenes, found at the Villa of Cassius at Tivoli, 1774 (Museo Pio-Clementino)
Born c. 446 BC
Died c. 366 BC (aged approximately 80)
Athens
Era Ancient Greek philosophy
Region Western philosophy
School Cynicism
Main interests
Asceticism, ethics, language, literature, logic
Notable ideas
Laying the foundations of Cynic philosophy
Distinction between sense and reference

Antisthenes ( Greek: Ἀντισθένης; c. 446 – c. 366 BC) was a Greek philosopher and a pupil of Socrates. Antisthenes first learned rhetoric under Gorgias before becoming an ardent disciple of Socrates. He adopted and developed the ethical side of Socrates' teachings, advocating an ascetic life lived in accordance with virtue. Later writers regarded him as the founder of Cynic philosophy.

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