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Baoruco Province facts for kids

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Escudo de la Provincia Bahoruco.png
Country  Dominican Republic
Development region Enriquillo (VI)
Capital Neiba
 - elevation 22 m (72 ft)
 - coordinates 18°29′24″N 71°25′12″W / 18.49000°N 71.42000°W / 18.49000; -71.42000
Area 1,284.9 km² (496 sq mi)
Population 111,269 (2014)
Density 87 /km² (225 /sq mi)
Province since 1943
Subdivisions 5 municipalities
9 municipal districts
Congresspersons 1 Senator
2 Deputies
Timezone EST (UTC-4)
Area code 1-809 1-829 1-849
ISO 3166-2 DO-03

Baoruco, also written Bahoruco (but the "h" is not pronounced), is a Dominican province, in the western part of the country, in the Hoya de Enriquillo valley. Its capital city is Neiba (or Neyba).

It was created on 1943. It was part of the Barahona province before being elevated to the category of province. It was called Baoruco because the northern side of the Sierra de Bahoruco was part of the province; with the creation of the Independecia province, that part went to the new province but the name was not changed.


Baoruco is bordered to the north by the San Juan province, to the east by the Azua and Barahona provinces, and to the south and west by the Independencia province.


When the Baoruco province was created in 1943, it was formed with the municipalities Neiba, Duvergé, La Descubierta and Tamayo. With the creation of the Independencia province in 1948, Duvergé and La Descubierta became municipalities of the new province. Villa Jaragua became a municipality of the province in 1974, Galván in 1997 and Los Ríos in 2001.

The municipal districts of the province were created in:

  • 1978 : Uvilla
  • 2001 : El Palmar
  • 2004 : Santana, Montserrat and Las Clavellinas
  • 2005 : Cabeza de Toro
  • 2006 : El Salado, Mena and Santa Bárbara-El 6


In 2014 (last national census), there were 111,269 people living in the Baoruco province, and 69,360 (62.3%) living in towns and cities. The population density was 86.6 persons/km².

Its population represents 1.2% of the total population of the country and the province is ranked as the 23th (out of 31 plus the National District) more populated province.

As of 2016, the total estimated propulation of the province is 99,607 inhabitants.

The largest city of the province is Neiba, its head municipality or capital, with a population (in 2010) of 27,105 inhabitants.


The Baoruco province has a total area of 1,284.9 km2 (496.1 sq mi). It has 2.6% of the area of the Dominican Republic and it is ranked as the 17th (out of 31 plus the National District) largest province.

The altitude of Neiba, provincial capital, is 13 m (43 ft).

The Baoruco province is in the Hoya de Enriquillo valley, a very dry valley with some parts below sea level; its capital, Neiba, has an elevation of only 10 m above sea level. In this valley is the Lake Enriquillo, and the northeastern part of the lake, about of third of its surface, belongs to the Baoruco province, including its small islands of Barbarita and Islita.

The Sierra de Neiba runs across the northern part of the province, on the border with the San Juan province.

The most important river in the province is the Yaque del Sur river, one of the longest in the country; it forms the eastern limit of the province and its water is used for irrigation. Other rivers are Las Marías and Panzo.

The climate of the province is a tropical climate, very hot and dry in the valley, but it is cooler on the mountains. In the valley, cacti and other plants of dry regions are common. There are some rainforests in the mountains.

The only important road in the province goes through the southern part of the province, along the valley, and the most important towns of the province are along this road.


There are five municipalities and nine municipal districts (M.D.) in the province. The municipalities and its municipal districts (M.D.) are:

Municipalities of the Baoruco province
Municipality (code) Municipal Districts (code) Population
Density Altitude
Neiba (030101) 27,105 203.8 133.0 22
El Palmar (030102) 9,406 78.5 119.8 11
Neiba (030100) 36,511 282.3 129.3
Galván (030201) 13,217 156.0 84.7 54
El Salado (030202) 2,485 125.5 19.8 5
Galván (030200) 15,702 281.5 55.8
Tamayo (030301) 7,718 121.4 63.6 22
Uvilla (030302) 2,991 2.3 1,300.4 12
Santana (030303) 5,712 65.2 87.6 49
Monserrat (030304) 3,312 16.5 200.7 19
Cabeza de Toro (030305) 1,864 207.9 9.0 406
Mena (030306) 2,395 6.8 352.2 15
Santa Bárbara-El 6 (030307) 2,780 14.2 195.8 15
Tamayo (030300) 26,772 434.3 61.6
Villa Jaragua (030401) 10,619 137.2 285.5 3
Villa Jaragua (030400) 10,619 137.2 285.5
Los Ríos (030501) 5,771 101.0 57.1 35
Las Clavellinas (030502) 1,938 48.4 40.0 177
Los Ríos (030500) 7,709 149.5 51.6
Baoruco province (030000) 97,313 1,284.9 75.7


The main economic activity of the province is agriculture and the main products are plantains in Tamayo, grapes in Neiba and Los Ríos. On the Sierra de Neiba, coffee and beans are important products.

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See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Provincia de Bahoruco para niños

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