Bellis perennis facts for kids
Many related plants also share the name "daisy", so to distinguish this species from other daisies it is sometimes qualified as common daisy, lawn daisy or English daisy. The plant resembles Leucanthemum vulgare,a similar plant in the same family. Bellis perennis is native to western, central and northern Europe, but widely naturalised in most temperate regions including the Americas and Australasia.
Linnaeus named the plant species Bellis perennis in Sp. Pl. 2: 886. 1753
- Bellis is the Latin word for "pretty", "beautiful"; this word was used also as the name of the plant, and Pliny the Elder wrote Bellis in pratis nascitur, flore albo... ("The daisy that grows in the meadows, with a white flower...").
- perennis, Latin for "that lasts the whole year", "perennial".
For common names, see the article in Wikispecies on Bellis perennis.
The following names are synonyms given by the Plant List:
- Aster bellis E.H.L.Krause
- Bellis alpina Hegetschw.
- B. armena Boiss.
- B. croatica Gand.
- B. hortensis Mill.
- B. hybrida Ten.
- B. integrifolia DC.
- B. margaritifolia Huter
- B. minor Garsault [invalid name]
- B. perennis var. caulescens Rochebr.
- B. perennis f. discoidea D.C.McClint.
- B. perennis var. fagetorum Lacaita
- B. perennis var. hybrida (Ten.) Fiori
- B. perennis subsp. hybrida (Ten.) Nyman
- B. perennis var. margaritifolia (Huter) Fiori
- B. perennis var. microcephala Boiss.
- B. perennis f. plena Sacc.
- B. perennis f. pumila (Arv.-Touv. & Dupuy) Rouy
- B. perennis var. pusilla N.Terracc.
- B perennis f. rhodoglossa Sacc.
- B. perennis var. strobliana Bég.
- B. perennis var. subcaulescens Martrin-Donos
- B. perennis var. tubulosa F.J.Schultz
- B. perennis f. tubulosa A.Kern.
- B. pumila Arv.-Touv. & Dupuy
- B. pusilla (N.Terracc.) Pignatti
- B. scaposa Gilib. [Invalid]
- B. validula Gand.
- Erigeron perennis (L.) Sessé & Moc.
The flower heads are 2–3 cm (0.8–1.2 in) in diameter. Although the 'flower' may appear to consist of a yellow centre with white petals, this is not the case. Each individual "petal" is itself an individual flower; these flowers are called ray flowers. In the centre (the "disk") there are also many tiny yellow flowers; these are called the disk flowers. The different colours and styles of flower work together in order to attract insects. The flower heads are produced on stems without leaves that are 2–10 cm (0.8–3.9 in) tall.
Where it grows
Uses as food
This daisy may be used as a leaf vegetable. Young leaves can be eaten raw in salads or cooked, noting that the leaves become increasingly astringent with age. Flower buds and petals can be eaten raw in sandwiches, soups and salads. It is also used as a tea and as a vitamin supplement.
Bellis perennis in a meadow.
Images for kids
Daisies by William-Adolphe Bouguereau (1894)
Bellis perennis Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.