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Benbreen
Binn Braoin
Bengower & Benbreen from summit of Bencollaghduff.jpg
Beenbreen, Benbreen Central Top, and Benbreen North Top from the summit of Bencollaghduff. Bengower is the peak at left and back.
Highest point
Elevation 691 m (2,267 ft)
Prominence 186 m (610 ft)
Listing 100 Highest Irish Mountains, Marilyn, Hewitt, Arderin, Simm, Vandeleur-Lynam
Naming
English translation Braon's peak
Language of name Irish
Geography
Location Galway, Ireland
Parent range Twelve Bens
OSI/OSNI grid L7831151547
Topo map OSi Discovery 37
Geology
Type of rock Pale quartzites, grits, graphitic top bedrock

Benbreen (Irish: Binn Braoin, meaning Braon's Peak) at 691 metres (2,267 ft), is the 100th–highest peak in Ireland on the Arderin scale, and the 122nd–highest peak on the Vandeleur-Lynam scale. Benbreen lies in the southern end of the Twelve Bens mountain range in the Connemara National Park in Galway, Ireland. Benbreen is the 4th-tallest mountain of the Twelve Bens range, after Benbaun 729 metres (2,392 ft), Bencorr 711 metres (2,333 ft), and Bencollaghduff 696 metres (2,283 ft). Benbreen's profile is of a "high narrow rocky ridge with several summits", than a typical "peaked mountain".

Naming

Irish academic Paul Tempan notes that Irish: Braon can mean "drip" or "drop", but is more likely related to a personal name, and is the basis of the local surnames Irish: Ó Braoin and Irish: Mac Braoin, which have been anglicised as "Breen" and "McBreen".

Geography

The actual summit of Benbreen lies on the southern end of a long high rocky quartzite ridge that includes the subsidiary peaks of Benbreen Central Top 680 metres (2,230 ft), and Benbreen North Top 674 metres (2,211 ft); this gives Benbreen the profile of a "high narrow ridge", with Benbreen as the South Top, than a typical "peaked mountain". Benbreen Central Top's prominence of 25 metres (82 ft), and Benbreen North Top's prominence of 16 metres (52 ft), qualify them both as Vandeleur-Lynams on the Irish mountain classification system.

Benbreen lies between the summits of Bencollaghduff 696 metres (2,283 ft) to the north, and Bengower 664 metres (2,178 ft) to the south, and its southerly ridge down to the col with Bengower (known as Irish: Mám na Gaoithe, or "pass of the wind" at 470 metres), is noted for its large deposits of scree.

Benbreen's prominence of 186 metres (610 ft) qualifies it as a Marilyn, and it also ranks it as the 60th-highest mountain in Ireland on the MountainViews Online Database, 100 Highest Irish Mountains, where the minimum prominence threshold is 100 metres.

Recreation

Hill walking

Benbreen is most often climbed as part of the popular 16–kilometre 8–9 hour Glencoaghan Horseshoe, considered one of Ireland's best high-grade hill-walking routes. Benbreen is also climbed as part of the even longer Owenglin Horseshoe, a 20–kilometre 10–12 hour route around the Owenglin River taking in over twelve summits;

Rock climbing

Benbreen's northeastern cliffs have multi-pitch rock-climbs with grades from Diff (D) to Moderate Severe (MS), and length ranging from 40 to 130 metres. Some of the first ascents date from the mid 1980s, and noted routes include Blind Faith (S 3a, 4a, 3a, 80 m), and Stoned & Starving (S -, 4a, 75 m).

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