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Big Muddy Badlands
Castle butte-1001.jpg
Castle Butte
Map showing the location of Big Muddy Badlands
Map showing the location of Big Muddy Badlands
Location in North America
Location Southern Saskatchewan and northern Montana
Coordinates 49°13′03″N 105°13′09″W / 49.217569°N 105.219069°W / 49.217569; -105.219069
Part of Big Muddy Valley
Length 55km
Width 3.2km
Depth 160m
Formed by Big Muddy Creek
Geology Badlands
Age Last ice age

The Big Muddy Badlands are a series of badlands in southern Saskatchewan and northern Montana along Big Muddy Creek. They are found in the Big Muddy Valley, a cleft of erosion and sandstone along Big Muddy Creek. The valley is 55 kilometres (34 mi) long, 3.2 kilometres (2.0 mi) wide and 160 metres (520 ft) deep. The valley was formed when it was part of an ancient glacial meltwater channel that carried great quantities of water southeastward during the last ice age.

Castle Butte Panorama
Panorama of Castle Butte

In the nineteenth and early twentieth century the Badlands formed the northern end of the "Outlaw Trail", a series of trails and stopping areas utilized by outlaws in the American West spanning from Canada to Mexico. Outlaws such as Henry Borne and his brother Coyote Pete, Sam Kelly, the Pigeon Toed Kid, and the notorious Sundance Kid turned up in the area. Today ranching and tourism are important in the sparsely populated area.

19 kilometres (12 mi) south of Bengough on Highway 34 is Castle Butte, a 70-metre-high (230 ft) outcrop of sandstone and compressed clay which protrudes from the flat prairie.

Big Muddy NWMP Post
NWMP Post in the Big Muddy Badlands circa 1902
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