Buffalo, Wyoming facts for kids

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Buffalo, Wyoming
City
Occidental Hotel, Buffalo, Wyoming
Occidental Hotel, Buffalo, Wyoming
Location of Buffalo, Wyoming
Location of Buffalo, Wyoming
Country United States
State Wyoming
County

Johnson

PanoWiki
Buffalo, Wyoming at the base of the Bighorn Mountains.
Area
 • Total 4.46 sq mi (11.55 km2)
 • Land 4.46 sq mi (11.55 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 4,646 ft (1,416 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 4,585
 • Estimate (2012) 4,625
 • Density 1,028.0/sq mi (396.9/km2)
Time zone Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP codes 82834, 82840
Area code(s) 307
FIPS code 56-10685
GNIS feature ID 1586043

Buffalo is a city in Johnson County, Wyoming, United States. The population was 4,585 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Johnson County. In recent years, the town has boomed economically due to methane production from the coal bed methane extraction method used in the Powder River Basin and surrounding areas. Even though energy is a vital part of its economy, agriculture and tourism are two other major components. Buffalo is located at the foot of the Bighorn Mountains, so recreation is a short distance away. Many generational ranchers still run cattle and sheep over the highly productive terrain.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.46 square miles (11.55 km2), all of it land.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 1,087
1900 710 −34.7%
1910 1,368 92.7%
1920 1,772 29.5%
1930 1,749 −1.3%
1940 2,302 31.6%
1950 2,674 16.2%
1960 2,907 8.7%
1970 3,394 16.8%
1980 3,799 11.9%
1990 3,302 −13.1%
2000 3,900 18.1%
2010 4,585 17.6%
Est. 2015 4,632 1.0%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 4,585 people, 2,080 households, and 1,198 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,028.0 inhabitants per square mile (396.9/km2). There were 2,300 housing units at an average density of 515.7 per square mile (199.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.5% White, 0.3% African American, 1.6% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.8% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.5% of the population.

There were 2,080 households of which 26.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.4% were married couples living together, 8.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 42.4% were non-families. 37.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.17 and the average family size was 2.88.

The median age in the city was 42.2 years. 23% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.4% were from 25 to 44; 27.7% were from 45 to 64; and 19.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 50.1% male and 49.9% female.

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 3,900 people, 1,718 households, and 1,042 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,104.8 people per square mile (426.6/km²). There were 1,842 housing units at an average density of 521.8 per square mile (201.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.46% White, 0.10% African American, 0.82% Native American, 0.05% Asian, 0.54% from other races, and 2.03% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.82% of the population.

There were 1,718 households out of which 26.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.8% were married couples living together, 8.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.3% were non-families. 35.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the city, the population was spread out with 23.1% under the age of 18, 5.6% from 18 to 24, 22.6% from 25 to 44, 27.1% from 45 to 64, and 21.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 93.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $29,392, and the median income for a family was $40,683. Males had a median income of $28,716 versus $19,688 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,054. About 6.7% of families and 10.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.0% of those under age 18 and 12.4% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Buffalo is located near the northern terminus of Interstate 25, where it joins with Interstate 90.

Climate

Buffalo experiences a semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk) with cold, dry winters and hot, wetter summers.

Climate data for Buffalo
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 66
(18.9)
74
(23.3)
78
(25.6)
88
(31.1)
93
(33.9)
102
(38.9)
105
(40.6)
106
(41.1)
101
(38.3)
89
(31.7)
80
(26.7)
70
(21.1)
106
(41.1)
Average high °F (°C) 33.0
(0.56)
38.0
(3.33)
46.7
(8.17)
55.5
(13.06)
64.9
(18.28)
76.4
(24.67)
84.0
(28.89)
83.3
(28.5)
71.6
(22)
59.7
(15.39)
43.2
(6.22)
34.8
(1.56)
57.59
(14.218)
Average low °F (°C) 7.3
(-13.72)
13.0
(-10.56)
22.4
(-5.33)
32.0
(0)
41.0
(5)
50.3
(10.17)
56.2
(13.44)
54.6
(12.56)
43.4
(6.33)
32.3
(0.17)
18.9
(-7.28)
9.6
(-12.44)
31.75
(-0.139)
Record low °F (°C) −36
(-37.8)
−32
(-35.6)
−22
(-30)
5
(-15)
13
(-10.6)
27
(-2.8)
32
(0)
33
(0.6)
13
(-10.6)
−8
(-22.2)
−24
(-31.1)
−35
(-37.2)
−36
(-37.8)
Precipitation inches (mm) 0.45
(11.4)
0.39
(9.9)
0.73
(18.5)
1.60
(40.6)
2.44
(62)
2.13
(54.1)
1.48
(37.6)
0.89
(22.6)
1.37
(34.8)
1.04
(26.4)
0.49
(12.4)
0.48
(12.2)
13.49
(342.6)
Source #1: NOAA (normals, 1971–2000)
Source #2: The Weather Channel (Records)

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