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Canby, Oregon
Shops in downtown Canby
Shops in downtown Canby
Official seal of Canby
Oregon's Garden Spot
Home of the Good Earth
Location in Oregon
Location in Oregon
Country United States
State Oregon
County Clackamas
Incorporated 1893
 • Total 4.57 sq mi (11.84 km2)
 • Land 4.54 sq mi (11.75 km2)
 • Water 0.04 sq mi (0.09 km2)
153 ft (46.63 m)
 • Total 15,829
 • Estimate 
 • Density 3,953.26/sq mi (1,526.40/km2)
Time zone UTC−8 (Pacific)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−7 (Pacific)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 503 971
FIPS code 41-10750
GNIS feature ID 1118554
Website City of Canby

Canby is a city in Clackamas County, Oregon, United States. The population was 15,829 at the 2010 census. It is along Oregon Route 99E, 2 miles (3 km) northeast of Barlow.


Canby is named for Edward Richard Sprigg Canby, a Civil War general who was later killed in the Modoc War by Captain Jack and his group of warriors.

The area was known as Baker Prairie when the community was founded in 1857. Canby was platted in 1870. Canby was incorporated by the Oregon Legislative Assembly on February 15, 1893.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.79 square miles (9.82 km2), of which, 3.75 square miles (9.71 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) is water.

Entering Canby from the north brings visitors past the Willamette River, and from the south through the historic community of Aurora. The Molalla River passes by the southern and western border of the city.


This region experiences warm (but not hot) and dry summers, with no average monthly temperatures above 71.6 °F (22.0 °C). According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Canby has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csb" on climate maps.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 29
1900 378
1910 587 55.3%
1920 852 45.1%
1930 744 −12.7%
1940 988 32.8%
1950 1,671 69.1%
1960 2,168 29.7%
1970 3,813 75.9%
1980 7,659 100.9%
1990 8,983 17.3%
2000 12,790 42.4%
2010 15,829 23.8%
2019 (est.) 17,932 13.3%

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 15,829 people, 5,647 households, and 4,129 families living in the city. The population density was 4,221.1 inhabitants per square mile (1,629.8/km2). There were 5,890 housing units at an average density of 1,570.7 per square mile (606.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 81.0% White, 0.6% African American, 1.2% Native American, 1.1% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 13.1% from other races, and 2.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 21.3% of the population.

There were 5,647 households, of which 39.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.4% were married couples living together, 11.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 26.9% were non-families. 22.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.79 and the average family size was 3.27.

The median age in the city was 36.3 years. 28.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.5% were from 25 to 44; 24% were from 45 to 64; and 14.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.0% male and 52.0% female.

Arts and culture

The city's library is part of the Library Information Network of Clackamas County.

Annual cultural events

Canby is the home of the Clackamas County Fairgrounds, where the annual Clackamas County Fair and Rodeo has been held since 1907. The fairgrounds, located north of Oregon Route 99E, are used in August for the fair and year-round for other events.

Museums and other points of interest

Canby is home to the Canby Depot Museum and Hart's Reptile World.


Mount Hood, as seen from the Molalla Forest Road in Canby, between Southeast 13th St. and Southeast Township Road


The Union Pacific (formerly a Southern Pacific mainline) freight and passenger (via Amtrak) line runs through the center of downtown Canby although Amtrak passenger trains no longer stop here. The Amtrak Cascades stops in nearby Oregon City. The Oregon Pacific Railroad branchline to Molalla interchanges with the Union Pacific mainline at Canby.

Mass transit

Since 2002, the city has operated its own bus system, Canby Area Transit (CAT). CAT buses do not run on weekends or major holidays. The service connects with the Portland area's TriMet at the Oregon City Transit Center and with the Salem-Keizer Transit (Cherriots) bus system in Woodburn. Canby is also served by one route of South Metro Area Regional Transit (SMART), the bus division of the City of Wilsonville. Prior to 2002, Canby was included within the TriMet district, and that agency was the sole provider of transit service in Canby. In late 2001, TriMet approved a request by Canby to withdraw from the TriMet district and initiate its own transit service.


Oregon Route 99E, a north–south highway, runs generally east–west within the city, paralleling the Union Pacific mainline. The Union Pacific mainline and Ivy St. form a cross that divides the city into four quadrants: NW, NE, SE and SW.

The east–west streets are generally numbered avenues, with Oregon Route 99E being SE and SW 1st Avenue. North–south streets are named streets. Many of their names are types of trees, and they run in alphabetical order from west to east, starting at the Molalla River. Within the city limits, addresses always include a quadrant designation, except for Ivy St, which only includes N or S.

Unincorporated islands within the city limits are included in the addressing system, as are some adjacent areas, but most unincorporated areas around the city but still in Clackamas County conform to the Portland addressing scheme, while areas in Marion County conform to the Salem addressing scheme.


The historic Canby Ferry provides year-round transportation across the Willamette River (river conditions permitting) between Canby and Wilsonville.


Canby is close to the Aurora State Airport and the Portland-Mulino Airport, both of which are served by general aviation only.

Pedestrian and bicycle

Canby features a paved road which is closed to automobile traffic, the Molalla Forest Road. This road was formerly a private road used by logging trucks, but is now used primarily by bicyclists and pedestrians.

Sister city

  • Japan Kurisawa, Hokkaidō, Japan (from 1987 to present)


Canby students are served by the Canby School District, which includes Canby High School.

Notable people

  • Jay Baller, baseball player
  • Howard C. Belton, Oregon State Treasurer
  • Ed Coleman, baseball player
  • Ralph Coleman, baseball coach
  • Tom Gorman, baseball pitcher
  • Joni Harms, country musician
  • Bill Morgan, football player
  • Alan Olsen, Oregon State Senator
  • Ralph Patt (1929–2010), the jazz-guitarist who introduced major-thirds tuning, Griewank (2010) and also a geologist who consulted on groundwater contamination at the Hanford Site.
  • Kurt Schrader, U.S. Representative from Oregon
  • Martha Schrader, Oregon State Senator
  • Aaron E. Waite, Oregon Supreme Court justice

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