Carl Woese facts for kids
Carl Woese in February 2004
July 15, 1928|
Syracuse, New York, U.S.
|Died||December 30, 2012
Urbana, Illinois, U.S.
|Institutions||University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign|
|Alma mater||Amherst College
|Notable awards||Leeuwenhoek Medal (1992)
Selman A. Waksman Award (1995)
National Medal of Science (2000)
Crafoord Prize (2003)
Work and discoveries
After defining Archaea as a new domain, Woese redrew the taxonomic tree. His three-domain system is based upon genetic relationships. It divides life into 23 main divisions in three domains: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya. Archaea are neither bacteria nor eukaryotes. Looked at another way, they are prokaryotes that are not bacteria.
The tree of life shows the diversity of microbes. Single-celled organisms represent the vast majority of the biosphere's diversity. This is surprising to some, given our familiarity with the larger metazoan world. Microbes are responsible for many biochemical cycles and are crucial to the whole biosphere. Woese's efforts to clarify the evolution and diversity of microbes was an invaluable service to ecology, conservation and evolutionary biology.
Woese was born on July 15, 1928 in Syracuse, New York. He studied at Amherst College and at Yale University. Woese died on December 30, 2012 in his home in Urbana, Illinois from pancreatic cancer, aged 84.
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Carl Woese Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.