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Cawcot
Nottaway map.png
Watershed of Nottaway River
Country Canada
Province Quebec
Region Nord-du-Québec
Physical characteristics
Main source Confluence of two forested lakes
Eeyou Istchee James Bay (municipality), Nord-du-Québec, Quebec
450 m (1,480 ft)
River mouth Gabriel Lake (Opawica River tributary)
Eeyou Istchee James Bay (municipality), Nord-du-Québec, Quebec
392 m (1,286 ft)
Length 44.2 km (27.5 mi)
Basin features
Tributaries
  • Left:
    (upstreams)
    • Outlet of lake Monaco
    • outlet of Lake Némégousse
    • outlet of Lakes Chaignot and Roy.

The Cawcot River is a tributary of Gabriel Lake, flowing into the municipality of Baie-James, Jamésie, in the administrative region of Nord-du-Québec, Quebec, Canada.

This river crosses successively the cantons of Chambalon, Beaucours, Crisafy. Forestry is the main economic activity of the sector; recreational tourism activities, second. A logging camp has been established on the west bank of Lake Ventadour near the forest road.

The south of the Cawcot River Valley is served by route 212 which connects Obedjiwan to La Tuque and passes south of Lake Dubois. From there, the forest road R1032 (North-South direction) passes over the strip of land between the Queue de Castor River and the Ventadour River.

The surface of the Cawcot River is usually frozen from early November to mid-May, however, safe ice movement is generally from mid-November to mid-April.

Geography

The adjacent hydrographic slopes of the Cawcot River are:

The Cawcot River originates at the confluence of two forest streams (elevation: 450 metres (1,480 ft)) in the township of Chambalon, in Eeyou Istchee James Bay (municipality). This source is located at 27.2 kilometres (16.9 mi) west of the Eeyou Istchee James Bay (municipality) and Le Domaine-du-Roy Regional County Municipality (RCM).

This source is located at:

From the confluence of two forest streams, the Cawcot River flows over 44.2 kilometres (27.5 mi) according to the following segments:

  • 4.2 kilometres (2.6 mi) southwesterly, then north, to the southwestern shore of Cawcot Lake;
  • 3.8 kilometres (2.4 mi) northeasterly across Cawcot Lake (elevation: 443 metres (1,453 ft)) to its full length, passing to the northeast of a mountain whose peak reached 582 metres (1,909 ft);
  • 14.0 kilometres (8.7 mi) northeasterly to the limit of the township of Beaucours;
  • 8.4 kilometres (5.2 mi) northeasterly in the township of Beaucours, to the limit of the township of Crisafy;
  • 12.1 kilometres (7.5 mi) north-east in Crisafy Township, to R1032 Forest Road (North-South direction);
  • 5.5 kilometres (3.4 mi) northeasterly in a marsh zone to its mouth.

The Cawcot River flows to the west shore of Gabriel Lake (Opawica River tributary); thence the current crosses this lake towards North on 5.6 kilometres (3.5 mi). The latter, in turn, generally goes northwest, then west, then north, to its confluence with the Chibougamau River; this confluence is the source of the Waswanipi River. The course of the latter flows west and crosses successively the northern part of the Lake Waswanipi, Goéland Lake and Olga Lake, before entering the Matagami Lake which in turn flows into the Nottaway River, a tributary of Rupert Bay (James Bay).

The confluence of the Cawcot River with Gabriel Lake (Opawica River tributary) is located at:

  • 4.6 kilometres (2.9 mi) south-east of the mouth of Gabriel Lake 116.9 kilometres (72.6 mi) southeast of the mouth of the Opawica River (confluence with the Chibougamau River);
  • 68.4 kilometres (42.5 mi) south of downtown Chibougamau;
  • 60 kilometres (37 mi) south-east of the village center of Chapais, Quebec;
  • 53.8 kilometres (33.4 mi) north of a bay on the north shore of Gouin Reservoir.

Toponymy

At various times in history, this territory has been occupied by the Attikameks, the Algonquins and the Crees. The term "Cawcot" is a first name of English origin.

The toponym "Cawcot River" was formalized on December 5, 1968, at the Commission de toponymie du Québec, when it was created.

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