Central Falls, Rhode Island facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
City of Central Falls
City
Skyline of City of Central Falls
Motto: "A City With A Bright Future"
Location in Providence County and the state of Rhode Island.
Location in Providence County and the state of Rhode Island.
Country United States
State Rhode Island
County Providence
Incorporated (town) 1730
Incorporated (city) 1895
Area
 • Total 1.29 sq mi (3.34 km2)
 • Land 1.2 sq mi (3.1 km2)
 • Water 0.1 sq mi (0.2 km2)
Elevation 89 ft (27 m)
Population (2014)
 • Total 19,328
 • Density 16,106.7/sq mi (6,218.8/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 02863
Area code(s) 401
FIPS code 44-14140
GNIS feature ID 1218931
Website http://www.centralfallsri.us/

Central Falls is a city in Providence County, Rhode Island, United States. The population was 19,376 at the 2010 census. With an area of only 1.29 square miles (3.3 km2), it is the smallest and most densely populated city in the smallest state, and the 27th most densely populated incorporated place in the United States. It is also one of only four incorporated places in New England that have a higher population density than the city of Boston (ranking fourth, behind the Massachusetts cities of Somerville, Chelsea and Cambridge, all inner suburbs of Boston). The city takes its name from a waterfall on the Blackstone River.

In May 2010, Central Falls went into receivership, then filed for bankruptcy August 1, 2011.

History

Prior to the arrival of Europeans the area was home to Nipmuc, Wampanoag and Narragansett peoples.

Post Office and Fire Station, Central Falls, RI
Broad Street c. 1908
U.S. Cotton Co., Central Falls, RI
U.S. Cotton Co. c. 1910

Central Falls has historic significance as being the site of a major battle during King Philip's War. It was here on March 26, 1676 that Narragansett Indians ambushed Captain Michael Pierce and his Plymouth Colony troops who (with 20 Wampanoag Christian Indians) were pursuing them. Nearly all those ambushed were killed including nine taken prisoner and later tortured to death at nearby Cumberland, Rhode Island. A stone memorial marks the mass grave at the site known as "Nine Men's Misery".

In the 18th century, Captain Stephen Jenks built a trip hammer and blacksmith shop along the Blackstone River, forming the nucleus of what would eventually become Central Falls. Other manufacturers, including a chocolate maker, set up shop in the building and the new village became known as Chocolateville.

In 1824, Stephen Jenks suggested the name Central Falls, thus giving the village its permanent name.

Originally, Central Falls was one of the many villages within the town of Smithfield, but in 1871, having experienced a growth spurt, it split into three smaller towns: Smithfield, North Smithfield and Lincoln. Central Falls then became part of the town of Lincoln. Lincoln experienced its own growth spurt, so in 1895 Lincoln split into two towns, giving birth to the city of Central Falls.

While Quakers made up the majority of the first European settlers in the area, they were soon followed by a diverse mix of immigrants from Ireland, Scotland and French Canada. By the 20th century, Central Falls had experienced its own population explosion and for a while was the most densely populated city in the United States. In recent decades, a large number of Hispanic immigrants have found a home in Central Falls. Central Falls has always been an extremely diverse city, so much so that when the city celebrated its 100th anniversary with a parade in 1995, more than 100 countries were represented.

Geography

Central Falls is located at 41°53′24″N 71°23′33″W / 41.89°N 71.3925°W / 41.89; -71.3925 (41.889863, -71.392606).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.3 square miles (3.4 km2), of which, 1.2 square miles (3.1 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) of it (6.20%) is water. It is drained by the Blackstone River.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 18,167
1910 22,754 25.2%
1920 24,174 6.2%
1930 25,808 6.8%
1940 25,248 −2.2%
1950 23,550 −6.7%
1960 19,858 −15.7%
1970 18,716 −5.8%
1980 16,995 −9.2%
1990 17,637 3.8%
2000 18,928 7.3%
2010 19,376 2.4%
Est. 2015 19,303 −0.4%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 18,928 people, 6,696 households, and 4,359 families residing in the city. The population density was 15,652.0 people per square mile (6,039.8/km²). There were 7,270 housing units at an average density of 6,011.7 per square mile (2,319.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 57.16% White, 5.82% African American, 0.57% Native American, 0.68% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 28.35% from other races, and 7.38% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 47.77% of the population.

There were 6,696 households out of which 38.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.4% were married couples living together, 21.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.9% were non-families. 29.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.38.

In the city, the population was spread out with 29.2% under the age of 18, 11.8% from 18 to 24, 31.6% from 25 to 44, 15.8% from 45 to 64, and 11.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 98.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $22,628, and the median income for a family was $26,844. Males had a median income of $23,854 versus $18,544 for females. The per capita income for the city was $10,825. About 25.9% of families and 29.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 40.8% of those under age 18 and 29.3% of those age 65 or over.

National historic places in Central Falls

  • Central Falls Congregational Church
  • Central Falls Mill Historic District
  • Central Street School
  • Samuel B. Conant House
  • David G. Fales House
  • Benjamin F. Greene House
  • Holy Trinity Church
  • Jenks Park & Cogswell Tower
  • South Central Falls Historic District
  • St. Joseph Church
  • St. Matthew Church (now Holy Spirit Parish)
  • Valley Falls Mill
  • Valley Falls Mill, Office and Bath House

Images for kids


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