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Clonavalla
Ceann an Bhealaigh
Wicklow Mountains National Park Glendalough Valley Upper Lake 07.JPG
Massif of Conavalla (centre) as seen from the shores of the Glendalough Upper Lake
Highest point
Elevation 734 m (2,408 ft)
Prominence 109 m (358 ft)
Listing 100 Highest Irish Mountains, Hewitt, Arderin, Simm, Vandeleur-Lynam
Naming
English translation head of the road or pass
Language of name Irish
Geography
Location Wicklow, Ireland
Parent range Wicklow Mountains
OSI/OSNI grid T023959
Topo map OSi Discovery 56
Geology
Mountain type Dark slate-schist, quartzite & coticule

Conavalla (Irish: Ceann an Bhealaigh, meaning head of the road or pass) at 734 metres (2,408 ft), is the 69th–highest peak in Ireland on the Arderin scale, and the 85th–highest peak on the Vandeleur-Lynam scale. The summit of Conavalla sits just off the main "central spine" of the Wicklow mountains range in Ireland, as it runs from Kippure in the north, to Lugnaquillia in the south. Conavalla's large massif to the north-east is described as a "wet and boggy barren plain" whose various shoulders dominate the head of the Glendalough valley, and the upper east-side of the Glenmalure valley.

Naming

Irish academic Paul Tempan notes that the "pass" element of Conavalla's name likely refers to the various routes from the Blessington lakes area (e.g. the R756 road to the Wicklow Gap) in the west that crossed parts of Conavalla's boggy massif to get into the Glenmalure valley in the east (note that the Wicklow Gap can be used to access the neighboring Glendalough valley without having to cross Conavalla's massif). (see Conavalla § Notes below).

Geography

Convalla is situated in the southern section of the Wicklow Mountains range, and forms a horseshoe on a "boggy" massif, at the head of the Glenmalure valley, with its neighbours, Table Mountain 702 metres (2,303 ft), and Camenabologue 758 metres (2,487 ft).

Conavalla also sits in another broad horseshoe around the Glendalough valley, with the hydroelectric station at Turlough Hill 681 metres (2,234 ft), and the mountains of Camaderry 699 metres (2,293 ft), Lugduff 652 metres (2,139 ft), and Mullacor 661 metres (2,169 ft). Conavalla's large "boggy massif" dominates the head of the Glendalough valley stretching from its summit at the far-west side of the head of the valley, to Lough Firrib 650 metres (2,130 ft) on the east-side. The massif also includes Three Lakes 620 metres (2,030 ft) to the north of the summit of Conavalla.

Conavalla's prominence of 109 metres (358 ft) does not qualify it as a Marilyn, but it does rank it as the 39th-highest mountain in Ireland on the MountainViews Online Database, 100 Highest Irish Mountains, where the minimum prominence threshold is 100 metres.

Art O'Neill

On Conavalla's northern slopes lies Art's Cross and Art's Plaque, dedicated to Art O'Neill, the brother of Hugh O'Neill, Earl of Tyrone, who died of exposure in January 1592 helping Hugh Roe O'Donnell to escape from Dublin Castle to the stronghold of Fiach McHugh O'Byrne in the valley of Glenmalure.

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