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Cove, Oregon
Cove Library
Cove Library
Location in Oregon
Location in Oregon
Country United States
State Oregon
County Union
Incorporated 1904
Area
 • Total 0.77 sq mi (1.99 km2)
 • Land 0.77 sq mi (1.99 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation
2,870 ft (870 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 552
 • Estimate 
(2012)
100
 • Density 716.9/sq mi (276.8/km2)
Time zone UTC-8 (Pacific)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-7 (Pacific)
ZIP code
97824
Area code(s) 541
FIPS code 41-16250
GNIS feature ID 1136181

Cove is a city in Union County, Oregon, United States. The population was 552 at the 2010 census.

History

Euro-Americans first settled here in 1862, and in 1863 they established a post office named Forest Cove. Samuel G. French was the first postmaster. To avoid confusion between Forest Cove and another Oregon community, Forest Grove in Washington County, post office authorities changed the name to Cove in 1868. Cove was platted in the 1870s along Ruckles Road, only the second road over the Blue Mountains. This area was well known to the Cayuse and Nez Perce Tribes who referred to it as Wiweeletitpe(wee-walla-tit-puh), meaning "Many creeks flowing at that place".

Geography

Cove lies east of La Grande and north of Union along the eastern edge of the Grande Ronde Valley of northeastern Oregon. Mill Creek, a tributary of the Grande Ronde River, flows west from the Wallowa Mountains through Cove. Mount Fanny rises to about 7,200 feet (2,200 m) about 3 miles (5 km) east of the city.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.77 square miles (1.99 km2), all of it land. Oregon Route 237 passes through Cove.

Climate

This region experiences warm (but not hot) and dry summers, with no average monthly temperatures above 71.6 °F (22.0 °C). According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Cove has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csb" on climate maps.

The average total annual precipitation in Cove is about 22 inches (560 mm). July has the highest average maximum temperature, about 83 °F (28 °C), while January has the lowest average minimum, 21 °F (−6 °C)

Climate data for Cove
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 64
(17.8)
67
(19.4)
76
(24.4)
84
(28.9)
94
(34.4)
99
(37.2)
103
(39.4)
107
(41.7)
100
(37.8)
88
(31.1)
75
(23.9)
67
(19.4)
107
(41.7)
Average high °F (°C) 37.4
(3)
42.6
(5.89)
49.5
(9.72)
57.9
(14.39)
66.3
(19.06)
73.4
(23)
84.2
(29)
83.5
(28.61)
74.1
(23.39)
61.9
(16.61)
47.7
(8.72)
39.2
(4)
59.8
(15.44)
Average low °F (°C) 22.2
(-5.44)
25.6
(-3.56)
29.4
(-1.44)
33.8
(1)
39.5
(4.17)
44.8
(7.11)
49.7
(9.83)
48.4
(9.11)
41.8
(5.44)
35.5
(1.94)
29.8
(-1.22)
24.2
(-4.33)
35.4
(1.89)
Record low °F (°C) -28
(-33.3)
-22
(-30)
-14
(-25.6)
10
(-12.2)
21
(-6.1)
27
(-2.8)
32
(0)
30
(-1.1)
18
(-7.8)
7
(-13.9)
-15
(-26.1)
-24
(-31.1)
-28
(-33.3)
Precipitation inches (mm) 2.24
(56.9)
1.74
(44.2)
2.1
(53)
2.3
(58)
2.56
(65)
2.21
(56.1)
0.57
(14.5)
0.79
(20.1)
1.28
(32.5)
1.86
(47.2)
2.55
(64.8)
2.31
(58.7)
22.53
(572.3)
Snowfall inches (cm) 11.3
(28.7)
7.2
(18.3)
6.4
(16.3)
2.8
(7.1)
0.1
(0.3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.1
(0.3)
0.3
(0.8)
2.9
(7.4)
8.5
(21.6)
39.6
(100.6)
Avg. precipitation days 13 11 12 11 10 9 3 4 5 8 12 13 111

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 223
1910 433
1920 399 −7.9%
1930 307 −23.1%
1940 321 4.6%
1950 282 −12.1%
1960 311 10.3%
1970 363 16.7%
1980 451 24.2%
1990 507 12.4%
2000 594 17.2%
2010 552 −7.1%
Est. 2015 554 0.4%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 552 people, 240 households, and 161 families residing in the city. The population density was 716.9 inhabitants per square mile (276.8/km2). There were 257 housing units at an average density of 333.8 per square mile (128.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 91.1% White, 0.7% Native American, 1.6% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 1.6% from other races, and 4.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.6% of the population.

There were 240 households of which 28.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.7% were married couples living together, 7.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 32.9% were non-families. 30.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.75.

The median age in the city was 50 years. 22.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 3.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 17.6% were from 25 to 44; 33.7% were from 45 to 64; and 23.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.9% male and 51.1% female.

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 594 people, 231 households, and 176 families residing in the city. The population density was 732.9 people per square mile (283.1/km²). There were 247 housing units at an average density of 304.8 per square mile (117.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 95.45% White, 0.17% African American, 1.35% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.34% Pacific Islander, 1.85% from other races, and 0.67% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.19% of the population.

There were 231 households out of which 31.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.8% were married couples living together, 8.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.4% were non-families. 21.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the city, the population was spread out with 26.1% under the age of 18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 23.1% from 25 to 44, 27.6% from 45 to 64, and 17.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 89.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $38,542, and the median income for a family was $42,344. Males had a median income of $31,793 versus $24,063 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,872. About 11.1% of families and 12.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.3% of those under age 18 and 8.0% of those age 65 or over.

Parks and recreation

Cove Hot Springs Pool is a natural warm-water swimming pool.

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