kids encyclopedia robot

Daleville, Alabama facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Daleville, Alabama
City
Daleville City Hall
Daleville City Hall
Nickname(s): 
Gateway to Fort Rucker
Location in Dale County and the state of Alabama
Location in Dale County and the state of Alabama
Country United States
State Alabama
County Dale
Area
 • Total 14.1 sq mi (36.5 km2)
 • Land 14.1 sq mi (36.5 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation
331 ft (101 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 5,295
 • Density 376/sq mi (145.1/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
36322
Area code(s) 334
FIPS code 01-19360
GNIS feature ID 0117016

Daleville is a city in Dale County, Alabama, United States. At the 2010 census the population was 5,295, up from 4,653 in 2000. It is part of the Ozark Micropolitan Statistical Area. The city's nickname is "Gateway to Fort Rucker", as this U.S. Army post is located just north of town. Cairns Army Airfield is located to the south of Daleville on the road to nearby Clayhatchee.

History

Daleville, originally known as "Dale's Court House", was founded in 1827 by veterans of the Creek Indian War who had settled in Dale County following that conflict. It was established as the original county seat of Dale County in 1827 but lost that honor when Coffee County split from Dale in 1841, at which time the seat was moved first to Newton, and then later to Ozark in 1870, where it remains today.

The name of Daleville was adopted in 1848. Daleville voted to incorporate in 1912, but rescinded it in 1916. It later voted for incorporation in 1958.

Residents of the town formed portions of two regiments of the Confederate States Army during the U.S. Civil War: the 15th Alabama Infantry, famed for charging the 20th Maine on Little Round Top during the Battle of Gettysburg, and the 33rd Alabama Infantry. In the latter regiment, Company "G", called the "Daleville Blues", was recruited entirely from Daleville. Several men from this company were killed in a freak train derailment on 4 November 1862 near Cleveland, Tennessee; the remainder would fight with the rest of the 33rd in the Confederate Army of Tennessee until the final surrender in 1865.

Long a tiny farming community, Daleville saw significant expansion during the mid-to-late twentieth century with the establishment and enlargement of Fort Rucker, the U.S. Army's primary aviation training post. Douglas Brown, a former mayor of Ozark, teamed up with two Georgia businessmen, L.C. Hall and Bob Culpepper, to develop the city. Securing a 1.5 million dollar loan, the trio purchased 400 acres (1.6 km2) of land in Daleville, constructed a lagoon sewer system and began to build the town house by house, shopping center by shopping center. Numerous military personnel then made their homes in the community, and many elected to stay after their retirement or otherwise completing their service obligation. This large military presence gives the town a more cosmopolitan populace than other area towns farther away from the base.

Daleville was the victim of an F1 tornado on 24 November 2001, part of the Arkansas-Mississippi-Alabama tornado outbreak that occurred on 23 and 24 November of that year. Two restaurants and two industrial buildings were destroyed; a local lounge suffered severe damage as well. Also damaged were maintenance buildings, one aircraft, 25 businesses, a church, gas station, two supermarkets, a bank and several homes. 25 people inside the lounge were injured, but no fatalities were reported.

Geography

Daleville is located in southwestern Dale County at 31°18′9″N 85°42′40″W / 31.30250°N 85.71111°W / 31.30250; -85.71111 (31.302496, -85.711083). U.S. Highway 84 passes through the southern part of the city, leading east 21 miles (34 km) to Dothan and west 10 miles (16 km) to Enterprise. Daleville is the northern terminus of Alabama State Route 85, which runs south from the city 23 miles (37 km) to Geneva. This route intersects with US 84 on the south side of town. Alabama State Route 134 runs east from Daleville 7 miles (11 km) toward Newton; westbound 134 joins U.S. 84 to continue on to Enterprise.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Daleville has a total area of 14.1 square miles (36.5 km2), all land. The Choctawhatchee River flows a few miles east of the city.

Demographics

Daleville Avenue 01
Daleville Avenue, Daleville's main thoroughfare
Historical population
Census Pop.
1960 693
1970 5,182 647.8%
1980 4,250 −18.0%
1990 5,117 20.4%
2000 4,653 −9.1%
2010 5,295 13.8%
Est. 2015 5,141 −2.9%
U.S. Decennial Census
2013 Estimate

As of the census of 2000, there were 4,653 people, 1,980 households, and 1,245 families residing in the city. The population density was 344.5 people per square mile (133.0/km2). There were 2,541 housing units at an average density of 188.1 per square mile (72.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 64.20% White, 25.36% Black or African American, 0.75% Native American, 3.65% Asian, 0.21% Pacific Islander, 2.19% from other races, and 3.63% from two or more races. 3.93% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 1,980 households out of which 31.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.2% were married couples living together, 14.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.1% were non-families. 31.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the city, the population was spread out with 26.3% under the age of 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 30.2% from 25 to 44, 23.4% from 45 to 64, and 9.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 97.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $34,473, and the median income for a family was $40,994. Males had a median income of $30,997 versus $21,162 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,761. About 11.5% of families and 13.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.6% of those under age 18 and 14.3% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 5,295 people, 2,384 households, and 1,353 families residing in the city. The population density was 344.7 people per square mile (133/km2). There were 2,795 housing units at an average density of 207.0 per square mile (79.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 66.2% White, 22.6% Black or African American, 1.1% Native American, 2.7% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 2.9% from other races, and 4.3% from two or more races. 10.1% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,384 households out of which 25.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.0% were married couples living together, 15.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 43.2% were non-families. 37.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the city, the population was spread out with 23.9% under the age of 18, 9.6% from 18 to 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 26.5% from 45 to 64, and 11.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35.0 years. For every 100 females there were 103.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 110.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $47,536, and the median income for a family was $48,824. Males had a median income of $47,588 versus $30,167 for females. The per capita income for the city was $23,663. About 11.1% of families and 13.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.7% of those under age 18 and 12.9% of those age 65 or over.

Images for kids

kids search engine
Daleville, Alabama Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.