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Eduard Bernstein
Bernstein Eduard 1895.jpg
Member of the Reichstag
from Brandenburg
In office
7 June 1920 – 20 May 1928
Constituency Potsdam (Teltow-Beeskow-Charlottenburg)
Member of the Imperial Reichstag
from Silesia
In office
13 January 1912 – 10 November 1918
Preceded by Otto Pfundtner
Succeeded by Reichstag dissolution
Constituency Breslau-West
In office
31 October 1901 – 25 January 1907
Preceded by Bruno Schönlank
Succeeded by Otto Pfundtner
Constituency Breslau-West
Personal details
Born (1850-01-06)6 January 1850
Schöneberg, Kingdom of Prussia
Died 18 December 1932(1932-12-18) (aged 82)
Berlin, Free State of Prussia, Weimar Republic
Political party SDAP (1872–1875)
SPD (1875–1917)
USPD (1917–1919)
SPD (1918–1932)

Philosophy career
Era 19th–20th-century philosophy
Region Western philosophy
School Socialism
Main interests
Politics, economy, sociology
Notable ideas
Social democracy

Eduard Bernstein (6 January 1850 – 18 December 1932) was a German social democratic Marxist theorist and politician. A member of the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD), Bernstein had held close association to Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, but he began to identify what he believed to be errors in Marxist thinking and began to criticize views held by Marxism when he investigated and challenged the Marxist materialist theory of history. He rejected significant parts of Marxist theory that were based upon Hegelian metaphysics and rejected the Hegelian dialectical perspective.

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