Elsinboro Township, New Jersey facts for kids

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Elsinboro Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Elsinboro
Nicholson House
Nicholson House
Elsinboro Township highlighted in Salem County. Inset map: Salem County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Elsinboro Township highlighted in Salem County. Inset map: Salem County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Elsinboro Township, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Elsinboro Township, New Jersey
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Salem
Earliest mention May 12, 1701
Incorporated February 21, 1798
Named for Fort Nya Elfsborg
Area
 • Total 13.325 sq mi (34.511 km2)
 • Land 11.917 sq mi (30.865 km2)
 • Water 1.408 sq mi (3.646 km2)  10.57%
Area rank 182nd of 566 in state
11th of 15 in county
Elevation 10 ft (3 m)
Population (2010 Census)
 • Total 1,036
 • Estimate (2015) 997
 • Rank 532nd of 566 in state
15th of 15 in county
 • Density 86.9/sq mi (33.6/km2)
 • Density rank 548th of 566 in state
12th of 15 in county
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08079 - Salem
Area code(s) 856
FIPS code 3403321330
GNIS feature ID 0882064
Website www.elsinborotownship.com

Elsinboro Township is a township in Salem County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 1,036, reflecting a decline of 56 (-5.1%) from the 1,092 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 78 (-6.7%) from the 1,170 counted in the 1990 Census.

Elsinboro's first mention dates back to May 12, 1701, though it was also mentioned in records on November 28, 1676. The details and date of its original incorporation are unknown. The township was incorporated by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 21, 1798, as one of New Jersey's original group of 104 townships. The township was named for Fort Nya Elfsborg.

History

At the time of European colonization in the 17th century the Delaware River was known as the South River and the Salem River was known as Varkens Kill, or Hogg Creek. In 1641, without having a patent, a group of 60 settlers (20 families) from the New Haven Colony (in today's Connecticut) purchased land along the kill from indigenous Lenape.

Shortly after Johan Printz, governor of New Sweden, arrived in the colony in 1643, he instructed that Fort Nya Elfsborg be built. Named after the old Älvsborg Fortress off shore from Gothenburg, Sweden, it was located on the Delaware River between Salem River and Alloway Creek. In 1655 Peter Stuyvesant, on behalf of the Dutch West India Company, re-asserted control over the region, which was later captured by the British in 1664.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 13.325 square miles (34.511 km2), including 11.917 square miles (30.865 km2) of land and 1.408 square miles (3.646 km2) of water (10.57%).

The Salem River flows along a portion of the township's northern boundary, and Alloway Creek flows along its southern boundary. Elsinboro Township contains the site of former Fort Elfsborg. Money Island is located in the southwestern corner of the township.

Elsinboro Township borders Lower Alloways Creek Township, Pennsville Township and Salem. Elsinboro also borders the Delaware Bay.

Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Elsinboro Neck, Elsinboro Point, Hagerville, Mill Creek Cove, Moores Corner, Oakwood Beach and Sinnickson Landing.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 517
1820 505 −2.3%
1830 503 −0.4%
1840 526 4.6%
1850 655 24.5%
1860 749 14.4%
1870 700 −6.5%
1880 570 −18.6%
1890 524 −8.1%
1900 445 −15.1%
1910 419 −5.8%
1920 374 −10.7%
1930 405 8.3%
1940 663 63.7%
1950 674 1.7%
1960 1,220 81.0%
1970 1,204 −1.3%
1980 1,290 7.1%
1990 1,170 −9.3%
2000 1,092 −6.7%
2010 1,036 −5.1%
Est. 2015 997 −3.8%
Population sources: 1810-2000
1810-1920 1840 1850-1870
1850 1870 1880-1890
1890-1910 1910-1930
1900-1990 2000 2010

Census 2010

As of the census of 2010, there were 1,036 people, 455 households, and 293 families residing in the township. The population density was 86.9 per square mile (33.6/km2). There were 524 housing units at an average density of 44.0 per square mile (17.0/km2)*. The racial makeup of the township was 93.05% (964) White, 3.47% (36) Black or African American, 0.10% (1) Native American, 0.39% (4) Asian, 0.10% (1) Pacific Islander, 1.06% (11) from other races, and 1.83% (19) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.22% (23) of the population.

There were 455 households out of which 20.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.8% were married couples living together, 6.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.6% were non-families. 27.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.76.

In the township, the population was spread out with 18.0% under the age of 18, 5.6% from 18 to 24, 22.0% from 25 to 44, 34.1% from 45 to 64, and 20.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 48.6 years. For every 100 females there were 98.1 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 99.1 males.

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $64,107 (with a margin of error of +/- $9,891) and the median family income was $73,333 (+/- $14,834). Males had a median income of $59,904 (+/- $5,192) versus $42,188 (+/- $14,368) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $31,008 (+/- $2,997). About 1.5% of families and 2.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.9% of those under age 18 and 0.0% of those age 65 or over.

Census 2000

As of the 2000 United States Census there were 1,092 people, 468 households, and 324 families residing in the township. The population density was 89.0 people per square mile (34.4/km²). There were 530 housing units at an average density of 43.2 per square mile (16.7/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 95.05% White, 3.57% African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.27% from other races, and 0.92% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.64% of the population.

There were 468 households out of which 24.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.7% were married couples living together, 8.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.6% were non-families. 26.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.80.

In the township the population was spread out with 21.2% under the age of 18, 5.0% from 18 to 24, 25.8% from 25 to 44, 28.2% from 45 to 64, and 19.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 90.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.8 males.

The median income for a household in the township was $50,972, and the median income for a family was $59,688. Males had a median income of $42,232 versus $30,357 for females. The per capita income for the township was $25,415. About 2.1% of families and 1.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.9% of those under age 18 and 2.3% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

As of May 2010, the township had a total of 24.13 miles (38.83 km) of roadways, of which 7.67 miles (12.34 km) were maintained by the municipality and 16.46 miles (26.49 km) by Salem County.


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