Elsinboro Township, New Jersey facts for kids
|Elsinboro Township, New Jersey|
|Township of Elsinboro|
Elsinboro Township highlighted in Salem County. Inset map: Salem County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Elsinboro Township, New Jersey
|Earliest mention||May 12, 1701|
|Incorporated||February 21, 1798|
|Named for||Fort Nya Elfsborg|
|• Total||13.325 sq mi (34.511 km2)|
|• Land||11.917 sq mi (30.865 km2)|
|• Water||1.408 sq mi (3.646 km2) 10.57%|
|Area rank||182nd of 566 in state
11th of 15 in county
|Elevation||10 ft (3 m)|
|Population (2010 Census)|
|• Estimate (2015)||997|
|• Rank||532nd of 566 in state
15th of 15 in county
|• Density||86.9/sq mi (33.6/km2)|
|• Density rank||548th of 566 in state
12th of 15 in county
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)|
|ZIP code||08079 - Salem|
|GNIS feature ID||0882064|
Elsinboro Township is a township in Salem County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 1,036, reflecting a decline of 56 (-5.1%) from the 1,092 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 78 (-6.7%) from the 1,170 counted in the 1990 Census.
Elsinboro's first mention dates back to May 12, 1701, though it was also mentioned in records on November 28, 1676. The details and date of its original incorporation are unknown. The township was incorporated by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 21, 1798, as one of New Jersey's original group of 104 townships. The township was named for Fort Nya Elfsborg.
At the time of European colonization in the 17th century the Delaware River was known as the South River and the Salem River was known as Varkens Kill, or Hogg Creek. In 1641, without having a patent, a group of 60 settlers (20 families) from the New Haven Colony (in today's Connecticut) purchased land along the kill from indigenous Lenape.
Shortly after Johan Printz, governor of New Sweden, arrived in the colony in 1643, he instructed that Fort Nya Elfsborg be built. Named after the old Älvsborg Fortress off shore from Gothenburg, Sweden, it was located on the Delaware River between Salem River and Alloway Creek. In 1655 Peter Stuyvesant, on behalf of the Dutch West India Company, re-asserted control over the region, which was later captured by the British in 1664.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 13.325 square miles (34.511 km2), including 11.917 square miles (30.865 km2) of land and 1.408 square miles (3.646 km2) of water (10.57%).
The Salem River flows along a portion of the township's northern boundary, and Alloway Creek flows along its southern boundary. Elsinboro Township contains the site of former Fort Elfsborg. Money Island is located in the southwestern corner of the township.
Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Elsinboro Neck, Elsinboro Point, Hagerville, Mill Creek Cove, Moores Corner, Oakwood Beach and Sinnickson Landing.
|Population sources: 1810-2000
1810-1920 1840 1850-1870
1850 1870 1880-1890
1900-1990 2000 2010
As of the census of 2010, there were 1,036 people, 455 households, and 293 families residing in the township. The population density was 86.9 per square mile (33.6/km2). There were 524 housing units at an average density of 44.0 per square mile (17.0/km2)*. The racial makeup of the township was 93.05% (964) White, 3.47% (36) Black or African American, 0.10% (1) Native American, 0.39% (4) Asian, 0.10% (1) Pacific Islander, 1.06% (11) from other races, and 1.83% (19) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.22% (23) of the population.
There were 455 households out of which 20.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.8% were married couples living together, 6.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.6% were non-families. 27.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.76.
In the township, the population was spread out with 18.0% under the age of 18, 5.6% from 18 to 24, 22.0% from 25 to 44, 34.1% from 45 to 64, and 20.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 48.6 years. For every 100 females there were 98.1 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 99.1 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $64,107 (with a margin of error of +/- $9,891) and the median family income was $73,333 (+/- $14,834). Males had a median income of $59,904 (+/- $5,192) versus $42,188 (+/- $14,368) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $31,008 (+/- $2,997). About 1.5% of families and 2.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.9% of those under age 18 and 0.0% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 1,092 people, 468 households, and 324 families residing in the township. The population density was 89.0 people per square mile (34.4/km²). There were 530 housing units at an average density of 43.2 per square mile (16.7/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 95.05% White, 3.57% African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.27% from other races, and 0.92% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.64% of the population.
There were 468 households out of which 24.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.7% were married couples living together, 8.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.6% were non-families. 26.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.80.
In the township the population was spread out with 21.2% under the age of 18, 5.0% from 18 to 24, 25.8% from 25 to 44, 28.2% from 45 to 64, and 19.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 90.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.8 males.
The median income for a household in the township was $50,972, and the median income for a family was $59,688. Males had a median income of $42,232 versus $30,357 for females. The per capita income for the township was $25,415. About 2.1% of families and 1.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.9% of those under age 18 and 2.3% of those age 65 or over.
As of May 2010[update], the township had a total of 24.13 miles (38.83 km) of roadways, of which 7.67 miles (12.34 km) were maintained by the municipality and 16.46 miles (26.49 km) by Salem County.
Elsinboro Township, New Jersey Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.