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Emirate of Granada facts for kids

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Emirate of Granada

إمارة غرﻧﺎﻃﺔ
Imarat Gharnāṭah
1230–1492
Coat of arms of Granada
Coat of arms
Motto: Wa lā ghāliba illā-llāh
(There is no victor but God)
Territory of the Nasrid Kingdom
Territory of the Nasrid Kingdom
Status Tributary state of the Crown of Castile
Capital Granada
Common languages Official language:
Classical Arabic
Other languages: Andalusi Arabic, Mozarabic, Berber, Ladino
Religion
Majority religion:
Islam
Minority religions:
Christianity (Roman Catholicism), Judaism
Government Hereditary monarchy
Sultan  
• 1238–1273
Mohammed I ibn Nasr
• 1487–1492
Muhammad XII
Historical era Late Middle Ages
• Established
1230
• Castilian conquest
1492
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Almohad Caliphate
Kingdom of Granada (Crown of Castile)
Today part of

 Spain  Gibraltar

 Morocco

The Emirate of Granada was established in 1238. As the Reconquista was very successful after the conquest of Cordoba in 1236, the emirate officially became a tributary state in 1238 and was called the Kingdom of Granada. The Nasrid emirs and kings were responsible for building most of the palaces in the Alhambra. The taifa became a vassal state of the Christian kingdom of Castile for the next 250 years. The Nasrid sultans and kings paid tribute to the Christian kings and cooperated with them in the battle against rebellious Muslims under Castilian rule.

On January 2, 1492, the last Muslim leader, Muhammad XII, surrendered complete control of Granada, to Ferdinand and Isabella, after the city was besieged in the Battle of Granada.

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