Eryops facts for kids

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Eryops
Temporal range:
late Carboniferous – early Permian
310–295 mya
Eryops: National Museum of Natural History, Washington DC
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Temnospondyli
Family: Eryopidae
Genus: Eryops
Eryops - National Museum of Natural History - IMG 1974
Eryops, side view

Eryops is a genus of extinct, semi-aquatic temnospondyl amphibia.

They are found mostly in the Lower Permian-aged (about 295 million years ago) red beds of Texas. Fossils are also found in New Mexico and parts of the eastern United States. Eryops also occurs in older Pennsylvanian strata of the Conemaugh Group in West Virginia

Eryops averaged a little over 1.5-2.0 meters (5–6.5 ft) long, so it was one of the largest land animals of its time. It weighed about 90 kilograms (200 lb). It probably had few predators, although the apex predator of the time was the synapsid Dimetrodon, which was even larger. Several complete skeletons of Eryops have been found in the Lower Permian, but skull bones and teeth are the most common fossils.

Eryops was better adapted to a terrestrial environment than its ancestors. Sturdy limbs and a strong spine supported the body while out of water.

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Eryops Facts for Kids. Homework Help - Kiddle Encyclopedia.