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Essex Junction, Vermont facts for kids

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Essex Junction, Vermont
Downtown Essex Junction
Downtown Essex Junction
Location in Chittenden County and the state of Vermont.
Location in Chittenden County and the state of Vermont.
Country United States
State Vermont
County Chittenden
Town Essex
 • Total 4.7 sq mi (12.3 km2)
 • Land 4.6 sq mi (11.8 km2)
 • Water 0.2 sq mi (0.5 km2)
Elevation 344 ft (105 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 9,271
 • Density 2,031/sq mi (784.0/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 05451-05453
Area code(s) 802
FIPS code 50-24400
GNIS feature ID 1457378

Essex Junction is a village located within the town of Essex in Chittenden County, Vermont, United States. The population was 9,271 at the 2010 census. It was incorporated on November 15, 1892.

Amtrak, the national passenger rail system, provides daily service to its station in Essex Junction, a focal point for rail travel in the Burlington, Vermont metropolitan area. The Vermonter train runs daily from the Franklin County seat of St. Albans to Union Station in Washington, D.C. It used to be called the Montrealer; its terminus being at Central Station in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

The village of Essex Junction is one of three voting districts (District 8-2) in the town of Essex, with Districts 8-1 & 8-3 together comprising the remainder of the town outside the village. The village and town each operate separate fire departments, libraries, parks departments, and municipal services, and contain separate school districts for grades K–8. Both governments collectively operate a unified police department and the unified Essex High School.

Essex Junction is home to GlobalFoundries' Burlington Design Center and 200 mm wafer fabrication plant. GlobalFoundries is the largest private employer in the state of Vermont, with approximately 3,000 employees.


IBM and GlobalFoundries

The village history was affected in a major way by the presence of IBM (now GlobalFoundries), which chose Essex Junction as the site for its facility in 1958.

In 1958, IBM leased a 40,000 square feet (3,700 m2) facility in the southeast part of the village for its new Data Processing Division. By the end of the year, there were 500 workers. In 1969, the plant expanded to 820,000 square feet (7.6 ha).

In 1982, employment reached an all-time high of 8,000. In 2007, the town listers dropped the value of the plant from a high of $147.5 million to $104 million. The plant's workforce was a little over 5,000 in 2011. As a GlobalFoundries operation since July 2015, the plant retains about 3,000 employees.


In 2003 Vermont and other states passed legislation against cyberbullying.


Essex Junction is located in the southwest part of the town of Essex and is bordered on the south by the Winooski River. The village is 6 miles (10 km) east of downtown Burlington via Vermont Route 15. According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 4.7 square miles (12.3 km2), of which 4.6 square miles (11.8 km2) is land and 0.2 square miles (0.5 km2), or 3.72%, is water.


This climatic region is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot summers and cold winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Essex Junction has a humid continental climate, abbreviated "Dfb" on climate maps.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 1,141
1910 1,245 9.1%
1920 1,410 13.3%
1930 1,621 15.0%
1940 1,901 17.3%
1950 2,741 44.2%
1960 5,340 94.8%
1970 6,511 21.9%
1980 7,033 8.0%
1990 8,396 19.4%
2000 8,591 2.3%
2010 9,271 7.9%
Est. 2015 10,111 9.1%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 8,591 people, 3,409 households, and 2,253 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,804.1 people per square mile (696.8/km²). There were 3,501 housing units at an average density of 735.2/sq mi (284.0/km²). There were 3,409 households out of which 35.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.4% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.9% were non-families. 26.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the village, the population was spread out with 26.4% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 32.9% from 25 to 44, 23.1% from 45 to 64, and 10.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 97.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.0 males.

Champlain Valley Expo

Essex Junction is home to the Champlain Valley Expo, a former dirt racetrack that has evolved into a large event field, with stadium seating for concerts, and multiple halls that can host a variety of indoor events.

Champlain Valley Fair

The 10-day Champlain Valley Fair is the most notable event held at the Expo. The state's largest fair consists of five components blended together at the same time:

  • A large agricultural exhibit, with a dairy cows, other farm animals, and 4-H-style events for both livestock and agriculture.
  • A commercial exhibit for a variety of local and regional vendors, including Rocky's Pizza and Halvorson's Roadhouse to showcase their products to the public.
  • A large area dedicated to a mix of local foods like real maple syrup, and conventional fair foods such as fried dough and cotton candy.
  • A midway provided by Strates Shows with rides typical of a large traveling carnival.
  • Nightly concerts, which in 2010 included Lyle Lovett, Keith Urban, and Justin Bieber.

Over the last decade total fair attendance has been almost 300,000 per year. In 2010, the fair had 46 carnival rides and almost 200 vendors.

Other Expo events

Other events held at the Champlain Valley Expo include an Antique Car Show, WOKO Giant Flea Market, Nightmare Vermont, Vermont International Festival, and the Champlain Valley Balloon Festival.

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