Estacada, Oregon facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Estacada, Oregon
City
Sculpture in front of City Hall in downtown Estacada
Sculpture in front of City Hall in downtown Estacada
Motto: Close to Everything...but away from it all
Location in Oregon
Location in Oregon
Country United States
State Oregon
County Clackamas
Incorporated 1905
Area
 • Total 2.06 sq mi (5.34 km2)
 • Land 2.01 sq mi (5.21 km2)
 • Water 0.05 sq mi (0.13 km2)
Elevation 426 ft (129.8 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 2,695
 • Estimate (2012) 2,863
 • Density 1,340.8/sq mi (517.7/km2)
Time zone Pacific (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) Pacific (UTC-7)
ZIP code 97023
Area code(s) 503
FIPS code 41-23800
GNIS feature ID 1136271
Website www.cityofestacada.org

Estacada /ˌɛstəˈkdə/ is a city in Clackamas County, Oregon, United States, about 30 miles (48 km) southeast of Portland. The population was 2,695 at the 2010 census.

History

The Estacada post office opened in February 1904 and the city was incorporated in May 1905. The community formed as a camp for workers building a hydroelectric dam on the nearby Clackamas River that was to supply Portland with electricity. At the time, the river was relatively inaccessible by road, forcing the Oregon Power Railway Company to build a railway to the vicinity of the river to transport crews to the river for the construction of the dam. After the construction of the Hotel Estacada, the town became a weekend destination on the railroad line for residents of Portland. During the week, the train carried freight and work crews to and from Portland. Following the development of the dams, the city became a hub for the logging industry. In the early 20th century, a trolley line connected the town with downtown Portland. The railway line has been removed and there is no longer rail service to Estacada.

Name

The origin of the city's name is disputed. One explanation is that the city's name is a corruption of the names of a civic leader's daughters, Esther and Katie, however, there is no evidence of their existence. Another theory states that:

Estacado is a Spanish word and it means "staked out" or "marked with stakes". It was first suggested by George Kelly as a name for the town site at a meeting of the Oregon Water Power Townsite Company directors on December 27, 1903. Kelly had selected the name at random from a U.S. map showing Llano Estacado in Texas. If Kelly's suggestion had not been drawn from the hat, the town could have been named Rochester, Lowell or Lynn. The name Estacada is also used in Arizona.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.06 square miles (5.34 km2), of which, 2.01 square miles (5.21 km2) is land and 0.05 square miles (0.13 km2) is water.

Outside the city limits the land is mainly farmland, extending from the Springwater area to the south, Eagle Creek to the west, and the Mount Hood National Forest to the north and east.

Hydro projects

The Clackamas River, flowing by the city, drains into the Willamette River, thence the Columbia. There are four dams on the Clackamas River upstream of Estacada: River Mill Dam, Faraday Dam (a diversionary dam), North Fork Dam, and Oak Grove Dam, a diversionary structure on the Oak Grove Fork Clackamas River. Portland General Electric operates all four dams and related infrastructure. The former Cazadero Dam on the river was destroyed by the Christmas flood of 1964 and reconstructed as Faraday Dam.

Climate

Estacada has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate (Köppen Csb).

Climate data for Estacada
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 67
(19.4)
72
(22.2)
86
(30)
94
(34.4)
105
(40.6)
104
(40)
109
(42.8)
105
(40.6)
105
(40.6)
92
(33.3)
77
(25)
68
(20)
109
(42.8)
Average high °F (°C) 46
(7.8)
50.4
(10.22)
55.6
(13.11)
61.2
(16.22)
67.4
(19.67)
72.7
(22.61)
80
(26.7)
80
(26.7)
74.3
(23.5)
62.8
(17.11)
52.5
(11.39)
46.8
(8.22)
62.5
(16.94)
Average low °F (°C) 33.3
(0.72)
35.2
(1.78)
37.2
(2.89)
39.9
(4.39)
44.2
(6.78)
48.5
(9.17)
51.4
(10.78)
51.3
(10.72)
48.1
(8.94)
43.4
(6.33)
38.2
(3.44)
34.4
(1.33)
42.1
(5.61)
Record low °F (°C) -2
(-18.9)
0
(-17.8)
21
(-6.1)
26
(-3.3)
29
(-1.7)
32
(0)
36
(2.2)
37
(2.8)
30
(-1.1)
22
(-5.6)
8
(-13.3)
-6
(-21.1)
-6
(-21.1)
Precipitation inches (mm) 8.1
(206)
6.19
(157.2)
6.5
(165)
4.71
(119.6)
3.67
(93.2)
2.66
(67.6)
0.81
(20.6)
1.09
(27.7)
2.42
(61.5)
4.96
(126)
8.23
(209)
8.43
(214.1)
57.78
(1,467.6)
Snowfall inches (cm) 3.4
(8.6)
1.5
(3.8)
0.8
(2)
0.1
(0.3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.1
(0.3)
1.2
(3)
7.1
(18)
Avg. precipitation days 20 18 20 17 15 11 5 5 9 14 19 21 174

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 405
1920 483 19.3%
1930 524 8.5%
1940 526 0.4%
1950 950 80.6%
1960 957 0.7%
1970 1,164 21.6%
1980 1,419 21.9%
1990 2,016 42.1%
2000 2,371 17.6%
2010 2,695 13.7%
Est. 2015 3,152 17.0%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 2,695 people, 1,062 households, and 672 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,340.8 inhabitants per square mile (517.7/km2). There were 1,155 housing units at an average density of 574.6 per square mile (221.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 92.0% White, 0.8% African American, 0.7% Native American, 1.2% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 2.7% from other races, and 2.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.5% of the population.

There were 1,062 households of which 35.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.8% were married couples living together, 14.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 36.7% were non-families. 30.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.16.

The median age in the city was 35.7 years. 26.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 27.2% were from 25 to 44; 24.6% were from 45 to 64; and 12.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.8% male and 50.2% female.

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 2,371 people, 850 households, and 591 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,259.6 people per square mile (871.9/km²). There were 886 housing units at an average density of 844.4 per square mile (325.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 84.86% White, 0.17% African American, 1.43% Native American, 1.77% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 9.91% from other races, and 1.81% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 12.78% of the population.

Safari Club in downtown Estacada, OR
The Safari Club in downtown Estacada in 2004. The club later moved to another city, and the building is vacant.

There were 850 households out of which 39.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.9% were married couples living together, 13.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.4% were non-families. 26.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.78 and the average family size was 3.26.

In the city, the population was spread out with 29.6% under the age of 18, 10.5% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 20.5% from 45 to 64, and 11.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 93.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $39,200, and the median income for a family was $46,445. Males had a median income of $37,269 versus $22,267 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,049. About 10.1% of families and 12.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.8% of those under age 18 and 5.9% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Air

  • Valley View Airport

Bus

TriMet's route 30 from Clackamas stops at Estacada City Hall Monday through Saturday. Sandy Area Metro (SAM) extends bus service from City Hall to Sandy on weekdays, with connections to Gresham, connecting with TriMet lines and MAX light rail there.

Specific references:

General references:

Oregon Geographic Names, Lewis A. McArthur, Fifth Edition, Western Imprints, The Press of the Oregon Historical Society 1982.


Estacada, Oregon Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.