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Federico Fernández Cavada facts for kids

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Federico Fernández-Cavada
Federico Fernández Cavada.jpg
Lt. Colonel Federico Fernández Cavada
Nickname(s) General Candela (General Fire)
Born July 8th, 1831 (1831-07-08)
Cienfuegos, Cuba
Died July 1st, 1871 (aged 39)
Puerto Príncipe, Cuba
Allegiance  United States
 Cuba
Service/branch U.S. flag (35 stars).svg Union Army (1861–1865)
Cuba Cuban Army of Liberation (1868-1871)
Rank Union Army LTC rank insignia.png Lieutenant Colonel (U.S.)
Army General (Cuba)
Commands held 114th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment
Battles/wars American Civil War
  • Second Battle of Bull Run
  • Peninsula Campaign
  • Battle of Fredericksburg
  • Battle of Gettysburg
Ten Years' War
Other work engineer, author

Federico Fernández-Cavada (July 8, 1831 – July 1, 1871) was an officer in the Union Army during the American Civil War and a diplomat, as well as commanding forces in Cuba's Ten Years' War. Because of his artistic talents, he was assigned to the Hot Air Balloon Unit of the Union Army. From the air he sketched what he observed of enemy positions and movements. On April 19, 1862, Fernández Cavada sketched enemy positions from Thaddeus Lowe's Constitution balloon during the Peninsular Campaign in Virginia.

At the rank of lieutenant colonel, he was captured during the Battle of Gettysburg and sent to Libby Prison for Union officers in Richmond, Virginia. Released in 1864, that year he published a book which told of the cruel treatment which he received in the Confederate prison. His brother Adolfo Fernández Cavada also served as an officer in the Union Army.

After the war, Fernández Cavada was appointed by the United States government as consul to Cuba. When the insurrection began against Spanish rule, he resigned his commission and joined the insurgents. His brother was also serving there and resigned his commission, joining the war. Federico was commissioned as a general. Cuban authorities eventually commissioned him as the commander-in-chief of all the Cuban forces during what became the island's Ten Years' War for independence.

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