Francisco Varela

Francisco Varela
Varela in Dharamsala India, 1994

Francisco Javier Varela García (September 7, 1946 – May 28, 2001) was a Chilean biologist, philosopher, and neuroscientist.

Varela was, with his teacher Humberto Maturana, best known for introducing the concept of autopoiesis to biology, and for co-founding the Mind and Life Institute to promote dialog between science and Buddhism.

Publications

Varela wrote numerous books and articles:

  • 1980 (with Humberto Maturana). Autopoiesis and cognition: the realization of the living. Boston: Reidel.
  • 1979. Principles of biological autonomy. North-Holland.
  • 1998 (1987) (with Humberto Maturana). The tree of knowledge: the biological roots of human understanding. Boston: Shambhala Press.
  • 1992 (with P. Bourgine) eds. Towards a practice of autonomous systems: the first European conference on artificial life. MIT Press.
  • 1992 (with J. Hayward) eds. Gentle bridges: dialogues between the cognitive sciences and the Buddhist tradition. Boston: Shambhala Press.
  • 1993 (with D. Stein) eds. Thinking about biology: an introduction to theoretical biology. Addison-Wesley, SFI Series on Complexity.
  • 1997 (ed). Sleeping, dreaming and dying. Boston: Wisdom Book.
  • 1996-99. Invitation aux sciences cognitives. Paris: Seuil.
  • 1999. Ethical know-how: action, wisdom and cognition. Stanford University Press.
  • 1999 (with J. Shea), eds. The view from within: first-person methodologies in the study of consciousness. London: Imprint Academic.
  • 1999 (with J. Petitot, B. Pachoud, and J-M. Roy) eds. Naturalizing phenomenology: contemporary issues in phenomenology and cognitive science. Stanford University Press.

Francisco Varela for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.