Gallatin County, Kentucky facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Gallatin County, Kentucky
Map
Map of Kentucky highlighting Gallatin County
Location in the state of Kentucky
Map of the USA highlighting Kentucky
Kentucky's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1798
Seat Warsaw
Largest City Warsaw
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

105 sq mi (272 km²)
101 sq mi (262 km²)
3.5 sq mi (9 km²), 3.3%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

8,589
85/sq mi (33/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website: gallatincounty.ky.gov
Named for: Albert Gallatin

Gallatin County, is a county in the U.S. state of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 8,589. Its county seat is Warsaw. The county was founded in 1798 and named for Albert Gallatin, the Secretary of the Treasury under President Thomas Jefferson.

Gallatin County is included in the Cincinnati-Middletown, OH-KY-IN Metropolitan Statistical Area. It is located along the Ohio River across from Indiana.

History

The county was formed on December 14, 1798. Gallatin was the 31st Kentucky county to be established. It was derived from parts of Franklin and Shelby counties. Later, parts of the county were pared off to create three additional counties: Owen in 1819, Trimble in 1836 and Carroll in 1838. Today Gallatin is one tenth of its original size. Its northern border is the Ohio River.

The population of Gallatin County in 1800 was 1,291, according to the Second Census of Kentucky, composed of 960 whites, 329 slaves, and 2 "freemen of color".

During the Civil War, several skirmishes occurred in the county and the Union Army arrested a number of men for treason for supporting the Confederates.

The 1866 Gallatin County Race Riot happened just after the Civil War, when bands of lawless Ku Klux Klansmen terrorized parts of the Bluegrass State. "A band of five hundred whites in Gallatin County... forced hundreds of blacks to flee across the Ohio River."

On December 4, 1868, two passenger steamers, the America and the United States, collided on the Ohio River near Warsaw. The United States carried a cargo of barrels of kerosene, which caught fire. The flames soon spread to the America, and many passengers perished by burning or drowning. The combined death toll was 162, making it one of the most deadly steamboat accidents in American history.

The Lynchings of the Frenches of Warsaw happened on May 3, 1876. Benjamin and Mollie French, in jail at the time awaiting trial for the murder of Lake Jones, were taken by force and hanged by the local KKK.

As the 20th century progressed, commercial river trade began to decline, and the steamboat era ended, as faster means of transportation were becoming available. Rail lines expanded, automobiles and trucks became reliable, and aircraft soon arrived on the scene. Construction on the Markland Locks and Dam began in 1956 and was completed in 1964. In 1967 a hydroelectric power plant was built at the dam, which provided jobs. Gallatin County is traversed by I-71, U.S. 42, and U.S. 127. By the 1980s, more than 50 percent of the population was employed outside the county.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 105 square miles (270 km2), of which 101 square miles (260 km2) is land and 3.5 square miles (9.1 km2) (3.3%) is water. It is the second smallest county by area in Kentucky.

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1800 1,291
1810 3,307 156.2%
1820 7,075 113.9%
1830 6,674 −5.7%
1840 4,003 −40.0%
1850 5,137 28.3%
1860 5,056 −1.6%
1870 5,074 0.4%
1880 4,832 −4.8%
1890 4,611 −4.6%
1900 5,163 12.0%
1910 4,697 −9.0%
1920 4,664 −0.7%
1930 4,437 −4.9%
1940 4,307 −2.9%
1950 3,969 −7.8%
1960 3,867 −2.6%
1970 4,134 6.9%
1980 4,842 17.1%
1990 5,393 11.4%
2000 7,870 45.9%
2010 8,589 9.1%
Est. 2015 8,636 0.5%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990
1990–2000 2010–2013

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 8,589 people residing in the county. 94.7% were White, 1.3% Black or African American, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% Native American, 1.6% of some other race and 2.0% of two or more races. 4.3% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race). 22.6% were of German, 21.4% American, 13.8% Irish and 6.5% English ancestry.

As of the census of 2000, there were 7,870 people, 2,902 households, and 2,135 families residing in the county. The population density was 80 per square mile (31/km2). There were 3,362 housing units at an average density of 34 per square mile (13/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 96.72% White, 1.59% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.25% from other races, and 1.04% from two or more races. 1.04% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,902 households out of which 37.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.00% were married couples living together, 10.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.40% were non-families. 22.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.11.

In the county, the population was spread out with 28.60% under the age of 18, 7.70% from 18 to 24, 31.00% from 25 to 44, 22.50% from 45 to 64, and 10.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 98.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $36,422, and the median income for a family was $41,136. Males had a median income of $32,081 versus $21,803 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,416. About 11.60% of families and 13.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.60% of those under age 18 and 16.40% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Images for kids


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