Greene County, Virginia facts for kids

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Greene County, Virginia
Seal of Greene County, Virginia
Map
Map of Virginia highlighting Greene County
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of the USA highlighting Virginia
Virginia's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1838
Seat Stanardsville
Largest town Stanardsville
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

157 sq mi (407 km²)
156 sq mi (404 km²)
0.7 sq mi (2 km²), 0.4%
PopulationEst.
 - (2016)
 - Density

19,785
127/sq mi (49/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website: www.gcva.us
Named for: Nathanael Greene

Greene County is a county in central Virginia in the eastern United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 18,403. Its county seat is Stanardsville.

Greene County is part of the Charlottesville, VA Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Greene portrait
Nathanael Greene, for whom the county was named

Greene County was established in 1838 from Orange County. The county is named for American Revolutionary War hero Nathanael Greene.

A major incident occurred on October 24, 1979, when a natural gas main ruptured, causing an explosion. The resulting fire destroyed the bell tower of the county courthouse and county office building. However, quick action by the firemen on the scene saved the county records which were secured in the vault.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 156.8 square miles (406.1 km2), of which 156.1 square miles (404.3 km2) is land and 0.7 square miles (1.8 km2) (0.4%) is water. It is the second-smallest county in Virginia by total area.

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

  • Shenandoah National Park (part)

Major highways

  • US 29
  • US 33
  • SR 230

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 4,232
1850 4,400 4.0%
1860 5,022 14.1%
1870 4,634 −7.7%
1880 5,830 25.8%
1890 5,622 −3.6%
1900 6,214 10.5%
1910 6,937 11.6%
1920 6,369 −8.2%
1930 5,980 −6.1%
1940 5,218 −12.7%
1950 4,745 −9.1%
1960 4,715 −0.6%
1970 5,248 11.3%
1980 7,625 45.3%
1990 10,297 35.0%
2000 15,244 48.0%
2010 18,403 20.7%
Est. 2016 19,785 7.5%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990
1990–2000 2010–2015

As of the census of 2010, there are 18,403 people, 6,780 households, and 5,072 families residing in the county. The population density is 117.8 people per square mile (38/km²). There are 7,509 housing units at an average density of 48.1 per square mile (15/km²). The racial makeup of the county is 87.6% White, 6.3% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.45% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 0.64% from other races, and 2.2% from two or more races. 4.2% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 6,780 households out of which 32.2% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 59% are married couples living together, 11.1% have a female householder with no husband present, and 25.2% are non-families. 20.1% of all households are made up of individuals and 6.6% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.69 and the average family size is 3.08. The median age for all individuals in the county is 59.3 years.

The median income for a household in the county is $54,307 and median family income is $60,414. The per capita income for the county is $24,696. 8.4% of the population and 4.9% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 8.6% of those under the age of 18 and 11.8% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.

Communities

Towns

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities


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