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Greene County, Virginia facts for kids

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Greene County
Courthouse, built 1838, in Stanardsville
Courthouse, built 1838, in Stanardsville
Official seal of Greene County
Seal
Map of Virginia highlighting Greene County
Location within the U.S. state of Virginia
Map of the United States highlighting Virginia
Virginia's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Virginia
Founded 1838
Named for Nathanael Greene
Seat Stanardsville
Largest community Twin Lakes
Area
 • Total 157 sq mi (410 km2)
 • Land 156 sq mi (400 km2)
 • Water 0.7 sq mi (2 km2)  0.4%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 18,403
 • Estimate 
(2018)
19,779
 • Density 117.2/sq mi (45.26/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district 5th

Greene County is a county in Virginia in the eastern United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 18,403. Its county seat is Stanardsville.

Greene County is part of the Charlottesville, VA Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Greene portrait
Nathanael Greene, for whom the county was named

Greene County was established in 1838 from Orange County. The county is named for American Revolutionary War hero Nathanael Greene.

A major incident occurred on October 24, 1979, when a natural gas main ruptured, causing an explosion. The resulting fire destroyed the bell tower of the county courthouse and county office building. However, quick action by the firemen on the scene saved the county records which were secured in the vault.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 156.8 square miles (406.1 km2), of which 156.1 square miles (404.3 km2) is land and 0.7 square miles (1.8 km2) (0.4%) is water. It is the second-smallest county in Virginia by total area.

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Major highways

  • US 29
  • US 33
  • SR 230

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 4,232
1850 4,400 4.0%
1860 5,022 14.1%
1870 4,634 −7.7%
1880 5,830 25.8%
1890 5,622 −3.6%
1900 6,214 10.5%
1910 6,937 11.6%
1920 6,369 −8.2%
1930 5,980 −6.1%
1940 5,218 −12.7%
1950 4,745 −9.1%
1960 4,715 −0.6%
1970 5,248 11.3%
1980 7,625 45.3%
1990 10,297 35.0%
2000 15,244 48.0%
2010 18,403 20.7%
2018 (est.) 19,779 7.5%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990
1990–2000 2010–2015

As of the census of 2010, there were 18,403 people, 6,780 households, and 5,072 families residing in the county. The population density was 117.8 people per square mile (38/km2). There were 7,509 housing units at an average density of 48.1 per square mile (15/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 87.6% White, 6.3% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.45% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 0.64% from other races, and 2.2% from two or more races. 4.2% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 6,780 households, out of which 32.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59% were married couples living together, 11.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.2% were non-families. 20.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.08. The median age for all individuals in the county was 59.3 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $54,307 and median family income was $60,414. The per capita income for the county was $24,696. 8.4% of the population and 4.9% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 8.6% of those under the age of 18 and 11.8% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.

Communities

Towns

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

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