Madison County, Virginia facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Madison County, Virginia
Map
Map of Virginia highlighting Madison County
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of the USA highlighting Virginia
Virginia's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1792
Seat Madison
Largest town Madison
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

322 sq mi (834 km²)
321 sq mi (831 km²)
1.2 sq mi (3 km²), 0.4%
PopulationEst.
 - (2016)
 - Density

13,099
41/sq mi (16/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website: www.madisonco.virginia.gov
Named for: Madison family

Madison County is a county located in the Commonwealth of Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 13,308. Its county seat is Madison.

History

Madison County was established in December 1792, created from Culpeper County. The county is named for the Madison family that owned land along the Rapidan River. President James Madison is a descendant of that family.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 322 square miles (830 km2), of which 321 square miles (830 km2) is land and 1.2 square miles (3.1 km2) (0.4%) is water.

A significant portion of western Madison County is within Shenandoah National Park, including Old Rag, one of its most popular tourist destinations, and Rapidan Camp, the presidential retreat built by Herbert Hoover.

Adjacent counties

National protected area

  • Shenandoah National Park (part)

Major highways

  • US 15
  • US 29
  • SR 230
  • SR 231

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1800 8,322
1810 8,381 0.7%
1820 8,490 1.3%
1830 9,236 8.8%
1840 8,107 −12.2%
1850 9,331 15.1%
1860 8,854 −5.1%
1870 8,670 −2.1%
1880 10,562 21.8%
1890 10,225 −3.2%
1900 10,216 −0.1%
1910 10,055 −1.6%
1920 9,595 −4.6%
1930 8,952 −6.7%
1940 8,465 −5.4%
1950 8,273 −2.3%
1960 8,187 −1.0%
1970 8,638 5.5%
1980 10,232 18.5%
1990 11,949 16.8%
2000 12,520 4.8%
2010 13,308 6.3%
Est. 2016 13,099 −1.6%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990
1990–2000 2010–2015

As of the census of 2000, there were 12,520 people, 4,739 households, and 3,521 families residing in the county. The population density was 39 people per square mile (15/km²). There were 5,239 housing units at an average density of 16 per square mile (6/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 86.71% White, 11.41% Black or African American, 0.14% Native American, 0.50% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.29% from other races, and 0.93% from two or more races. 0.77% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 4,739 households out of which 30.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.40% were married couples living together, 8.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.70% were non-families. 21.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.10% under the age of 18, 6.90% from 18 to 24, 27.60% from 25 to 44, 26.40% from 45 to 64, and 15.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 95.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.60 males. There are more cows in Madison County than people.

The median income for a household in the county was $39,856, and the median income for a family was $44,857. Males had a median income of $30,805 versus $24,384 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,636. About 6.90% of families and 9.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.70% of those under age 18 and 10.20% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Towns

Census-designated place

Other unincorporated communities


Madison County, Virginia Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.