Hainaut (province) facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Province of Belgium
0 Enghien 050918 (1).jpg
St. Nicolas of Smyrne church in Enghien
Flag of Hainaut.svg
Wapen van Henegouwen (provincie).svg
Coat of arms
Country  Belgium
Region  Wallonia
Largest city Charleroi
Capital Mons
 - coordinates
Highest point L'Escaillère
 - location Chimay, Thuin, Hainaut
 - elevation 365 m (1,198 ft)
 - coordinates
Area 3,800 km² (1,467 sq mi)
Population 1,323,196 (1 January 2012)
Density 348 /km² (901 /sq mi)
Subdivisions 7 Arrondissements
69 Municipalities
Governor Claude Durieux
Timezone CET (UTC+1)
 - summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal codes 6000–6599/7000–7999
ISO 3166-2 BE-WHT
Location of the Hainaut province
Location of the Hainaut province
Website: Official site

Hainaut (Walloon: Hinnot; Dutch: Henegouwen; German: Hennegau) is a province of the Walloon Region, one of the three regions of Belgium. Its capital is the city of Mons.

It is the westernmost province of the Walloon Region.


To the south of the province of Hainaut lies the French Nord department, while within Belgium it borders (clockwise from the North) on the Flemish provinces of West Flanders, East Flanders, Flemish Brabant and the Wallonian provinces of Walloon Brabant and Namur.

The province has an area of 3,800 km2 (1,467 sq mi) with a population of 1,323,196 and a density of 348.2 inhabitants per km²; it is the province of the Walloon Region with the highest population.

The province of Hainaut is divided into seven arrondissements (arrondissementen in Dutch) with 69 municipalities.

The altitude of the province is between 10 m (32.8 ft), in Celles, and 365 m (1,197.5 ft), in L'Escaillère.

Administrative divisions

The province of Hainaut is divided into seven arrondissements (Ath, Charleroi, Mons, Mouscron, Soignies, Thuin and Tournai) and a total of 69 municipalities.

Map of the municipalities of Hainaut
(names are in the following table)
Municipalities by arrondissements, with their numbers in the map
Ath Charleroi Mons Mouscron
Arrondissement Ath Belgium Map.png Arrondissement Charleroi Belgium Map.png Arrondissement Mons Belgium Map.png Arrondissement Mouscron Belgium Map.png
Soignies Thuin Tournai
Arrondissement Soignies Belgium Map.png Arrondissement Thuin Belgium Map.png Arrondissement Tournai Belgium Map.png

Population by arrondissement

Population on 1 January of each year.

Arrondissement 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Ath 81,825 82,725 83,129 83,752 84,493 84,958
Charleroi 422,598 423,204 424,289 425,110 427,258 428,711
Mons 249,878 250,431 250,684 251,901 253,373 254,285
Mouscron 70,718 71,411 71,938 72,380 73,055 73,895
Soignies 180,154 181,217 182,155 183,169 184,121 185,161
Thuin 147,475 148,178 148,558 149,082 149,801 150,406
Tournai 142,196 142,931 143,683 144,486 145,183 145,780
Province of Hainaut 1,294,844 1,300,097 1,304,436 1,309,880 1,317,284 1,323,196

Images for kids

Hainaut (province) Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.