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Hartford City, West Virginia
Location of Hartford City in Mason County, West Virginia.
Location of Hartford City in Mason County, West Virginia.
Country United States
State West Virginia
County Mason
Area
 • Total 1.24 sq mi (3.21 km2)
 • Land 1.24 sq mi (3.20 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
581 ft (177 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 614
 • Estimate 
(2019)
594
 • Density 480.19/sq mi (185.36/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
Area code(s) 304
FIPS code 54-35500
GNIS feature ID 1540025

Hartford City, also known as Hartford, is a town in Mason County, West Virginia, United States. The population was 614 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Point Pleasant, WV–OH Micropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Hartford is located on a portion of land owned by Colonel Andrew Waggener, who in 1772 was given 4,000 acres (16 km2) by King George III for his services in the French and Indian War. It was established as a town in 1853, and a coal mine was established the same year. Salt extraction began in 1856, by capitalists from Connecticut named Morgan Buckley and William Healey, who named the town for Hartford, the state capital of Connecticut. The first post office was opened in 1858, and the community was incorporated in 1868.

Geography

Hartford City is located at 39°0′13″N 81°59′28″W / 39.00361°N 81.99111°W / 39.00361; -81.99111 (39.003704, -81.991203), along the Ohio River.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.24 square miles (3.21 km2), all of it land.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 918
1880 567 −38.2%
1890 446 −21.3%
1900 515 15.5%
1910 358 −30.5%
1920 430 20.1%
1930 423 −1.6%
1940 467 10.4%
1950 366 −21.6%
1960 376 2.7%
1970 527 40.2%
1980 556 5.5%
1990 487 −12.4%
2000 519 6.6%
2010 614 18.3%
2019 (est.) 594 −3.3%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 614 people, 253 households, and 175 families living in the town. The population density was 495.2 inhabitants per square mile (191.2/km2). There were 357 housing units at an average density of 287.9 per square mile (111.2/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 96.6% White, 0.2% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.3% Asian, and 2.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.2% of the population.

There were 253 households, of which 31.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.4% were married couples living together, 14.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 30.8% were non-families. 25.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.93.

The median age in the town was 39.5 years. 22.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 10.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.6% were from 25 to 44; 28% were from 45 to 64; and 14.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 50.5% male and 49.5% female.

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