Helena, Arkansas facts for kids
Quick facts for kids
Location of Helena, Arkansas
|• Total||23.0 km2 (8.9 sq mi)|
|• Land||23.0 km2 (8.9 sq mi)|
|• Water||0.0 km2 (0.0 sq mi)|
|Elevation||60 m (197 ft)|
|• Density||290.89/km2 (902/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (Central (CST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||0077157|
Helena is the eastern portion of Helena–West Helena, Arkansas, a city in Phillips County, Arkansas. It was founded in 1833 by Nicholas Rightor and is named after the daughter of Sylvanus Phillips, an early settler of Phillips County and the namesake of Phillips County. As of the 2000 census, this portion of the city population was 6,323. Helena was the county seat of Phillips County until January 1, 2006, when it merged its government and city limits with neighboring West Helena.
During the American Civil War, the Battle of Helena was a deadly encounter. Helena is the birthplace of many notable people including prominent African Americans and Arkansas' former senior United States senator, Blanche Lincoln. Helena is home to the longest running daily radio program in the U.S., King Biscuit Time.
From 1906 to 1946, Helena was a terminal point on the former Missouri and North Arkansas Railroad, which provided passenger and freight service to Joplin, Missouri. After, a loss of rail service in early 2015, a successful effort was launched by the Helena-West Helena/Phillips County Port Authority to have freight service restored. The service was restored on October 1, 2015 and two new freight customers were quickly gained.
Helena is located at(34.526223, −90.601377).
According to the United States Census Bureau, Helena had a total area of 8.9 square miles (23 km2), all land.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 6,323 people, 2,312 households, and 1,542 families residing in Helena. The population density was 710.7 people per square mile (274.3/km2). There were 2,710 housing units at an average density of 304.6/sq mi (117.6/km2). The racial makeup of Helena is 67.93% Black or African American, 30.59% White, 0.13% Native American, 0.60% Asian, 0.17% from other races, and 0.59% from two or more races. 0.73% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 2,312 households, out of which 32.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 33.8% were married couples living together, 28.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.3% were non-families. 30.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.28.
In Helena, the age distribution included 32.5% of the population under the age of 18, 10.0% from 18 to 24, 22.1% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, and 15.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 83.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 75.5 males.
The median income for a household in Helena is $18,662, and the median income for a family was $21,534. Males had a median income of $27,203 versus $17,250 for females. The per capita income for Helena is $13,028. About 38.4% of families and 41.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 54.9% of those under age 18 and 24.1% of those age 65 or over.
Arts and culture
Helena, Arkansas is home to a number of historic buildings such as the Sidney H. Horner House and the Centennial Baptist Church.
Helena-West Helena School District operates schools in what was Helena.
Schools in the former West Helena.
- J. F. Wahl Elementary School
- S.T.A.R.S. (Students Tapping Academic Resources for Success) Academy (alternative school)
Eliza Miller Junior High School and Central High School, the designated secondary schools, were in West Helena.
Helena previously had a Catholic grade school for black children, St. Cyprian School; it closed in 1963.
- James M. Alexander, formerly enslaved African-American politician and businessperson; served in the Arkansas House of Representatives and as first African-American Justice of the Peace in Arkansas
- John Hanks Alexander, first African American officer in U.S. armed forces to hold regular command position and second African American graduate of U.S. Military Academy
- Dorathy M. Allen, first woman elected to Arkansas Senate
- John Allin, presiding bishop of the Episcopal Church (United States)
- Bankroll Freddie, rapper
- Bruce Bennett, former Arkansas Attorney General
- Joseph Robert Booker, African-American civil rights leader
- Caroline Shawk Brooks, first known American sculptor to work with butter
- Patrick Cleburne, Confederate General
- CeDell Davis, blues guitarist and longtime recording artist despite disabled hands
- William Henry Grey, Reconstruction-era politician and state senator
- Thomas Burton Hanly, Arkansas judge amd legislator
- Ken Hatfield, college football coach
- Thomas C. Hindman, Confederate General
- Red Holloway, jazz saxophonist
- Alex Johnson, baseball player, 1970 American League home run champion
- Mary Lambert, film director
- Blanche Lincoln, former U.S. Senator from Arkansas
- Roberta Martin, gospel singer
- Theodore D. McNeal, union organizer, equal employment opportunity activist, and state senator in Missouri
- Elias Camp Morris, pastor of Centennial Baptist Church and president of the National Baptist Convention
- Conway Twitty, country singer and actor in Country Music Hall of Fame
- Ellis Valentine, former right fielder for the Montreal Expos and the New York Mets.
- James T. White - Reconstruction-era politician and Baptist minister
Images for kids
In Spanish: Helena (Arkansas) para niños
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