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Helmetta, New Jersey
|Borough of Helmetta|
Looking north along Main Street (CR 615)
Helmetta highlighted in Middlesex County. Inset: Location of Middlesex County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Helmetta, New Jersey
|Incorporated||March 20, 1888|
|Named for||Olivia Antoinette "Etta" Helme|
|• Total||0.907 sq mi (2.349 km2)|
|• Land||0.850 sq mi (2.201 km2)|
|• Water||0.057 sq mi (0.148 km2) 6.32%|
|Area rank||514th of 566 in state
24th of 25 in county
|Elevation||59 ft (18 m)|
| • Estimate
|• Rank||480th of 566 in state
25th of 25 in county
|• Density||2,562.9/sq mi (989.5/km2)|
|• Density rank||241st of 566 in state
19th of 25 in county
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (Eastern (EDT))|
|Area code(s)||732 exchanges: 521, 605, 656|
|GNIS feature ID||885250|
Helmetta is a borough in Middlesex County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 2,178, reflecting an increase of 353 (+19.3%) from the 1,825 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 614 (+50.7%) from the 1,211 counted in the 1990 Census. The community was established around a snuff mill opened in the 1820s that was acquired by George Washington Helme in the 1880s.
Helmetta was formed as a borough by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 20, 1888, when it was created from portions of East Brunswick Township, based on the results of a referendum held on March 10, 1888. Helmetta's boundary with East Brunswick Township was changed as of March 24, 1897. The borough was named for Helme's daughter, Olivia Antoinette "Etta" Helme.
G. W. Helme Snuff Mill District
G. W. Helme Snuff Mill District
The Helmetta Snuff Mill in Spring 2012
Helmetta, New Jersey
|NRHP reference No.||79001511|
|Added to NRHP||August 15, 1980|
Helmetta's main landmark is the large, abandoned Helme Products Inc. plant that sits adjacent to the Camden and Amboy Railroad line running through town (map showing Helmetta on a Camden and Amboy Railroad route). The mill began producing snuff in the 1880s. On February 23, 1900, the mill was bought by the American-Sniff Company in a merger with Helme Products Inc., but the merger was dissolved in 1911. In 1925, the mill became the largest of its kind in the world, and by 1934 it employed 400 people. In 1986, the mill was bought out by American Maize-Products. Finally, in 1993, it was purchased by Swisher International, and operations were moved to Wheeling, West Virginia. It has remained inactive since.
The G. W. Helme Snuff Mill District is a classic example of a late 1800s mill town. The district consists of the George Washington Helme snuff mill, housing for employees, accessory buildings, St. George Episcopal Church, Holy Trinity Roman Catholic Church, and Helmetta Pond, which at one time served as a source of power for the mill. About 115 buildings were originally in the district, which was named to the New Jersey Register of Historic Places on February 1, 1980, and to the National Register of Historic Places listings in Middlesex County, New Jersey on August 15, 1980.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 0.907 square miles (2.349 km2), including 0.850 square miles (2.201 km2) of land and 0.057 square miles (0.148 km2) of water (6.32%).
|Population sources: 1900-1920
1930-1990 2000 2010
As of the census of 2010, there were 2,178 people, 891 households, and 596 families residing in the borough. The population density was 2,562.9 per square mile (989.5/km2). There were 920 housing units at an average density of 1,082.6 per square mile (418.0/km2)*. The racial makeup of the borough was 88.61% (1,930) White, 3.95% (86) Black or African American, 0.09% (2) Native American, 4.87% (106) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 1.15% (25) from other races, and 1.33% (29) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.53% (164) of the population.
There were 891 households out of which 27.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.5% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.1% were non-families. 26.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.97.
In the borough, the population was spread out with 20.8% under the age of 18, 7.1% from 18 to 24, 31.7% from 25 to 44, 30.8% from 45 to 64, and 9.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.3 years. For every 100 females there were 93.6 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 90.2 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $80,690 (with a margin of error of +/- $4,944) and the median family income was $96,875 (+/- $8,073). Males had a median income of $63,625 (+/- $7,838) versus $48,333 (+/- $6,040) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $36,941 (+/- $2,537). About 3.4% of families and 3.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.8% of those under age 18 and 3.2% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 1,825 people, 746 households, and 495 families residing in the borough. The population density was 2,153.6 people per square mile (829.0/km2). There were 769 housing units at an average density of 907.5 per square mile (349.3/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 93.15% White, 2.41% African American, 0.22% Native American, 2.41% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.88% from other races, and 0.88% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.32% of the population.
There were 746 households out of which 33.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.7% were married couples living together, 8.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.6% were non-families. 25.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.01.
In the borough the population was spread out with 22.1% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 44.1% from 25 to 44, 21.2% from 45 to 64, and 6.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 98.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.2 males.
The median income for a household in the borough was $60,125, and the median income for a family was $64,659. Males had a median income of $47,604 versus $33,929 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $26,668. About 3.2% of families and 3.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.2% of those under age 18 and 1.8% of those age 65 or over.
As of May 2010[update], the borough had a total of 8.79 miles (14.15 km) of roadways, of which 7.28 miles (11.72 km) were maintained by the municipality and 1.51 miles (2.43 km) by Middlesex County.
The major thoroughfare in the borough is Main Street (County Route 615) which connects with Monroe to the southwest and Spotswood to the northeast. Main Street is largely known as Bordentown-Amboy Turnpike between Jamesburg and South Amboy.
The New Jersey Turnpike (Interstate 95) is accessible at Exit 8A in neighboring Monroe Township.
An analysis of speeding tickets issued over an 18-month period between 2011 and 2013 showed that 222 tickets were issued in that timeframe with only two given to borough residents, which was cited as supporting claims that the borough's police department is unfairly targeting non-residents.
- Spotswood Public Schools's 2014–15 School Report Card from the New Jersey Department of Education
|East Brunswick Township|
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