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Hermann, Missouri
City of Hermann
Early morning sun lights up the fall colors down Market Street in Hermann, Missouri
Early morning sun lights up the fall colors down Market Street in Hermann, Missouri
Flag of Hermann, Missouri
Location of Hermann, Missouri
Location of Hermann, Missouri
Country United States
State Missouri
County Gasconade
Established 1837
Named for Hermann der Cherusker
 • Type Mayor/Alderman/Administrator
 • Total 2.71 sq mi (7.01 km2)
 • Land 2.53 sq mi (6.54 km2)
 • Water 0.18 sq mi (0.47 km2)
531 ft (162 m)
 • Total 2,185
 • Estimate 
 • Density 926.79/sq mi (357.90/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 573
FIPS code 29-31762
GNIS feature ID 0719397

Hermann is a city in and the county seat of Gasconade County, Missouri, United States. It has been the county seat since 1842. It is near the center of the Missouri Rhineland and south of the Missouri River. The population was 2,185 at the 2020 census.

The city is the commercial center of the Hermann American Viticultural Area, whose seven wineries produce about one-third of the state's wine. Designated in 1983, it is one of the first federally recognized American Viticultural Areas. The designation recognized the renaissance of an area of vineyards and wineries established by German immigrants during the mid-19th century. Shut down by Prohibition, it began to revive in the 1960s.

Hermann holds a Maifest during the third weekend in May and an Oktoberfest the first four weekends in October. Hermann also calls itself the sausage-making capital of Missouri.

Hermann High School holds the state record for the most girls high school volleyball championships in Missouri.


Boat landing. Hermann, Missouri - NARA - 285926
Boat landing, showing boat unloading at elevator and freight house, circa 1920
120 Year Old Norton Cynthiana Grapevine
A bottle of Norton wine sits next to what is believed to be a 170-year-old Norton/Cynthiana grapevine cultivated by American wine legend George Hussman. The vines, which still produce grapes, are now part of OakGlenn Winery's vineyard.

The city was founded by the Deutsche Ansiedlungs-Gesellschaft zu Philadelphia (German Settlement Society of Philadelphia) in 1837. It was promoted by Gottfried Duden, who wrote about the area in his Bericht über eine Reise nach den westlichen Staaten Nord Amerikas (Report of a Journey to the Western States of Northern America). An early group of settlers were led by George Bayer and Edward Hermann, who bought the land and is considered by many to be the founder of the town. The town was platted after the society sold shares in the 11,300 acres (4,600 ha) of Gasconade River valley land it had purchased.

Hermannhof Winery
The Hermannhof Winery

The society had almost utopian goals of a "heart of German-America" where it could perpetuate traditional German culture and establish a self-supporting colony built around farming, commerce, and industry. The town is named after Hermann der Cherusker, a Germanic leader who defeated the Romans in the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest in the year 9. In 2009, Hermann celebrated the 2000th anniversary of the battle, in which the Germanic warrior Hermann defeated three Roman legions.

A bronze statue of the city's namesake was dedicated in the Hermann Park.

In the 1960s, people began to rebuild the wine industry in the Hermann area.

Today, the vineyards and wineries contribute to the agricultural and heritage tourism economies, with winery tours and wine tastings. Stone Hill Winery, the largest winemaking business in the state, and Hermannhof Winery are in the town. 2 miles (3.2 km) south of town off Missouri Highway 100 West is Adam Puchta Winery, the oldest continuously family-owned winery in the nation, under direct family ownership since 1855. Bias Vineyards is less than 8 miles (13 km) east near Berger on Missouri Highway 100. Also included in the Hermann AVA are Oakglenn Vineyards and Winery, 2.5 miles (4.0 km) east of Hermann; Bommarito Estate Almond Tree Winery; and Röbbler Vineyards and Winery near New Haven.

The Katy Trail, a 225-mile (362 km)-long bike path, passes through McKittrick, a town on the northern side of the Missouri River across from Hermann.

The Hermann Historic District, Kotthoff-Weeks Farm Complex, Old Stone Hill Historic District, William Poeschel House, The Rotunda, and Vallet-Danuser House are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 943
1860 1,103 17.0%
1870 1,335 21.0%
1880 1,314 −1.6%
1890 1,410 7.3%
1900 1,575 11.7%
1910 1,592 1.1%
1920 1,701 6.8%
1930 2,063 21.3%
1940 2,308 11.9%
1950 2,523 9.3%
1960 2,536 0.5%
1970 2,658 4.8%
1980 2,695 1.4%
1990 2,754 2.2%
2000 2,674 −2.9%
2010 2,431 −9.1%
2019 (est.) 2,342 −3.7%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 2,431 people, 1,047 households, and 614 families residing in the city. The population density was 960.9 inhabitants per square mile (371.0/km2). There were 1,291 housing units at an average density of 510.3 per square mile (197.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.0% White, 0.6% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.5% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.6% of the population.

There were 1,047 households, of which 25.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.3% were married couples living together, 9.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 41.4% were non-families. 37.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 20.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.93.

The median age in the city was 44.9 years. 21.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 21.8% were from 25 to 44; 25.4% were from 45 to 64; and 24.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.4% male and 52.6% female.


Public education in Hermann is administered by Gasconade County R-I School District, which operates two elementary schools, one middle school and Hermann High School.

Hermann has a lending library, a branch of the Scenic Regional Library system.

Notable people

  • Brock Olivo, former Missouri Tigers and Detroit Lions football player and Republican candidate for Missouri 9th congressional district in 2008
  • Ken Boyer, former St. Louis Cardinals third baseman and manager
  • Joe Hoerner, former Major League Baseball pitcher
  • Charles Radtke, furniture designer
  • Nathaniel Rateliff, singer and songwriter, Nathaniel Rateliff and the NightSweats
  • George J Husmann, "Father of the Missouri Grape Industry" and "a founding father of the American wine industry". Authored _The Cultivation of Native Grapes and Manufacture of American Wine_, which was published in 1866, and in 1869 he established The American Grape Grower, the only journal of its kind in the United States at the time.
  • Ashley Purdy, singer and bass player

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Hermann (Misuri) para niños

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