Gasconade County, Missouri facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Gasconade County, Missouri
Map
Map of Missouri highlighting Gasconade County
Location in the state of Missouri
Map of the USA highlighting Missouri
Missouri's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded November 25, 1820
Seat Hermann
Largest City Owensville
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

524 sq mi (1,357 km²)
518 sq mi (1,342 km²)
6.6 sq mi (17 km²), 1.3%
PopulationEst.
 - (2015)
 - Density

14,858
29/sq mi (11/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Named for: Gasconade River

Gasconade County is a county located in the east-central portion of the U.S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 census, the population was 15,222. The county seat is Hermann. The county was named after the Gasconade River.

The county is located on the south side of the Missouri River, which once served as the chief route of transportation in the state. It is located in the area known as the Missouri Rhineland. Because of its distinctive conditions, the Hermann area was designated an American Viticultural Area (AVA) in 1983. The southern part of the county is within the larger Ozark Highlands AVA, established in 1987.

Etymology

Gasconade County (and the Gasconade River) received its name from French-speaking settlers. They came from the Gascony region in southwestern France during French colonial rule of New France (Louisiana Territory).

The French colonial inhabitants of this region had the same boastful character as the inhabitants of Gascony in France, hence the name Gasconade, meaning 'Gascony-like.'

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 524 square miles (1,360 km2), of which 518 square miles (1,340 km2) is land and 6.6 square miles (17 km2) (1.3%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

  • US 50.svg U.S. Route 50
  • MO-19.svg Route 19
  • MO-28.svg Route 28
  • MO-100.svg Route 100

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 1,545
1840 5,330 245.0%
1850 4,996 −6.3%
1860 8,727 74.7%
1870 10,093 15.7%
1880 11,153 10.5%
1890 11,706 5.0%
1900 12,298 5.1%
1910 12,847 4.5%
1920 12,381 −3.6%
1930 12,172 −1.7%
1940 12,414 2.0%
1950 12,342 −0.6%
1960 12,195 −1.2%
1970 11,878 −2.6%
1980 13,181 11.0%
1990 14,006 6.3%
2000 15,342 9.5%
2010 15,222 −0.8%
Est. 2015 14,858 −2.4%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2015

As of the census of 2000, there were 15,342 people, 6,171 households, and 4,288 families residing in the county. The population density was 30 people per square mile (11/km²). There were 7,813 housing units at an average density of 15 per square mile (6/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.69% White, 0.12% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.16% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.14% from other races, and 0.70% from two or more races. Approximately 0.42% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 6,171 households out of which 31.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.00% were married couples living together, 7.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.50% were non-families. 27.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.80% under the age of 18, 6.90% from 18 to 24, 25.90% from 25 to 44, 23.70% from 45 to 64, and 18.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 94.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $35,047, and the median income for a family was $41,518. Males had a median income of $29,659 versus $20,728 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,319. About 7.00% of families and 9.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.20% of those under age 18 and 10.00% of those age 65 or over.

Communities


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