Izu Province facts for kids

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Provinces of Japan-Izu
Map of Japanese provinces (1868) with Izu Province highlighted

Izu Province (伊豆国 Izu-no kuni) was an old province of Japan in the area of Shizuoka Prefecture on the island of on Honshū. It was also known as Zushū (豆州).

Izu had borders with Sagami and Suruga Provinces.

History

Shimoda 1856
View of Izu Province, lithograph by Wilhelm Heine, 1856
14 Izu n
Hiroshige ukiyo-e "Izu" in "The Famous Scenes of the Sixty States" (六十余州名所図会), depicting Shuzen-ji

During the Edo period, the Tōkaidō road passed through northern Izu. Travelers from Edo to Kyoto stopped at the post town (shuku-eki) at Mishima.

In the 1850s, Shimoda was opened to American trade. The first American Consulate in Japan was opened at the temple of Gyokusen-ji in Shimoda.

In the Meiji period, the provinces of Japan were converted into prefectures. The maps of Japan and Izu Province were reformed in the 1870s.

The Izu Peninsula is today the eastern portion of Shizuoka Prefecture. The Izu Islands are considered part of Tokyo.

Shrines and Temples

Mishima taisha was the chief Shinto shrine (ichinomiya) of Izu.

Related pages


Izu Province Facts for Kids. Homework Help - Kiddle Encyclopedia.