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Jackson, Wyoming
Jackson viewed from Snow King Mountain in June 2007
Jackson viewed from Snow King Mountain in June 2007
Jackson Hole, The Hole, JH
Location of Jackson in Teton County, Wyoming
Location of Jackson in Teton County, Wyoming
Jackson, Wyoming is located in Wyoming
Jackson, Wyoming
Jackson, Wyoming
Location in Wyoming
Country United States
State Wyoming
County Teton
Incorporated 1914
 • Type Council-Mayor
 • Town 2.99 sq mi (7.74 km2)
 • Land 2.96 sq mi (7.66 km2)
 • Water 0.03 sq mi (0.08 km2)
6,237 ft (1,901 m)
 • Town 10,760
 • Density 3,598.67/sq mi (1,390.18/km2)
 • Metro
Time zone UTC−7 (Mountain (MST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC−6 (MDT)
ZIP codes

83001 83014 83025 83013 83012 83414

Area code(s) 307
FIPS code 56-40120
GNIS feature ID 1604404

Jackson is a town in the Jackson Hole valley of Teton County, Wyoming, United States. The population was 10,760 at the 2020 census, up from 9,577 in 2010. It is the largest town in Teton County and its county seat. Jackson is the principal town of the Jackson, WY-ID Micropolitan Statistical Area, which includes Teton County in Wyoming and Teton County in Idaho. The town, often mistakenly called Jackson Hole, derives its name from the valley in which it is located. Jackson is a popular tourist destination due to its proximity to the ski resorts Jackson Hole Mountain, Snow King Mountain, and Grand Targhee, as well as Grand Teton National Park and Yellowstone National Park.


Jackson wy
One of the large arches
of shed elk antlers

As of the 2010 Census, The main industries which provide employment are: Arts, entertainment, recreation, accommodation and food services (32.2%), construction (8.7%), retail trade (12.4%), educational services, health care and social assistance (11.9%), and professional, scientific, and management, and administrative and waste management services (11.8%).

A strong local economy, primarily due to tourism, has allowed Jackson to develop a large shopping and eating district, centered on the town square.

Points of interest

Jackson, Wyoming is a very popular tourist town bringing in tourists from all over the country.

  • Grand Teton National Park: A national park that includes the Teton Mountain Range, this National park is roughly 310,000 acres. The park brings in more than two million recreational tourists each year. The Grand Teton National Park is roughly 5 miles away from Jackson.
  • Yellowstone National Park: Yellowstone extends through Wyoming, Idaho, and Montana. This Park was the first national park in the country, and brings in roughly four million visitors each year. This park is less than 200 miles away from Jackson.
  • National Elk Refuge: The refuge was created to shelter the largest elk herd in the countries and borders the town of Jackson. Throughout the winter visitors can go on horse-drawn sleigh rides to view the herd.
  • Jackson Hole Mountain Resort: The resort opened in 1966, 12 miles north of Jackson. It has abundant steep terrain and has one of the highest vertical drops in North America, at 4,139 feet (1,262 m).
  • Snow King Mountain Resort: The first ski resort in Jackson and is significantly cheaper than Jackson Hole Mountain Resort. Even though Snow King is cheaper it is still quite a challenging hill. This resort is located on the Southeast edge of town.
  • Grand Targhee Resort: About an hour away, 42 miles, on the west side of the Teton Range in Alta, opened in 1969, it is accessed through Idaho over Teton Pass.
  • National Museum of Wildlife Art: Overlooking the National Elk Refuge is the National Museum of Wildlife Art, this museum shows and preserves many wildlife artworks. Along with pieces inside of the museum, there is a ¾ mile trail with many sculptures along it.
  • Grand Teton Music Festival: This is a seven-week classical music festival held every summer in the town of Jackson.
  • Center for the Arts: The center was founded in 1991 to help support an artist culture within the town.


Jackson Hole was originally populated by Native American tribes including the Shoshoni, Crow, Blackfeet, Bannock, and Gros Ventre. John Colter entered Jackson Hole during the winter of 1807/1808 during the return journey of the Lewis & Clark expedition. The area became a prime area for trappers and many famous mountain men traveled through the area in the early 1800s. These mountain men are responsible for many of the names in the valley including Bridger, Jedediah Smith, and Sublette. David Jackson gave his name to the valley after a winter spent on the shores of Jackson Lake.

As part of the Hayden Expedition of 1871 and 1872, William Henry Jackson took the first photographs of the Teton Mountains and Yellowstone. His photographs, along with the sketches by Tom Moran, were important evidence to convince Congress to protect Yellowstone National Park. Yellowstone National Park became the first National Park in 1872. Grand Teton National Park was created in 1929 and greatly expanded in 1950 through the generous efforts of John D. Rockefeller, Jr., who purchased and then donated over 30,000 acres.

The Town of Jackson was named in 1894. Some of the early buildings remain and can be found throughout the area of the Town Square. The Town of Jackson elected the first all-woman city government (including town council and mayor, who in turn appointed women to town marshall, town clerk and treasurer) in 1920.

The first ski rope tow was built at Teton Pass in 1937 and Snow King Resort was established in 1930. Teton County now has three excellent ski areas including Jackson Hole Mountain Resort in Teton Village, Grand Targhee Ski and Summer Resort located on the West slope of the Tetons, and Snow King Resort.

The Town of Jackson is the county seat of Teton County and the only incorporated municipality in the region. Less than 3% of land in Teton County is privately owned. 97% of the 2,697,000 acres in Teton County are federally or state owned/managed.

In 2009, the Town of Jackson was designated as a Preserve America Community. This designation recognizes that, as a community, the town protects and celebrates its heritage, uses historic assets for economic development and encourages people to experience and appreciate local historic resources.

In September 2016, the town became viral from the ongoing live stream on the YouTube video consisting of various views of the town, especially the one facing the town square. Many comments were made from different users, particularly whenever a red truck is seen on camera.


Jackson is located at 43°28′31″N 110°46′9″W / 43.47528°N 110.76917°W / 43.47528; -110.76917 (43.475, −110.769), at an elevation of 6,237 feet (1,901 m) above sea level. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 2.95 square miles (7.64 km2), of which 2.91 square miles (7.54 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) is water.

Jackson is surrounded by the Teton and Gros Ventre mountain ranges. The Teton Range is commonly associated with Jackson Hole and is a popular sightseeing attraction for many visitors. The Gros Ventre Range contrastingly is geologically older than the Tetons and has a much broader width, which encompasses huge expanses of wilderness and is not as easily accessible.

Soils at Jackson Hole are mostly dark, excessively drained, moderately alkaline gravelly loam of the Greyback series.

Flat Creek, a tributary of the Snake River, runs through town.


Jackson experiences a humid continental climate (Köppen Dfb). Due to its location in a humid microclimate, Jackson and the rest of the Snake headwaters get considerably more precipitation – much of it snow – than the majority of Wyoming. Its elevation is also responsible for extreme differences between day and night temperatures. Extreme temperatures range from −50 °F or −45.6 °C on January 1, 1979, to 98 °F or 36.7 °C on August 19, 1981, and on average 249.7 mornings fall below freezing and 41.2 of these below 0 °F or −17.8 °C; the average window for zero temperatures is from November 19 to March 12 and freezes can occur in any month.

Snowfall averages 71.4 inches or 1.81 metres with a median of 62.7 inches or 1.59 metres. The highest monthly total has been 56.0 inches (1.42 m) in January 1969, and the most in one season being 153.3 inches (3.89 m) between July 1966 and June 1967.

Climate data for Jackson, Wyoming
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 55
Average high °F (°C) 28.2
Average low °F (°C) 5.0
Record low °F (°C) −50
Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.39
Average snowfall inches (cm) 15.9
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 11.3 8.0 8.8 7.6 10.9 8.9 7.5 8.7 8.0 7.8 10.2 10.8 108.5
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 9.6 5.9 5.0 1.8 .3 .2 0 0 0 .7 5.9 9.5 38.9
Source 1: NOAA (normals, 1971−2000)
Source 2: The Weather Channel (Records)


Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 59
1910 264 347.5%
1920 307 16.3%
1930 533 73.6%
1940 1,046 96.2%
1950 1,244 18.9%
1960 1,437 15.5%
1970 2,688 87.1%
1980 4,511 67.8%
1990 4,472 −0.9%
2000 8,647 93.4%
2010 9,577 10.8%
2019 (est.) 10,559 10.3%

As of 2000 the median income for a household in the town was $59,605, and the median income for a family was $69,432. Male full-time, year-round workers had a median income of $35,892 versus $29,175 for females. The per capita income for the town was $27,066. About 4.2% of families and 6.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.7% of those under age 18.

Teton Theater, Jackson Wyoming
Teton Theater

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 9,577 people, 3,964 households, and 1,858 families residing in the town. The population density was 3,291.1 inhabitants per square mile (1,270.7/km2). There were 4,736 housing units at an average density of 1,627.5 per square mile (628.4/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 79.8% White, 0.4% African American, 0.8% Native American, 1.4% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 15.2% from other races, and 2.3% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 27.2% of the population.

There were 3,964 households, of which 24.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.2% were married couples living together, 6.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 53.1% were non-families. 31.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.04.

The median age in the town was 31.9 years. 18% of residents were under the age of 18; 11.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 43.8% were from 25 to 44; 20.5% were from 45 to 64; and 6.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 54.1% male and 45.9% female.


Jackson lies at the junction of US 26/US 89/US 189/US 191 and Wyoming Highway 22 (the Teton Pass Highway).

The town is served by Jackson Hole Airport, the busiest airport in the state of Wyoming. A public bus system ("The START Bus", or Southern Teton Area Rapid Transit) services the town of Jackson, the route to Teton Village, and adjacent communities in Star Valley, Wyoming and Teton Valley, Idaho. There are also airport buses to Salt Lake City, and places in between.

Jackson Hole Economic Policy Symposium

Since 1978, the Kansas City Federal Reserve Bank has held an annual economic summit at Jackson (Hole) that is globally known as the Jackson Hole Economic Summit or officially as the "Jackson Hole Economic Policy Symposium". Attendees include prominent central bankers, finance ministers and academics from around the World.


Public education in the town of Jackson is provided by Teton County School District #1. Schools serving the town include Jackson Elementary School (grades K–5), Colter Elementary School (grades K–5), Munger Mountain Elementary, Jackson Hole Middle School (grades 6–8), Jackson Hole High School, Summit Innovations High School, the Jackson Hole Classical Academy (grades K–10), Jackson Hole Community School and the Journeys School.

Jackson has a public library, a branch of the Teton County Library. The 1938 Teton County Library, which is a rustic log cabin, is on the National Register of Historic Places. The building now houses the Huff Memorial Library.

Notable people

  • Tom Chrystie (1933–2013), banker who served as the first Chief Financial Officer of Merrill Lynch & Company and industry pioneer who created the Cash Management Account
  • Harrison Ford (born 1942), actor
  • Clifford Hansen (1912–2009), 26th Governor of Wyoming
  • Mary Mead (1935–1996), rancher, businesswoman, politician
  • Matt Mead (born 1962), attorney, businessman, politician
  • Lyle Waggoner (1935–2020), actor, sculptor, presenter, travel trailer salesman, model; known for his work on The Carol Burnett Show
  • Christy Walton (born 1949), widow of John T. Walton, one of the sons of Sam Walton, the founder of Walmart
  • John Franklyn Mars (born 1935), businessman and heir to the Mars candy company fortune
  • Aaron Linsdau (born 1973), adventurer living in Jackson, Wyoming; known for the longest solo expedition from Hercules Inlet to the South Pole
  • Affie Ellis (c. 1980), politician who served in the Wyoming Senate from the 8th district as a member of the Republican Party
  • Sandra Bullock (born 1964), actress
  • Travis Rice (born 1982), professional snowboarder
  • Jimmy Chin (born 1973), professional climber, photographer, and Academy Award-winning film director; directed, alongside his wife, E. Chai Vasarhelyi, Free Solo

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Jackson (Wyoming) para niños

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