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Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot
Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot c1850.png
Portrait of Corot circa 1850
Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot

(1796-07-16)July 16, 1796
Died February 22, 1875(1875-02-22) (aged 78)
Nationality French
Known for Painting, printmaking
Movement Realism, Romanticism

Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot 16 July 1796 – 22 February 1875) was a French landscape and portrait painter as well as a printmaker in etching.

Art and technique

Jean-BaptisteCamilleCorot 1873 SmyrneBournabat
Bornova, İzmir, 1873

Corot is a pivotal figure in landscape painting. His work simultaneously references the Neo-Classical tradition and anticipates the plein-air innovations of Impressionism (painting outside in front of the scenery). Claude Monet exclaimed in 1897, "There is only one master here—Corot. We are nothing compared to him, nothing." His contributions to figure painting are hardly less important; Degas preferred his figures to his landscapes, and the classical figures of Picasso pay overt homage to Corot's influence.

Though often credited as a precursor of Impressionist practice, Corot approached his landscapes more traditionally than is usually believed. Compared to the Impressionists who came later, Corot's palette is restrained, dominated with browns and blacks ("forbidden colors" among the Impressionists), along with dark and silvery green.

In addition to his landscapes (so popular was the late style that there exist numerous forgeries), Corot produced a number of prized figure pictures. While the subjects were sometimes placed in pastoral settings, these were mostly studio pieces, drawn from the live model.

Corot also executed many etchings and pencil sketches. Some of the sketches used a system of visual symbols—circles representing areas of light and squares representing shadow. He also experimented with the cliché verre process—a hybrid of photography and engraving. Starting in the 1830s, Corot also painted decorative panels and walls in the homes of friends, aided by his students. The works of Corot are housed in museums in France and the Netherlands, Britain, North America and Russia

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