Jefferson County, Mississippi facts for kids
Quick facts for kids
Historic Christ Church, Church Hill, Mississippi.
Location within the U.S. state of Mississippi
Mississippi's location within the U.S.
|Named for||Thomas Jefferson|
|• Total||527 sq mi (1,360 km2)|
|• Land||520 sq mi (1,300 km2)|
|• Water||7.3 sq mi (19 km2) 1.4%|
| • Estimate
|• Density||14.660/sq mi (5.660/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (Central)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
Jefferson County is a county located in the U.S. state of Mississippi; its western border is formed by the Mississippi River. As of the 2010 census, the population was 7,726, making it the third-least populous county in Mississippi. Its county seat is Fayette. The county is named for U.S. President Thomas Jefferson.
Originally developed as cotton plantations in the antebellum era, the rural county has struggled with a declining economy and reduced population since the mechanization of agriculture and urbanization of other areas. In 2018 its estimated population of 7,106 was roughly one-third of the population peak in 1900. Within the United States, in 2009 rural Jefferson County had the highest percentage of African-Americans of any county. It was the fourth-poorest county in the nation.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 527 square miles (1,360 km2), of which 520 square miles (1,300 km2) is land and 7.3 square miles (19 km2) (1.4%) is water.
- Claiborne County (north)
- Copiah County (northeast)
- Lincoln County (southeast)
- Franklin County (south)
- Adams County (southwest)
- Tensas Parish, Louisiana (west)
National protected areas
- Homochitto National Forest (part)
- Natchez Trace Parkway (part)
|U.S. Decennial Census
|Black or African American||6,138||84.55%|
|Hispanic or Latino||74||1.02%|
As of the 2020 United States Census, there were 7,260 people, 2,448 households, and 1,488 families residing in the county.
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 7,726 people living in the county. 85.7% were Black or African American, 13.7% White, 0.2% Native American and 0.3% of two or more races. 0.4% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).
- Fayette (county seat)
Ghost towns or defunct
- Gum Ridge
- Old Greenville, original county seat (c 1799–1825); on the Natchez Trace
- Selsertown, another Natchez Trace town
Jefferson County School District operates public schools.
- Abijah Hunt, merchant who lived in Old Greenville during the Territorial Period, and owned a chain of stores and public cotton gins along the Natchez Trace
- David Hunt, Antebellum planter who lived on Woodlawn Plantation in Jefferson County, and became one of 12 planter millionaires in the Natchez District before the American Civil War.
- Zachary Taylor, U.S. president, planter, and soldier who often stayed on his plantation, Cypress Grove in Jefferson County, between 1840 and 1848.
Jefferson County, Mississippi Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.