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John Hughes
John Hughes Home Alone 2.jpg
Hughes at the premiere of Home Alone 2: Lost in New York in 1992
John Wilden Hughes, Jr.

(1950-02-18)February 18, 1950
Died August 6, 2009(2009-08-06) (aged 59)
Resting place Lake Forest Cemetery
Other names Edmond Dantes
Occupation Filmmaker
Years active 1970–2009
Nancy Ludwig
(m. 1970)
Children John Hughes III
James Hughes

John Wilden Hughes Jr. (February 18, 1950 – August 6, 2009) was an American filmmaker. Beginning as an author of humorous essays and stories for National Lampoon, he went on to write and direct some of the most successful comedy films of the 1980s and early 1990s including the comedy National Lampoon's Vacation (1983) and the sequels National Lampoon’s European Vacation (1985) and National Lampoon's Christmas Vacation (1989), the fish-out-of-water comedy Mr. Mom (1983), the coming-of-age comedy Sixteen Candles (1984), the teen sci-fi comedy Weird Science (1985), the coming-of-age comedy-drama The Breakfast Club (1985), the coming-of-age comedy Ferris Bueller's Day Off (1986), the romantic comedy-drama Pretty in Pink (1986), the romance Some Kind of Wonderful (1987), the comedies Planes, Trains and Automobiles (1987), She's Having a Baby (1988), Uncle Buck (1989), the slapstick comedy Baby's Day Out (1994), the family film Beethoven (co-written under a pseudonym with Amy Holden-Jones) and the Christmas family slapstick comedy Home Alone and its sequels Home Alone 2: Lost in New York and Home Alone 3.

His work in this mode has often been criticized for being cliched and lazy, not up to the standard of his previous films. Most have been popular with audiences, however; even Baby's Day Out, a box office bomb in the US, was a hit in South Asian countries, inspiring a franchise made for those markets.

Many of Hughes' films have been set in the Chicago metropolitan area. He is perhaps most famous today for his coming-of-age teen comedies, which often combined magic realism with honest depictions of small-town teenage life. Many of his most enduring characters from these years were written for Molly Ringwald, who was Hughes' muse. While out on a walk one summer morning in New York, Hughes suffered a fatal heart attack and was pronounced dead at the hospital. His legacy after his death was honored by many, and he was even honored at the 82nd Academy Awards by actors with whom he had worked, like Matthew Broderick, Molly Ringwald, Anthony Michael Hall, Macaulay Culkin, and several others. Actors whose careers Hughes helped launch include Michael Keaton, Anthony Michael Hall, Bill Paxton, Matthew Broderick, Macaulay Culkin, and the members of the Brat Pack.

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