Joseph Brodsky facts for kids

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Joseph Brodsky
Brodsky in 1988
Born Iosif Aleksandrovich Brodsky
(1940-05-24)24 May 1940
Leningrad, RSFSR, Soviet Union
Died 28 January 1996(1996-01-28) (aged 55)
New York City, New York, U.S.
Resting place Isola di San Michele, Venice, Veneto, Italy
Occupation Poet, essayist
Language Russian (poetry), English (prose)
Citizenship  Soviet Union
(1940–72)
Stateless
(1972–77)
 United States
(1977–96)
Notable work(s) Gorbunov and Gorchakov (1970)
Less Than One: Selected Essays (1986)
Notable award(s) Nobel Prize in Literature (1987)
Struga Poetry Evenings Golden Wreath Award (1991)
Spouse(s)
Maria Sozzani (m. 1990)
Partner(s) Marina Basmanova (1962–1967)
Children 2

Iosif Aleksandrovich Brodsky (24 May 1940 – 28 January 1996) was a Russian-born American poet and essayist.

Born in Leningrad in 1940, Brodsky ran afoul of Soviet authorities and was expelled ("strongly advised" to emigrate) from the Soviet Union in 1972, settling in the United States with the help of W. H. Auden and other supporters. He taught thereafter at Mount Holyoke College, and at universities including Yale, Columbia, Cambridge and Michigan.

Brodsky was awarded the 1987 Nobel Prize in Literature "for an all-embracing authorship, imbued with clarity of thought and poetic intensity". He was appointed United States Poet Laureate in 1991.

Awards and honors

  • 1978 – Honorary degree of Doctor of Letters, Yale University
  • 1979 – Fellowship of American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters
  • 1981 – John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation award
  • 1986 – Honorary doctorate of literature from Oxford University
  • The International Center in New York's Award of Excellence
  • 1986 – National Book Critics Award for Criticism, for Less Than One (essay collection)
  • 1987 – Nobel Prize
  • 1989 – Honorary doctorate from the University of Essex
  • 1989 – Honorary degree from Dartmouth College
  • 1991 – honorary doctorate from the Faculty of Humanities at Uppsala University, Sweden
  • 1991 – United States Poet Laureate
  • 1991 – Struga Poetry Evenings Golden Wreath Award
  • 1993 – Honorary degree from the University of Silesia in Poland
  • Honorary member of the International Academy of Science

Death

Brodsky died of a heart attack aged 55, at his apartment in Brooklyn Heights, a neighborhood of Brooklyn borough of New York City, on January 28, 1996. He had had open-heart surgery in 1979 and later two bypass operations, remaining in frail health since that time. He was buried in a non-Catholic section of the Isola di San Michele cemetery in Venice, Italy, also the resting place of Ezra Pound and Igor Stravinsky. In 1997, a plaque was placed on his house in St Petersburg with his portrait, and the words "In this house from 1940 to 1972 lived the great Russian poet Iosif Aleksandrovich Brodsky".

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