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Judy Collins
Judy Collins by Bryan Ledgard 2 (cropped).jpg
Collins at the Cambridge Folk Festival, 2008
Background information
Birth name Judith Marjorie Collins
Born (1939-05-01) May 1, 1939 (age 84)
Seattle, Washington, U.S.
Origin Denver, Colorado, U.S.
Genres
Occupation(s)
  • Singer
  • songwriter
  • musician
Instruments
  • Vocals
  • piano
  • guitar
Years active 1959–present
Labels
Associated acts

Judith Marjorie Collins (born May 1, 1939) is an American singer-songwriter and musician with a career spanning seven decades. An Academy Award-nominated documentary director and a Grammy Award-winning recording artist, she is known for her eclectic tastes in the material she records (which has included folk music, country, show tunes, pop music, rock and roll and standards), for her social activism, and for the clarity of her voice. Her discography consists of 36 studio albums, nine live albums, numerous compilation albums, four holiday albums, and 21 singles.

Collins' debut album, A Maid of Constant Sorrow, was released in 1961 and consisted of traditional folk songs. She had her first charting single with "Hard Lovin' Loser" (No. 97) from her 1966 album In My Life, but it was the lead single from her 1967 album Wildflowers, "Both Sides, Now" – written by Joni Mitchell – that gave her international prominence. The single reached No. 8 on the Billboard Pop Singles chart and won Collins her first Grammy Award for Best Folk Performance. She enjoyed further success with her recordings of "Someday Soon", "Chelsea Morning" (also written by Mitchell), "Amazing Grace", "Turn! Turn! Turn!", and "Cook with Honey".

Collins experienced the biggest success of her career with her recording of Stephen Sondheim's "Send in the Clowns" from her 1975 album Judith. The single peaked at No. 36 on the Billboard Pop Singles chart in 1975 and then again in 1977 at No. 19, spending 27 non-consecutive weeks on the chart and earning her a Grammy Award nomination for Best Pop Vocal Performance, Female, as well as a Grammy Award for Sondheim for Song of the Year. Judith would also become her best-selling studio album; it was certified Gold by the RIAA in 1975 for sales of over 500,000 copies and Platinum in 1996 for sales of over 1,000,000 copies.

In 2017, Collins's rendition of the song "Amazing Grace" was selected for preservation in the National Recording Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically, or artistically significant". That same year, she received a Grammy Award nomination for Best Folk Album for Silver Skies Blue with Ari Hest. In 2019 at the age of 80, she scored her first No. 1 album on an American Billboard Chart with Winter Stories, a duet album with Jonas Fjeld featuring Chatham County Line. In 2022, she released her first album of all original material, entitled Spellbound.

Early life

Collins was born the eldest of five siblings in Seattle, Washington, where she spent the first ten years of her life. Her father, a blind singer, pianist and radio show host, took a job in Denver, Colorado, in 1949, and the family moved there. Her grandfather was Irish.

Collins contracted polio at the age of eleven and spent two months in isolation in a hospital.

Career

Beginnings

Judy Collins Hootenanny 1963
Collins during a 1963 appearance on Hootenanny

Collins studied classical piano with Antonia Brico, making her public debut at age 13 performing Mozart's Concerto for Two Pianos. Brico took a dim view of her developing interest in folk music, which led her to the difficult decision to discontinue her piano lessons. Years later, after she became known internationally, she invited Brico to one of her concerts in Denver. When they met after the performance, Brico took both of Collins' hands into hers, looked wistfully at her fingers and said, "Little Judy—you really could have gone places." Still later, she discovered that Brico herself had made a living when she was younger playing jazz and ragtime piano (Singing Lessons, pp. 71–72). In her early life, she met many professional musicians through her father.

It was the music of Woody Guthrie and Pete Seeger and the traditional songs of the folk revival of the early 1960s, however, that kindled Collins' interest and awoke in her a love of lyrics. Three years after her debut as a piano prodigy, she was playing guitar. Her first public appearances as a folk artist after her graduation from Denver's East High School were at Michael's Pub in Boulder, Colorado and the folk club Exodus in Denver. Her music became popular at the University of Connecticut, where her husband taught. She performed at parties and for the campus radio station along with David Grisman and Tom Azarian.

1960s

Collins eventually made her way to Greenwich Village, New York City, where she played in clubs like Gerde's Folk City until she signed with Elektra Records, a label she was associated with for 35 years. In 1961, she released her first album, A Maid of Constant Sorrow, at age 22.

At first, Collins sang traditional folk songs or songs written by others – in particular the protest songwriters of the time, such as Tom Paxton, Phil Ochs, and Bob Dylan. She recorded her own versions of important songs from the period, such as Dylan's "Mr. Tambourine Man" and Pete Seeger's "Turn, Turn, Turn". She was also instrumental in bringing little-known musicians to a wider public. For example, she recorded songs by Canadian poet Leonard Cohen, who became a close friend over the years. She also recorded songs by singer-songwriters such as Eric Andersen, Fred Neil, Ian Tyson, Joni Mitchell, Randy Newman, Robin Williamson, and Richard Fariña long before they gained national acclaim.

JodyCollins-Oct1965
Judy Collins in 1965

Collins' first few albums consisted of straightforward guitar-based folk songs, but in 1966 with In My Life, she began branching out to include works from such diverse sources as the Beatles, Leonard Cohen, Jacques Brel, and Kurt Weill. Mark Abramson produced and Joshua Rifkin arranged the album, adding lush orchestration to many of the numbers. The album was a major departure for a folk artist and set the course for Collins' subsequent work over the next decade.

With her 1967 album Wildflowers, also produced by Abramson and arranged by Rifkin, Collins began to record her own compositions, beginning with "Since You Asked". The album also provided her with a major hit and a Grammy award in Mitchell's "Both Sides, Now", which in December 1968 reached No. 8 on the Billboard Hot 100, later (February 1970) reaching No. 14 on the UK singles chart.

Collins' 1968 album Who Knows Where the Time Goes was produced by David Anderle, and featured back-up guitar by Stephen Stills (of Crosby, Stills & Nash), with whom she was romantically involved at the time. (She was the inspiration for Stills's CSN classic "Suite: Judy Blue Eyes".) Time Goes had a mellow country sound and included Ian Tyson's "Someday Soon" and the title track, written by the UK singer-songwriter Sandy Denny. The album also featured Collins' composition "My Father" and one of the first covers of Leonard Cohen's "Bird on the Wire".

Judy Collins solo performance 1967
Collins performing on The Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour, 1968

Two of Collins' songs ("Who Knows Where The Time Goes" composed by Sandy Denny and "Albatross") were featured in the 1968 film The Subject Was Roses.

1970s

By the 1970s, Collins had a solid reputation as an art song singer and folksinger and had begun to stand out for her own compositions. She was also known for her broad range of material: her songs from this period include the traditional Christian hymn "Amazing Grace", the Stephen Sondheim Broadway ballad "Send in the Clowns" (both of which were top 20 hits as singles in both the U.S. and the U.K.), a recording of Joan Baez's "A Song for David", and her own compositions, such as "Born to the Breed".

In 1971, Collins issued her second concert album, Living, and the compilation Colors of the Day: The Best of Judy Collins followed a year later. 1973's True Stories and Other Dreams found her in a contemplative mood, featuring an original song about a friend who took his own life ("Song for Martin") and another about the life of Che Guevara ("Che"). For 1975's Judith, she collaborated with producer Arif Mardin, who gave the album a sophisticated sound. Judith produced her biggest hit single with her mournful version of Stephen Sondheim's "Send in the Clowns", and it would become her best-selling record, eventually going platinum.

As Collins stepped up to a higher level of stardom, the longtime activist put political themes at the forefront of 1976's Bread and Roses. Political statements like the title song, originally a poem by James Oppenheim commonly associated with a 1912 garment workers strike in Lawrence, Massachusetts, were balanced with such pop compositions as Elton John's "Come Down in Time", but the album failed to achieve the commercial success of Judith. Following the release of the album, Collins underwent treatment for damaged vocal cords. 1977's So Early in the Spring...The First 15 Years sold modestly.

Zangeres Judy Collins in Hiltonhotel Amsterdam, Judy Collins, Bestanddeelnr 925-1517
Collins in Hiltonhotel Amsterdam, 1971

Collins guest starred on The Muppet Show in an episode broadcast in January 1978, singing "Leather-Winged Bat", "I Know An Old Lady who Swallowed a Fly", "Do Re Mi", and "Send in the Clowns". She also appeared several times on Sesame Street, where she performed "Fishermen's Song" with a chorus of Anything Muppet fishermen, sang a trio with Biff and Sully using the word "yes", and even starred in a modern musical fairy tale skit called "The Sad Princess". In 1979, she returned to music with Hard Times for Lovers, a pop-oriented album in the same vein as Judith.

1980s

Running for My Life (1980) and Time of Our Lives (1982) were well-crafted exercises in adult pop and soft rock, but as tastes changed, Collins' sales were on the decline. Home Again (1984) found her exploring some new musical avenues, including a synth-based cover of Yaz's "Only You" and a duet with country star T.G. Sheppard on the title cut. While the "Home Again" single was a minor hit, the album was not, and after 23 years, Collins and Elektra parted ways. She performed the music for the 1983 animated special The Magic of Herself the Elf, as well as the theme song of the Rankin-Bass TV movie The Wind in the Willows.

Judy Collins
Judy Collins at a book signing, 1995

Collins traveled to England in 1985 and struck a one-off deal with Telstar Records to record the album Amazing Grace, in which she re-recorded several of her better-known songs with an inspirational bent. In 1987, she signed with the independent Gold Castle label, and her first album for them, Trust Your Heart, which collected seven tracks from Amazing Grace and added three new selections. That same year, she released her first memoir, Trust Your Heart.

In 1989, Collins released two albums: a live disc titled Sanity and Grace, and a collaboration with clarinetist Richard Stoltzman, Innervoices.

1990s

In 1990, Collins released the album Fires of Eden on Columbia Records. The album spawned one single – "Fires of Eden", written by Kit Hain and Mark Goldenberg. The single peaked at No. 31 on Billboard's Adult Contemporary chart. At the time of its release, Collins performed it live on several occasions, including on The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson and The Joan Rivers Show. A music video promoting it and featuring her was also released. Later, Cher recorded "Fires of Eden" for her 1991 album Love Hurts. Other songs from Fires of Eden include "The Blizzard", "Home Before Dark", and a cover of The Hollies song – "The Air That I Breathe". That same year saw the release of a pair of children's albums, Baby's Morningtime and Baby's Bedtime. Collins performed at President Bill Clinton's first inauguration in 1993, singing "Amazing Grace" and "Chelsea Morning". (The Clintons have stated that they named their daughter, Chelsea, after her recording of the song.)

For her next album, Collins turned to a project that was both personal and familiar, a set of Bob Dylan covers titled Judy Collins Sings Dylan: Just Like a Woman. Released in 1993, the album was a commercial success and reminded fans she was still active and in fine voice. In 1994, she issued her first Christmas album, Come Rejoice! A Judy Collins Christmas. It would prove to be the first in a series, with other holiday releases soon following, the first being the live album Christmas at the Biltmore Estate in 1997, followed by All on a Wintry Night in 2000. Collins combined her interests in music and literature for her next project. In 1995, she published a novel, Shameless, that took place against the backdrop of the music business; she also released an album of the same name that served as the soundtrack.

In 1998, Collins published her third book, Singing Lessons: A Memoir of Love, Loss, Hope and Healing, which focused on her struggles with depression, and the emotional trauma of her son's death. In 1999, she released Classic Broadway, a collection of vintage show tunes. That same year, she and her manager Katherine DePaul founded Wildflower Records.

2000s–2020s

Judy Collins by Bryan Ledgard 1
Collins at the Cambridge Folk Festival, 2008

Collins maintained a busy release schedule via Wildflower, issuing numerous live albums and reissues as well as new material such as 2005's Portrait of an American Girl, 2010's Paradise, and 2011's Bohemian, all of which focused on her continued strength as an interpretive vocalist. In 2006, she sang "This Little Light of Mine" in a commercial for Eliot Spitzer. In 2007, she released her own covers collection of Beatles songs, entitled Judy Collins Sings Lennon and McCartney. Various artists, including Shawn Colvin, Rufus Wainwright, and Chrissie Hynde, covered Collins's compositions for the tribute album Born to the Breed in 2008. In the same year, she received an honorary doctorate from Pratt Institute. The tribute albums Tom Thumb's Blues: A Tribute to Judy Collins and Born To the Breed: A Tribute to Judy Collins appeared in 2000 and 2008, respectively.

In 2010, Collins sang "The Weight of the World" at the Newport Folk Festival, a song by Amy Speace. Another memoir from Collins, Sweet Judy Blue Eyes: My Life in Music, appeared the following year and put its focus on her career as an artist. In July 2012, she appeared as a guest artist on the Australian SBS television programme RocKwiz. She paid homage to some of her favorite songwriters as well as her favorite vocalists with the 2015 album Strangers Again, which featured duets with Willie Nelson, Jackson Browne, Jeff Bridges, and Glen Hansard. The album also included a track with singer and songwriter Ari Hest. Collins and Hest joined forces again in 2016 for a full album titled Silver Skies Blue, which later earned them a Grammy Award nomination for Best Folk Album.

In 2017, Collins returned to the work of the songwriter who gave her "Send in the Clowns" with A Love Letter to Stephen Sondheim, and the same year, she and her longtime friend, Stephen Stills, collaborated on an album, Everybody Knows. In addition to the two albums, she bared her soul in another book, Cravings: How I Conquered Food, where she opened up about her difficult relationship with food and her years of dealing with eating disorders. In 2019, she released the album Winter Stories, a collaboration with Norwegian singer Jonas Fjeld and the North Carolina country-folk quartet Chatham County Line. In 2022, she released her first album of all original material, entitled Spellbound.

Collins joined the judging panel for the 7th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th, 13th and 14th Annual Independent Music Awards.

Activism

Like many other folk singers of her generation, Collins was drawn to social activism. Her political idealism also led her to compose a ballad entitled "Che" in honor of the 1960s Marxist icon Che Guevara.

Collins sympathized with the Yippie movement and was friendly with its leaders, Abbie Hoffman and Jerry Rubin. On March 17, 1968, she attended Hoffman's press conference at the Americana Hotel in New York to announce the party's formation. In 1969, she testified in Chicago in support of the Chicago Seven; during her testimony, she began singing Pete Seeger's "Where Have All the Flowers Gone?" and was admonished by prosecutor Tom Foran and judge Julius Hoffman.

In the late 1990s, she was a representative for UNICEF and campaigns on behalf of the abolition of landmines.

Later songs include "River of Gold" about the environment and "My Name is Maria" about dreamers.

Personal life

Collins has been married twice. Her first marriage in 1958 to Peter Taylor produced her only child, Clark C. Taylor, born the same year. The marriage ended in divorce in 1965. In April 1996, she married designer Louis Nelson, whom she had been seeing since April 1978. They lived in New York City.

In 1962, shortly after her debut at Carnegie Hall, Collins was diagnosed with tuberculosis and spent six months recuperating in a sanatorium.

Collins is the subject of the Stephen Stills composition "Suite: Judy Blue Eyes", which appeared on the 1969 eponymous debut album of Crosby, Stills & Nash.

Collins suffered from bulimia after she quit smoking in the 1970s.

Awards and recognition

Academy Awards

Academy Awards
Year Nominated work Award Recipients Result Ref
1975 Antonia: A Portrait of the Woman Best Documentary Feature Judy Collins and Jill Godmilow Nominated
  • In 2003, Antonia: A Portrait of the Woman was deemed "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant" by the United States Library of Congress and selected for preservation in the National Film Registry.

Grammy Awards

Grammy Awards
Year Work Award Result Ref
1964 Judy Collins #3 Best Folk Recording Nominated
1968 In My Life Nominated
1969 "Both Sides, Now" Won
1970 "Bird on the Wire" Nominated
1975 "Send In the Clowns" Best Pop Vocal Performance, Female Nominated
2017 Silver Skies Blue with Ari Hest Best Folk Album Nominated
2022 Spellbound Pending

Other awards

  • For her activism and musical abilities, the Americana Music Association presented Collins with the "Spirit of Americana"/Free Speech Lifetime Achievement Award at their 2005 Honors & Awards ceremony.
  • She was inducted into the Colorado Women's Hall of Fame in 2006
  • She was received an Honorary Doctor of Fine Arts Degree from Pratt Institute in May 2009
  • In 2009, she received the Lifetime Achievement Award at the BBC Radio 2 Folk Awards.
  • Her rendition of "Amazing Grace" was selected for preservation in the National Recording Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically, or artistically significant" in 2017.
  • She received the Golden Plate Award of the American Academy of Achievement in 2019.
  • Collins received the International Lifetime Achievement Award at the 2023 UK Americana Awards.

Discography

Charted albums

Year Album US
UK
AUS
NO
Certifications
1963 Judy Collins 3 126
1965 Fifth Album 69
1966 In My Life 46
1967 Wildflowers 5
  • RIAA: Gold
1968 Who Knows Where the Time Goes 29
  • RIAA: Gold
1969 Recollections 29
1970 Whales & Nightingales 15 16 26
  • RIAA: Gold
1971 Living 64
1972 Colors of the Day: The Best of Judy Collins 37
  • RIAA: Platinum
1973 True Stories and Other Dreams 27
1975 Judith 17 7 19
  • RIAA: Platinum
1976 Bread and Roses 25 96
1977 So Early in the Spring... The First 15 Years 42
1979 Hard Times for Lovers 54
1980 Running for My Life 142
1982 Times of Our Lives 190
1985 Amazing Grace 34 85
2015 Strangers Again 77
2017 Everybody Knows 195
2019 Winter Stories 25

Charted singles

Year Song US
US AC
UK
AUS
Album
1967 "Hard Lovin' Loser" 97 In My Life
1968 "Both Sides, Now" 8 3 14 37 Wildflowers
1969 "Someday Soon" 55 37 Who Knows Where the Time Goes
"Chelsea Morning" 78 25 (single only)
"Turn! Turn! Turn! (To Everything There Is a Season)" 69 28 Recollections
1970 "Amazing Grace" 15 5 5 10 Whales & Nightingales
1971 "Open the Door (Song for Judith)" 90 23 Living
1973 "Cook with Honey" 32 10 True Stories and Other Dreams
"Secret Gardens" 122
1975 "Send in the Clowns" 36 8 6 13 Judith
1977 "Send in the Clowns" (re-release) 19 15
1979 "Hard Times for Lovers" 66 16 Hard Times for Lovers
1984 "Home Again" (duet with T. G. Sheppard) 42 Home Again
1990 "Fires of Eden" 31 Fires of Eden

Filmography

  • The Doctors (TV series) (1982) Judith Howard
  • Baby's Bedtime (1992)
  • Baby's Morningtime (1992)
  • Junior (1994), the operator of a spa for pregnant women
  • Christy (TV series) (1994–1995), recurring role as "Aunt Hattie McHone"
  • Christmas at the Biltmore Estate (1998)
  • A Town Has Turned to Dust (1998), telefilm based on a 1958 Rod Serling story
  • The Best of Judy Collins (1999)
  • Intimate Portrait: Judy Collins (2000)
  • Judy Collins Live at Wolf Trap (2003)
  • Wildflower Festival (2003) (DVD with guest artists Eric Andersen, Arlo Guthrie, and Tom Rush)
  • Girls (TV series) (2013), series 2, episode 8: "It's Back"
  • Danny Says (2016)

Certifications

The years given are the years the albums and singles were released, and not necessarily the years in which they achieved their peak.

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Judy Collins para niños

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