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Sir Khwaja Nazimuddin

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Khawaja Nazimuddin (1894–1964)
2nd Prime Minister of Pakistan
In office
17 October 1951 – 17 April 1953
Monarch George VI
Elizabeth II
Governor General Sir Malik Ghulam Muhammad
Preceded by Liaquat Ali Khan
Succeeded by Mohammad Ali Bogra
Personal details
Khawaja Nazimuddin

(1894-07-19)19 July 1894
Dacca, Bengal, British India
(now Dhaka, Bangladesh)
Died 22 October 1964(1964-10-22) (aged 70)
Dacca, Pakistan
(now Dhaka, Bangladesh)
Resting place Mausoleum of three leaders
Citizenship Indian (1894–1947)
Pakistani (1947–1964)
Nationality East Pakistani
Political party Pakistan Muslim League
Other political
All-India Muslim League
Spouse(s) Shah Bano Ashraf, daughter of Khwaja Ashraf
Alma mater Cambridge University
(MA in Eng.)
Aligarh Muslim University
(BA in Soci.)
Profession Barrister, politician
Awards Order of the Indian Empire Ribbon.svgOrder of the Indian Empire

Sir Khawaja Nazimuddin (19 July 1894 – 22 October 1964), KCIE, Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire, was a Bengali politician, conservative figure, and one of the leading founding fathers of Pakistan. He is noted as being the first Bengali leader of Pakistan who led the country as Prime Minister (1951–53), as well as the second Governor-General (1948–51).

Born into an aristocrat Nawab family in Bengal in 1894, he was educated at the Aligarh Muslim University before pursuing his education at the Cambridge University to secure his graduation. Upon returning, he started his political career on a Muslim League platform where he primary focused on education causes in Bengal before leading the cause for separate Muslim homeland, Pakistan, under the leadership of Muhammad Ali Jinnah. From 1943 to 1945, he served as the prime minister of Bengal, later becoming the chief minister in 1947 until 1948, when he ascended as governor-general after Jinnah's death.

In 1951, he took over the control of the government as prime minister of Pakistan. Eventually, he was forced to step down in favor of diplomat Mohammad Ali Bogra and conceded defeat in elections held in 1954. Upon retiring from national politics, he suffered a brief illness and died in 1964. He was buried at a Mausoleum in Dhaka, which was his home town.

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