Lake Jackson, Texas facts for kids

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Lake Jackson, Texas
City
Location in Brazoria County in the state of Texas
Location in Brazoria County in the state of Texas
Brazoria County LakeJackson.svg
Country United StatesUnited States
State TexasTexas
County Brazoria
Area
 • Total 20.9 sq mi (54.2 km2)
 • Land 19.5 sq mi (50.4 km2)
 • Water 1.5 sq mi (3.9 km2)
Elevation 13 ft (4 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 26,849
 • Density 1,381/sq mi (533.2/km2)
Time zone CST (UTC–6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC–5)
ZIP code 77566
Area code(s) 979
FIPS code 48-40588
GNIS feature ID 1360850
Website www.lakejackson-tx.gov

Lake Jackson is a city in Brazoria County, Texas, United States, within the Houston–Sugar Land–Baytown metropolitan area. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 26,849.

In 1942 a portion of Lake Jackson was first developed as a company town for workers of the Dow Chemical Company; it developed 5,000 acres on the former Abner Jackson Plantation. An oxbow lake was also named after the planter, whose house was located at the lake. Minor ruins of the Lake Jackson Plantation can now be seen in a park at the site.

Geography

The city of Lake Jackson is located in south-central Brazoria County, and is bordered to the east by the cities of Clute and Richwood, and to the southwest by the Brazos River. Texas State Highway 288, the Nolan Ryan Expressway, runs through the city, leading 10 miles (16 km) north to Angleton, the county seat, 52 miles (84 km) north to downtown Houston, and 9 miles (14 km) southeast to Freeport on the Gulf of Mexico.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Lake Jackson has a total area of 20.9 square miles (54.2 km2), of which 19.5 square miles (50.4 km2) is land and 1.5 square miles (3.9 km2), or 7.11%, is water.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1950 2,897
1960 9,651 233.1%
1970 13,376 38.6%
1980 19,102 42.8%
1990 22,776 19.2%
2000 26,386 15.9%
2010 26,849 1.8%
Est. 2015 27,533 2.5%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2010, there were 26,849 people, 10,319 households, and 7,134 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,386.0 people per square mile (535.1/km²). There were 11,149 housing units at an average density of 550.2 per square mile (212.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 84.36% White, 5.10% African American, 0.52% Native American, 3.14% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 4.44% from other races, and 2.40% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 20.53% of the population.

There were 9,588 households out of which 42.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.7% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.4% were non-families. Twenty percent of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.18.

In the city, the population was spread out with 26.41% under the age of 18, 5.61% from 20 to 24, 12.51% from 25 to 34, 20.60% from 35 to 49, 20.10% from 50 to 64, and 12% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 96.06 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $60,901, and the median income for a family was $69,053. Males had a median income of $60,143 versus $30,398 for females. The per capita income for the city was $25,877. About 5.4% of families and 6.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.5% of those under age 18 and 6.7% of those age 65 or over.

History

The city was built in the early 1940s as a planned community, designed by Alden B. Dow of Midland, Michigan for workers in support of a new plant of the Dow Chemical Company, which his father owned. The City of Lake Jackson was incorporated March 14, 1944, and voted for home rule ten years later in 1954.

Transportation

Airports

Brazoria County Airport serves Lake Jackson.

Mass transit

Southern Brazoria County Transit provides bus service options for Lake Jackson, Clute, Freeport and Angleton.

Highways

Texas 288.svg
State Highway 288. Northbound SH 288 to Houston. Southbound, SH 288 routes to Freeport.

Texas State Highway 332 extends from its west end SH 36 in Brazoria to its east end at Surfside Beach.

Streets

  • The city's layout and the six designs for homes were completed by Michigan architect Alden B. Dow.
  • All streets radiating from downtown end in the word "Way." Among the streets are Center Way, Winding Way, Circle Way, and Parking Way. There is an intersection of two streets named This Way and That Way. In the same spirit, a local church near Bess Brannen Elementary placed a small sign in their driveway named His Way. There is also an Any Way.
  • Most other streets were named after some form of flora. As the city grew and common names such as Pine, Mulberry, and Oak were taken, developers had to become more creative; thus, among the plants used are Jalapeño, Tangerine, Mango, and Habañero. The highways running through Lake Jackson, (Texas Highways 288 & 332) and Oyster Creek Drive, are exceptions to the naming conventions. The naming convention of "Drive," meaning a route into or out of town, is less honored today than in the beginning.
  • Dow intentionally laid out the streets so that they seldom follow straight paths. He wanted to maintain as many trees as possible, a principle still practiced in the development of new subdivisions. In addition, he thought that curving streets provided more surprises in unfolding vistas. Lake Jackson is a part of the National Arbor Day Foundation's Tree City USA list. Also, many of the streets follow Oyster Creek, which twists and winds through town. In many areas of town one can travel in any of the four compass directions and have the same commute time and distance to a destination across town.

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