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List of trees of Canada facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts

This list compiles many of the common large shrubs and trees found in Canada. The Canadian flora is depauperate because of the near total glaciation event in the Pleistocene. Due to the vast area of Canada, a tree that is common in one area may be completely absent in another. In particular, many warm-temperate trees can only be grown on the mild Pacific coast (where gardens may contain additional species not listed here).

See also Provincial tree emblems of Canada for the official trees of the Provinces and Territories of Canada.

Pinophyta (Conifers)

Abies (firs)

Araucaria

  • Araucaria araucana (Monkey-puzzle) - introduced

Cedrus (cedars)

Chamaecyparis

  • Chamaecyparis lawsoniana (Lawson's Cypress) - introduced
  • Chamaecyparis obtusa (Hinoki Cypress) - introduced
  • Chamaecyparis pisifera (Sawara Cypress) - introduced

Cryptomeria

  • Cryptomeria japonica (Sugi) - introduced

Cupressus

Juniperus (junipers)

Larix (larches)

  • Larix decidua (European Larch) - introduced
  • Larix gmelinii (Dahurian Larch) - introduced
  • Larix kaempferi (Japanese Larch) - introduced
  • Larix laricina (Tamarack Larch)
  • Larix lyallii (Subalpine Larch)
  • Larix occidentalis (Western Larch)
  • Larix sibirica (Siberian Larche) - introduced

Metasequoia

  • Metasequoia glyptostroboides (Dawn Redwood) - introduced

Picea (spruces)

Pinus (pines)

Platycladus

  • Platycladus orientalis (Chinese Arborvitae) (previously known as Thuja orientalis) - introduced

Pseudotsuga

Sciadopitys

Sequoia

Sequoiadendron

Taxodium (cypresses)

Taxus (yews)

Thuja (thujas)

Tsuga (hemlocks)

Xanthocyparis

Ginkgophyta (Ginkgos)

Ginkgo

Magnoliophyta (Broadleaves)

Acer (maples)

Aesculus (buckeyes and horse-chestnuts)

Ailanthus

Alnus (alders)

  • Alnus glutinosa (Black alder) - introduced
  • Alnus incana (Speckled alder)
  • Alnus rubra (Red alder)
  • Alnus serrulata (Hazel alder)
  • Alnus viridis (Green alder)

Amelanchier (serviceberries)

Aralia

  • Aralia elata (Japanese angelica-tree) - introduced

Arbutus

Asimina

Betula (birches)

Caragana

  • Caragana arborescens (Siberian pea-tree) - introduced

Carpinus (hornbeams)

Carya (hickories)

Castanea (chestnuts)

  • Castanea dentata (American Chestnut)
  • Castanea mollissima (Chinese Chestnut) - introduced

Catalpa (catalpas)

Celtis (hackberries)

Cephalanthus

  • Cephalanthus occidentalis (Button-bush))

Cercidiphyllum

  • Cercidiphyllum japonicum (Katsura-tree) - introduced

Cercis

Cladrastis

Cornus (dogwoods)

Corylus (hazels )

  • Corylus americana (American Hazel)
  • Corylus avellana (Common hazel) - introduced
  • Corylus colurna (Turkish Hazel) - introduced
  • Corylus cornuta (Beaked Hazel)
  • Corylus maxima (Filbert) - introduced

Cotinus

  • Cotinus coggygria (Smokebush) - introduced

Crataegus (Hawthorns) - too many species to list.

Elaeagnus

Euonymus (Euonymus)

  • Euonymus alatus (Winged euonymus) - introduced
  • Euonymus atropurpureus (Burning-bush) euonymus
  • Euonymus europaeus (European spindle) - introduced
  • Euonymus fortunei (Winter-creeper euonymus) - introduced

Fagus (beeches)

Fraxinus (ashes)

Gleditsia

Gymnocladus

Hamamelis

Hippophae

  • Hippophae rhamnoides (Sea-buckthorn) - introduced

Ilex (hollies)

Juglans (walnuts)

Laburnum

  • Laburnum anagyroides (Laburnum) - introduced

Liquidambar

Liriodendron

Maclura

Magnolia (magnolias)

  • Magnolia acuminata (Cucumber tree)
  • Magnolia × soulangeana (Saucer magnolia) - introduced

Malus (apples)

  • Malus baccata (Siberian crab apple) - introduced
  • Malus coronaria (Wild crab apple)
  • Malus fusca (Pacific crab apple)
  • Malus sylvestris (Common apple) - introduced

Morus (mulberries)

Myrica

Nemopanthus – see Ilex

Nyssa (tupelos)

Ostrya

Phellodendron

  • Phellodendron amurense (Amur cork-tree) - introduced

Platanus (planes)

Populus (poplars, balsam poplars, aspens, cottonwoods)

Prunus (cherries, plums, peaches)

Ptelea

Pyrus (pears)

  • Pyrus communis (Common pear)

Quercus (oaks)

Rhamnus (buckthorns)

Rhododendron (rhododendrons)

Rhus (sumacs)

Robinia

Sassafras

Salix (willows) - too many species to list.

Sambucus (elder)

  • Sambucus callicarpa (Red-berry elder)
  • Sambucus canadensis (American elder)
  • Sambucus cerulea (Blue-berry elder)
  • Sambucus melanocarpa (Black-berry elder)
  • Sambucus pubens (Eastern red-berry elder)

Shepherdia

Sorbus (rowans)

Syringa

Tilia (lindens)

Toxicodendron

  • Toxicodendron vernix (Poison-sumac)

Ulmus (elms)

Viburnum (viburnums)

Zanthoxylum (Zanthoxylums, prickly-ashes)

Zelkova

  • Zelkova serrata (Japanese zelkova) - introduced
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List of trees of Canada Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.