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Marion County, Alabama facts for kids

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Marion County
Marion County Courthouse in Hamilton
Marion County Courthouse in Hamilton
Map of Alabama highlighting Marion County
Location within the U.S. state of Alabama
Map of the United States highlighting Alabama
Alabama's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Alabama
Founded February 13, 1818
Named for Francis Marion
Seat Hamilton
Largest city Hamilton
 • Total 744 sq mi (1,930 km2)
 • Land 742 sq mi (1,920 km2)
 • Water 1.3 sq mi (3 km2)  0.2%
 • Total 29,341
 • Estimate 
29,246 Decrease
 • Density 39.437/sq mi (15.227/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 4th
  • County Number 49 on Alabama Licence Plates

Marion County is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama. As of the 2020 census the population was 29,341. The county seat is Hamilton. The county was created by an act of the Alabama Territorial General Assembly on February 13, 1818. The county seat was originally established in Pikeville in 1820, and moved to Hamilton in 1881. The county was named for General Francis Marion of South Carolina.

Marion County is located in the northwestern part of the state, bounded on the west by the state of Mississippi. It encompasses 743 square miles (1,920 km2). The county is a prohibition or dry county, however, the sale of alcohol is permitted within the cities of Guin, Hamilton, and Winfield.


The county was created by the Alabama Territorial General Assembly on February 13, 1818, preceding Alabama's statehood by almost two years. It was created from land acquired from the Chickasaw Indians by the Treaty of 1816. Marion County included all of its current territory and parts of what are now Winston, Walker, Fayette, and Lamar counties in Alabama as well as portions of present-day Lowndes, Monroe, and Itawamba counties in Mississippi. The county was named in honor of General Francis Marion (1732–1795), an American Revolutionary War hero from South Carolina who was known as "The Swamp Fox." Most early settlers of Marion County came from Kentucky and Tennessee after General Andrew Jackson established the Military Road. The first towns in the area were Pikeville, Hamilton (formerly Toll Gate), Winfield, and Guin.

Old Marion County Courthouse in 1818, the first county courthouse, was constructed at Cotton Gin Port, near Amory. It was moved in 1819 to the home of Henry Greer along the Buttachatchee River. Pikeville served as Marion County's first permanent county seat from 1820–82. The town is now abandoned, but the home of Judge John Dabney Terrell Sr., which served as the third county courthouse, still stands. In 1883, Hamilton became the county seat. The first courthouse in Hamilton was destroyed by fire on March 30, 1887, and the second courthouse, constructed in the same place, also burned. A new courthouse, constructed of local sandstone opened in 1901. In 1959, the building was significantly remodeled to give the structure its current 1950's "international style" design theme.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 744 square miles (1,930 km2), of which 742 square miles (1,920 km2) is land and 1.3 square miles (3.4 km2) (0.2%) is water.

Adjacent counties


Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 4,058
1840 5,847 44.1%
1850 7,833 34.0%
1860 11,182 42.8%
1870 6,059 −45.8%
1880 9,364 54.5%
1890 11,347 21.2%
1900 14,494 27.7%
1910 17,495 20.7%
1920 22,008 25.8%
1930 25,967 18.0%
1940 28,776 10.8%
1950 27,264 −5.3%
1960 21,837 −19.9%
1970 23,788 8.9%
1980 30,041 26.3%
1990 29,830 −0.7%
2000 31,214 4.6%
2010 30,776 −1.4%
2020 29,341 −4.7%
2021 (est.) 29,246 −5.0%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990
1990–2000 2010–2020

2010 census

At the 2010 census there were 30,776 people, 12,651 households, and 8,676 families living in the county. The population density was 41 people per square mile (16/km2). There were 14,737 housing units at an average density of 19 per square mile (8/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 93.6% White, 3.8% Black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 0.9% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. 2.1% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Of the 12,651 households 26.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.9% were married couples living together, 12.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.4% were non-families. 28.4% of households were one person and 13.1% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.87.

The age distribution was 21.7% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 24.0% from 25 to 44, 28.4% from 45 to 64, and 18.3% 65 or older. The median age was 42.8 years. For every 100 females there were 98.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.5 males.

The median household income was $32,769 and the median family income was $44,223. Males had a median income of $34,089 versus $24,481 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,030. About 13.3% of families and 17.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.3% of those under age 18 and 12.7% of those age 65 or over.

2020 census

Marion County racial composition
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 26,093 88.93%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 1,094 3.73%
Native American 82 0.28%
Asian 75 0.26%
Pacific Islander 14 0.05%
Other/Mixed 1,120 3.82%
Hispanic or Latino 863 2.94%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 29,341 people, 11,997 households, and 8,030 families residing in the county.


  • Jerry Brown Arts Festival - Hamilton (March)
  • Neighbor Day - Hackleburg (Last Saturday in April)
  • MayFest - Guin (Second Saturday in May)
  • CoalFest - Brilliant (Memorial Day)
  • Mule Day - Winfield (September)
  • Buttahatchee River Fall Fest - Hamilton (October)


Major highways

  • I-22 (AL).svg Interstate 22
  • US 43.svg U.S. Highway 43
  • US 78.svg U.S. Highway 78
  • US 278.svg U.S. Highway 278
  • Alabama 13.svg State Route 13
  • Alabama 17.svg State Route 17
  • Alabama 19.svg State Route 19
  • Alabama 44.svg State Route 44
  • Alabama 74.svg State Route 74
  • Alabama 129.svg State Route 129



  • Marion County-Rankin Fite Airport




Unincorporated communities

Ghost town


Two public school systems, Marion County Schools and Winfield City Schools, operate in the county. Hamilton is home to a campus of Bevill State Community College. Marion County School System

Winfield City School System

  • Winfield Elementary School
  • Winfield Middle School
  • Winfield High School

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Condado de Marion (Alabama) para niños

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