Marion County, Alabama facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Marion County, Alabama
Map

Location in the state of Alabama
Map of the USA highlighting Alabama
Alabama's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded February 13, 1818
Seat Hamilton
Largest City Hamilton
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

744 sq mi (1,927 km²)
742 sq mi (1,922 km²)
1.3 sq mi (3 km²), 0.2%
PopulationEst.
 - (2015)
 - Density

30,168
41/sq mi (16/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website: http://marioncountyalabama.org/
Named for: Francis Marion
 
  • County Number 49 on Alabama Licence Plates

Marion County is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama. As of the 2010 census the population was 30,776. The county seat is Hamilton. The county was created by an act of the Alabama Territorial General Assembly on February 13, 1818. The county seat was originally established in Pikeville in 1820, and moved to Hamilton in 1881. The county was named for General Francis Marion of South Carolina.

Marion County is located in the northwestern part of the state, bounded on the west by the state of Mississippi. It encompasses 743 square miles (1,920 km2). The county is a prohibition or dry county, however, the sale of alcohol is permitted within the cities of Guin, Hamilton, and Winfield.

History

The county was created by the Alabama Territorial General Assembly on February 13, 1818, preceding Alabama's statehood by almost two years. It was created from land acquired from the Chickasaw Indians by the Treaty of 1816. Marion County included all of its current territory and parts of what are now Winston, Walker, Fayette, and Lamar counties in Alabama as well as portions of present-day Lowndes, Monroe, and Itawamba counties in Mississippi. The county was named in honor of General Francis Marion (1732–1795), an American Revolutionary War hero from South Carolina who was known as "The Swamp Fox." Most early settlers of Marion County came from Kentucky and Tennessee after General Andrew Jackson established the Military Road. The first towns in the area were Pikeville, Hamilton (formerly Toll Gate), Winfield, and Guin.

Old Marion County Courthouse in 1818, the first county courthouse, was constructed at Cotton Gin Port, near Amory. It was moved in 1819 to the home of Henry Greer along the Buttachatchee River. Pikeville served as Marion County's first permanent county seat from 1820–82. The town is now abandoned, but the home of Judge John Dabney Terrell Sr., which served as the third county courthouse, still stands. In 1883, Hamilton became the county seat. The first courthouse in Hamilton was destroyed by fire on March 30, 1887, and the second courthouse, constructed in the same place, also burned. A new courthouse, constructed of local sandstone opened in 1901. In 1959, the building was significantly remodeled to give the structure its current 1950's "international style" design theme.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 744 square miles (1,930 km2), of which 742 square miles (1,920 km2) is land and 1.3 square miles (3.4 km2) (0.2%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1830 4,058
1840 5,847 44.1%
1850 7,833 34.0%
1860 11,182 42.8%
1870 6,059 −45.8%
1880 9,364 54.5%
1890 11,347 21.2%
1900 14,494 27.7%
1910 17,495 20.7%
1920 22,008 25.8%
1930 25,967 18.0%
1940 28,776 10.8%
1950 27,264 −5.3%
1960 21,837 −19.9%
1970 23,788 8.9%
1980 30,041 26.3%
1990 29,830 −0.7%
2000 31,214 4.6%
2010 30,776 −1.4%
Est. 2015 30,168 −3.4%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990
1990–2000 2010–2015

As of the census of 2000, there were 31,214 people, 12,697 households, and 9,040 families residing in the county. The population density was 42 people per square mile (16/km2). There were 14,416 housing units at an average density of 19 per square mile (8/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 94.76% White, 3.3% Black or African American, 0.29% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.39% from other races, and 0.70% from two or more races. 1.15% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 12,697 households out of which 30.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.40% were married couples living together, 9.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.80% were non-families. 26.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.87.

In the county, the population was spread out with 22.50% under the age of 18, 8.20% from 18 to 24, 28.20% from 25 to 44, 25.20% from 45 to 64, and 15.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 98.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $27,475, and the median income for a family was $34,359. Males had a median income of $26,913 versus $19,022 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,321. About 12.00% of families and 15.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.80% of those under age 18 and 20.00% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 30,776 people, 12,651 households, and 8,676 families residing in the county. The population density was 41 people per square mile (16/km2). There were 14,737 housing units at an average density of 19 per square mile (8/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 93.6% White, 3.8% Black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 0.9% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. 2.1% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 12,651 households out of which 26.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.9% were married couples living together, 12.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.4% were non-families. 28.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.87.

In the county, the population was spread out with 21.7% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 24.0% from 25 to 44, 28.4% from 45 to 64, and 18.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42.8 years. For every 100 females there were 98.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.5 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,769, and the median income for a family was $44,223. Males had a median income of $34,089 versus $24,481 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,030. About 13.3% of families and 17.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.3% of those under age 18 and 12.7% of those age 65 or over.

Events

  • Jerry Brown Arts Festival - Hamilton (March)
  • Neighbor Day - Hackleburg (Last Saturday in April)
  • MayFest - Guin (Second Saturday in May)
  • CoalFest - Brilliant (Memorial Day)
  • Mule Day - Winfield (September)
  • Buttahatchee River Fall Fest - Hamilton (October)

Transportation

Major highways

  • I-22 (AL).svg Interstate 22
  • US 43.svg U.S. Highway 43
  • US 78.svg U.S. Highway 78
  • US 278.svg U.S. Highway 278
  • Alabama 13.svg State Route 13
  • Alabama 17.svg State Route 17
  • Alabama 19.svg State Route 19
  • Alabama 44.svg State Route 44
  • Alabama 74.svg State Route 74
  • Alabama 129.svg State Route 129

Rail

  • BNSF Railway
  • Norfolk Southern Railway

Air

  • Marion County-Rankin Fite Airport

Communities

Cities

Towns

Unincorporated communities

Ghost town


Marion County, Alabama Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.