McCulloch County, Texas facts for kids
|McCulloch County, Texas|
Location in the state of Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
1,073 sq mi (2,779 km²)
1,066 sq mi (2,761 km²)
7.8 sq mi (20 km²), 0.7%
7.8/sq mi (3/km²)
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
|Named for: Benjamin McCulloch|
McCulloch County is a county located on the Edwards Plateau in the U.S. state of Texas. At the 2010 census, its population was 8,283. Its county seat is Brady. The county was created in 1856 and later organized in 1876. It is named for Benjamin McCulloch, a famous Texas Ranger and Confederate general.
The geographical center of Texas lies within McCulloch County, near Brady.
- 5000 BC – 1500 AD - Early Native American inhabitants included Tonkawa, Lipan Apache, Comanche, and Tawakoni.
- 1788 - José Mares expedition from San Antonio to Santa Fe
- 1831, November 21 - In the Brady vicinity, James Bowie, Rezin P. Bowie, David Buchanan, Cephas D. Hamm, Matthew Doyle, Jesse Wallace, Thomas McCaslin, Robert Armstrong, James Coryell with two servants, Charles and Gonzales, held at bay for a day and a night 164 Caddo and Lipans. After 80 warriors have been killed, the Indians withdrew.
- 1852 - Camp San Saba was established to protect settlers from Indians.
- 1856 - The Sixth Legislature forms McCulloch County from Bexar, named for Benjamin McCulloch.
- 1876 - The Voca Waterwheel Mill was built.
- 1880 - The Brady Sentinel was established by D.F. Hayes, county’s first newspaper. Later, it was absorbed by the Heart o’ Texas News run by R.B. Boyle.
- 1886-1912 - County Swedish colonies of East Sweden, West Sweden and Melvin were established.
- 1897-1910 - The Brady Enterprise or McCulloch County Enterprise was published.
- 1899 McCulloch County sandstone courthouse built. Romanesque Revival style by architects Martin & Moodie.
- 1900 - The Milburn Messenger was edited by T.F. Harwell. Cotton became a major county crop.
- 1903 - The Fort Worth and Rio Grande Railway came to McCulloch.
- 1904-1907 - W.D. Currie published the Mercury Mascot.
- 1906-1910 - The McCulloch County Star was published.
- 1909 - The Brady Standard, edited by F.W. Schwenker, began publication, and absorbed the McCulloch County Star and the Brady Enterprise in 1910.
- 1909 - The Rochelle Record was started by W.D. Cowan.
- 1915 - The Melvin Rustler began publication.
- 1917 - J. Marvin Hunter founded the Melvin Enterprise.
- 1920’s - McCulloch County billed itself as "the Turkey Center of the Universe", and held an annual Turkey Trot.
- 1923 - Hunter also founded the Frontier Times in Melvin, and later moved it to Bandera.
- 1923 - Dan Collins Taylor, a rodeo performer and promoter was born in Doole in McCulloch County. He died there in 2010.
- 1930’s - Tenant farming in the county peaked at 60%.
- 1932 - The Colorado River flooded, cresting at 62.2 feet (19.0 m).
- 1938 - Brady Creek flooded, cresting at 29.1 feet (8.9 m). The San Saba River flooded, cresting at 39.8 feet (12.1 m).
- 1941 - Curtis Field, named for Brady Mayor Harry L. Curtis, opened with 80 students as a flying school.
- 1943 - A county prisoner of war camp was set up and included Rommel's Afrika Corps, as well as members of the S.S. and the Gestapo.
- 1946 - Crockett State School took over the former POW camp and used it as a training school for delinquent black girls.
- 1954-1960 - Forty-eight restraining structures were installed in the county to control flooding.
- 1963 - Brady Creek Reservoir was constructed to partially control flooding on the San Saba River. Tourist Information Marker placed, declaring McCulloch the geographical center of Texas.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,073 square miles (2,780 km2), of which 1,066 square miles (2,760 km2) is land and 7.8 square miles (20 km2) (0.7%) is water.
- Coleman County (north)
- Brown County (northeast)
- San Saba County (east)
- Mason County (south)
- Menard County (southwest)
- Concho County (west)
|U.S. Decennial Census
At the 2000 census, 8,205 people, 3,277 households and 2,267 families resided in the county. The population density was 8 per square mile (3/km²). There were 4,184 housing units at an average density of 4 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 84.64% White, 1.57% Black or African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 11.71% from other races, and 1.63% from two or more races. About 27% of the population were Hispanic or Latinos of any race.
Of the 3,277 households, 30.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.30% were married couples living together, 10.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.80% were not families. About 28.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.01. About 26.60% of the population were under the age of 18, 6.60% from 18 to 24, 22.90% from 25 to 44, 24.30% from 45 to 64, and 19.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.00 males.
The median household income was $25,705 and the median family income was $30,783. Males had a median income of $25,844 versus $18,337 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,579. About 17.30% of families and 22.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.40% of those under age 18 and 21.50% of those age 65 or over.
- Brady (county seat)
McCulloch County, Texas Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.