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Miguel Hernández
Miguel Hernández
Miguel Hernández in 1939
Born Miguel Hernández Gilabert
(1910-10-30)30 October 1910
Orihuela, Kingdom of Spain
Died 28 March 1942(1942-03-28) (aged 31)
Alicante, Francoist Spain
Occupation Poet, playwright
Language Spanish
Nationality Spain
Genre Poetry
Literary movement Generation of '27
Generation of '36
Notable works El rayo que no cesa
Viento del pueblo
El hombre acecha
Cancionero y romancero de ausencias
Spouse Josefina Manresa (1916–1987)
Children Manuel Ramón (1937–1938)
Manuel Miguel (1939–1984)


Miguel Hernández Gilabert (30 October 1910 – 28 March 1942) was a 20th-century Spanish-language poet and playwright associated with the Generation of '27 and the Generation of '36 movements. Born and raised in a family of low resources, he was self-taught in what refers to literature, and struggled against an unfavourable environment to build up his intellectual education, such as a father who physically abused him for spending time with books instead of working, and who took him out of school as soon as he finished his primary education. At school, he became a friend of Ramón Sijé, a well-educated boy who lent and recommended books to Hernández, and whose death would inspire his most famous poem, Elegy.

Hernández died of tuberculosis, imprisoned due to his active participation on the Republican side of the civil war. His last book, Cancionero y romancero de ausencias, was published after his death, and is a collection of the poems he wrote in prison, some written in rudimentary pieces of toilet paper, others preserved in letters to his wife, is considered one of the finest pieces of Spanish poetry of the 20th century.

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