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Mitchell, Indiana
Main St., Downtown Mitchell, Indiana.
Main St., Downtown Mitchell, Indiana.
Location of Mitchell in Lawrence County, Indiana.
Location of Mitchell in Lawrence County, Indiana.
Country United States
State Indiana
County Lawrence
Incorporated (town) 1864
Incorporated (city) 1907
 • Total 3.60 sq mi (9.32 km2)
 • Land 3.59 sq mi (9.31 km2)
 • Water 0.01 sq mi (0.01 km2)  0.30%
682 ft (208 m)
 • Total 3,933
 • Density 1,094.32/sq mi (422.57/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 812
FIPS code 18-49950
GNIS feature ID 0439292

Mitchell is a city in Marion Township, Lawrence County, Indiana, United States. The population was 4,350 at the 2010 census.

Mitchell, Indiana
Photo from Small Town Indiana photo survey.


Mitchell was built as a railroad town in the mid-19th century. At this location in Lawrence County, the Chicago, Indianapolis and Louisville Railroad, better known by the shorter name of "the Monon", was built as a north-south line from New Albany to Chicago, passing through the area which became Mitchell in 1853. In 1857, the east-west Ohio and Mississippi Railway (later part of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad) was completed, as part of a link between Cincinnati and St. Louis.

At the intersection of the two rail lines, a new town was planned. As the O&M railroad was surveyed, the owners of the land arranged for one of the surveyors, Ormsby McKnight Mitchel (1810–1862), a West Point graduate and professor at the University of Cincinnati, to plat their new town in exchange for naming it for him. (The second "L" in Mitchell was added later). A native of Kentucky, Ormsby Mitchel grew up in Lebanon, Ohio, and was also an attorney and notable astronomer. He later became a Major General in the Union Army during the American Civil War (1861–1865), and is best known for ordering the raid that became famous as the Great Locomotive Chase. He was known as "Old Stars". General Mitchel died of yellow fever while serving in Beaufort, South Carolina. [1]

The town was incorporated in 1864, becoming a city in 1907. Mitchell hosted a number of manufacturers, including (in 1919) the wagon, truck and bus body enterprises of Ralph H. Carpenter which became known as the Carpenter Body Company. School bus body production continued until 1995.

In 1851, the Mitchell area was the birthplace of outlaw and train robber Sam Bass (1851–1878). He was orphaned at age 13, but was apparently engaged in lawful activities until 1877, when he became an icon of the "wildness" of the American Old West as he robbed banks, stagecoaches and railroad trains before being fatally wounded by Texas Rangers the following year. Despite Bass' short-lived criminal career, he is remembered as part of a robbery of gold on September 18, 1877 which remains the largest robbery in Union Pacific Railroad's history.

Grissom prepares to enter Liberty Bell 7 61-MR4-76
U.S. astronaut Gus Grissom, native of Mitchell, Indiana, in front of the Liberty Bell 7 capsule, in which he became the second American to fly in outer space
Grissom memorial
The Gus Grissom Memorial in Mitchell, Indiana

Mitchell was also the birthplace of astronaut Virgil "Gus" Grissom (1926–1967). A mechanical engineering graduate of Purdue University, he joined the United States Air Force and was selected as a member of NASA's Project Mercury space program. Gus Grissom was the second American to fly in space on Liberty Bell 7 and also flew aboard Gemini 3. He died in a launch pad fire at Kennedy Space Center in Florida during a training exercise for Apollo 1 on January 27, 1967.

Spring Mill State Park is located just east of Mitchell. It includes a memorial to Grissom as well as several caves and a pioneer village. The buildings in the village are original structures from the former mill town that was located here, recreations of buildings in the town, and other pioneer-era buildings that were moved to the park.

The Monon became part of the Louisville and Nashville Railroad. Both it, and the former B&O are now part of CSX Transportation's rail network. In modern times, Mitchell is also served by the Union Pacific system.

In the late 20th century, Mitchell's downtown area was defined as a historic district that was listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The town developed an Urban Enterprise Zone, and industrial park, and at the end of the century, was working to attract new businesses and industry while also capitalizing on its heritage through antique shops and tourism.

The Mitchell Downtown Historic District and Mitchell Opera House are listed in the National Register of Historic Places.


According to the 2010 census, Mitchell has a total area of 3.285 square miles (8.51 km2), of which 3.28 square miles (8.50 km2) (or 99.85%) is land and 0.005 square miles (0.01 km2) (or 0.15%) is water.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 1,087
1880 1,439 32.4%
1890 1,583 10.0%
1900 1,772 11.9%
1910 3,438 94.0%
1920 3,025 −12.0%
1930 3,226 6.6%
1940 3,393 5.2%
1950 3,245 −4.4%
1960 3,552 9.5%
1970 4,092 15.2%
1980 4,641 13.4%
1990 4,669 0.6%
2000 4,567 −2.2%
2010 4,350 −4.8%
2020 3,933 −9.6%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 4,350 people, 1,786 households, and 1,145 families living in the city. The population density was 1,326.2 inhabitants per square mile (512.0/km2). There were 2,014 housing units at an average density of 614.0 per square mile (237.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.6% White, 0.4% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.7% from other races, and 0.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.4% of the population.

There were 1,786 households, of which 33.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.8% were married couples living together, 15.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 35.9% were non-families. 31.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.96.

The median age in the city was 39.2 years. 24.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.7% were from 25 to 44; 25% were from 45 to 64; and 17.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.5% male and 53.5% female.


The Persimmon Festival is held every September, with fun and exciting rides each year.


The town has a lending library, the Mitchell Community Public Library.

Notable people

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Mitchell (Indiana) para niños

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