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Mohamed Ennaceur
محمد الناصر
Mohamed Ennaceur.jpg
Mohamed Ennaceur in 2016
Acting President of Tunisia
In office
25 July 2019 – 23 October 2019
Prime Minister Youssef Chahed
Preceded by Beji Caid Essebsi
Succeeded by Kais Saied
Speaker of the Assembly of the Representatives of the People
In office
4 December 2014 – 25 July 2019
President Moncef Marzouki
Beji Caid Essebsi
Prime Minister Mehdi Jomaa
Habib Essid
Youssef Chahed
Preceded by Mustapha Ben Jafar
Succeeded by Abdelfattah Mourou (interim)
President of Nidaa Tounes
In office
31 December 2014 – 28 May 2019
Preceded by Beji Caid Essebsi
Succeeded by Selma Elloumi Rekik
Minister of Labour and Social Affairs
In office
27 January 2011 – 24 December 2011
President Fouad Mebazaa (Acting)
Moncef Marzouki
Prime Minister Mohamed Ghannouchi
Beji Caid Essebsi
Preceded by Moncer Rouissi
Succeeded by Khalil Zaouia
In office
7 November 1979 – 23 October 1985
President Habib Bourguiba
Prime Minister Hédi Nouira
Mohamed Mzali
Preceded by Mohamed Jomâa
Succeeded by Noureddine Hached
In office
14 January 1974 – 26 December 1977
President Habib Bourguiba
Prime Minister Hédi Nouira
Preceded by Farhat Dachraoui
Succeeded by Mohamed Jomâa
Personal details
Born (1934-03-21) 21 March 1934 (age 89)
El Djem, French Tunisia
Political party Nidaa Tounes
Spouse Siren Mønstre
Children 5
Alma mater University of Tunis
Paris-Sorbonne University

Mohamed Ennaceur (Arabic: محمد الناصر; born 21 March 1934) is a Tunisian politician who served as the 6th president of Tunisia for 91 days, from President Beji Caid Essebsi's death on 25 July 2019 until he handed over the presidency to Kais Saied as the winner of the 2019 Tunisian presidential election on 23 October 2019. Since 2014, he has also been the President of the Assembly of the Representatives of the People and leader of the governing Nidaa Tounes party. Previously, he served as Minister of Social Affairs in the 1970s and 1980s under President Habib Bourguiba and again in 2011 in the transitional Ghannouchi and Essebsi governments.

Ennaceur was the founding director of the Tunisian Association of Social Law (Revue tunisienne de droit social) and the Festival international de musique symphonique d'El Jem.

On 4 December 2014, he was elected as President of the Assembly of the Representatives of the People, with 176 agreeing votes out of 214 present MPs. Upon President Beji Caid Essebsi's death, Ennaceur ascended as President according to the Constitutional provision for the presidential succession of Tunisia.

Career

Mohamed Ennaceur - Présidents de l'ARP, Tunisie, capture de Nawaat (cropped)
Ennaceur during his presidency of a parliamentary session.

Mohamed Ennaceur earned a diploma from the Institut des Hautes Études de Tunis and a doctorate in social law from the University of Paris 1 Pantheon-Sorbonne. His thesis dealt with the International Labour Organization and the development of social law in Tunisia and Libya.

Early in his career he served on the board of UNICEF (1963–64) and the United Nations Research Institute for Social Development (1966–72). He was Commissioner-General of the Office for Tunisian Workers Overseas (1973–74), chaired the World Employment Conference (1976) and the Arab League Social Affairs Bureau (1980–83). Between 1991 and 1996 he went on to serve as coordinator of the African group in the World Trade Organization and led the Tunisian permanent mission to the United Nations in Geneva. From 2000 he worked as a corporate social responsibility auditor and international consultant. In 2005 he became the coordinator for the United Nations Global Compact in Tunisia.

In addition to his international career, Mohamed Ennaceur held a number of political appointments in Tunisia. He served as governor of Sousse 1972–73 and as Minister of Social Affairs twice, from 1974 to 1977 and from 1979 to 1985. After the Tunisian Revolution of 2011 he was once again appointed Minister of Social Affairs in the governments of Mohamed Ghannouchi and Beji Caid Essebsi.

The President of the Assembly of the Representatives of the People, Tunisia, Mr. Mohamed Ennaceur calling on the Vice President, Shri M. Hamid Ansari, in Tunisia on June 02, 2016
Ennaceur with the Vice President of India, Hamid Ansari, in 2016.

In February 2014, he joined the Nidaa Tounes party, becoming its Vice-President. On 4 December 2014, he was elected President (Speaker) of the Assembly of the Representatives of the People, securing 176 votes out of a possible 217, and becoming the first President of the Chamber after the adoption of the Tunisian Constitution of 2014. On 31 December, after Béji Caïd Essebsi became President of the Republic, he succeeded him as interim head of the Nidaa Tounes party.

Soon after Essebsi's death on 25 July, Ennaceur announced in a nationwide address that in accordance with the Constitution, he was now acting president. According to Article 84 of the Tunisian constitution, an acting president may serve in their role for a maximum of 90 days, meaning Ennaceur's role is due to expire on 23 October 2019. Although presidential elections were already scheduled for 17 November, the Independent High Authority for Elections advanced the date to 15 September to ensure that a permanent successor would be in office by 23 October.

Personal life

Mohamed Ennaceur is married to Siren Mønstre, a Norwegian national from Bergen. They met when they were students in Paris and have been married for over 60 years. They have five children.

Health

In late July 2019, shortly after the death of his predecessor, Beji Caid Essebsi, Ennaceur was reported to be in poor health.

Honours

Tunisian national honours

  •  Tunisia:
  • Grand Cordon of the Order of Independence.
  • Grand Cordon of the Order of the Republic.
  • Gold Labour Medal.

Foreign honors

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Mohamed Ennaceur para niños

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