Mount Airy, North Carolina facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Mount Airy, North Carolina
City
Downtown Mount Airy
Downtown Mount Airy
Nickname(s): Mayberry
Country United States
State North Carolina
County Surry
Settled 1750s
Incorporated 1885
Area
 • Total 8.4 sq mi (21.7 km2)
 • Land 8.4 sq mi (21.7 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 1,115 ft (340 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 10,388
 • Density 1,237/sq mi (478.7/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 27030-27031
Area code(s) 336
FIPS code 37-44800
GNIS feature ID 0990306
Website http://www.mountairy.org/

Mount Airy is a city in Surry County, North Carolina, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 10,388. The town is perhaps best known internationally as the home of actor Andy Griffith and the inspiration for the fictional town of Mayberry on his eponymous show.

History

Mount Airy was settled in the 1750s as a stagecoach stop on the road between Winston-Salem, North Carolina and Galax, Virginia. It was named for a nearby plantation. Mount Airy was incorporated in 1885.

The W. F. Carter House, William Carter House, Edgar Harvey Hennis House, William Alfred Moore House, Mount Airy Historic District, North Carolina Granite Corporation Quarry Complex, Renfro Mill, and Trinity Episcopal Church are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Geography

Mount Airy is located at 36°30′N 80°37′W / 36.5°N 80.617°W / 36.5; -80.617 (36.5006, −80.6093), along the Ararat River, about 5 km (3 mi) south of the Virginia state line. The United States Census Bureau says the city has a total area of 8.4 square miles (22 km2), all of it land.

Climate data for Mount Airy, North Carolina (1981–2010 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 46.7
(8.17)
50.5
(10.28)
58.9
(14.94)
68.5
(20.28)
76.2
(24.56)
83.7
(28.72)
86.7
(30.39)
85.7
(29.83)
79.5
(26.39)
70.3
(21.28)
60.0
(15.56)
49.1
(9.5)
68.0
(20)
Average low °F (°C) 23.3
(-4.83)
25.5
(-3.61)
31.3
(-0.39)
39.6
(4.22)
49.3
(9.61)
58.8
(14.89)
62.9
(17.17)
61.7
(16.5)
54.2
(12.33)
42.3
(5.72)
32.7
(0.39)
25.9
(-3.39)
42.3
(5.72)
Precipitation inches (mm) 3.67
(93.2)
3.15
(80)
4.12
(104.6)
3.69
(93.7)
4.25
(108)
4.46
(113.3)
5.09
(129.3)
4.14
(105.2)
3.99
(101.3)
3.32
(84.3)
3.51
(89.2)
3.55
(90.2)
46.93
(1,192)
Snowfall inches (cm) 3.6
(9.1)
3.0
(7.6)
.6
(1.5)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1.8
(4.6)
9.0
(22.9)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 10.6 10.0 11.1 10.9 13.2 11.7 13.6 11.6 10.0 8.4 9.5 10.8 131.4
Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 1.4 1.5 .3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 .9 4.1
Source: NOAA

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 519
1890 1,768 240.7%
1900 2,680 51.6%
1910 3,844 43.4%
1920 4,752 23.6%
1930 6,045 27.2%
1940 6,286 4.0%
1950 7,192 14.4%
1960 7,055 −1.9%
1970 7,325 3.8%
1980 6,862 −6.3%
1990 7,156 4.3%
2000 8,484 18.6%
2010 10,388 22.4%
Est. 2015 10,354 −0.3%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2010, there were 10,388 people in 4,934 households. The people per square mile was 891.4. There were 5,296 housing units. The Population percent change from 2000 to 2010 was 22.4% up. The racial makeup of the city was 84.1% White descent, 8.2% African American, 0.3% American Indian and Alaska Native, 1.4% Asian, 0.1% Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, 2.2% Persons reporting two or more races, 6.7% Hispanic or Latino. Persons per household was 2.10. Average household income was $35,428. Persons below poverty level was 21.1%. High school graduates were 76.9% and bachelor's degree or higher was 25.9%.

As of the census of 2000, there were 8,484 people, 3,667 households, and 2,130 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,010.8 people per square mile (390.4/km²). There were 4,129 housing units at an average density of 491.9 per square mile (190.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 85.34% White descent, 7.99% African American, 0.35% Native American, 2.55% Asian American, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 2.49% from other races, and 1.24% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.87% of the population.

Mt Airy quarry
World's largest open faced granite quarry, near Mount Airy.

There were 3,667 households out of which 24.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.6% were married couples living together, 14.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.9% were non-families. 38.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.16 and the average family size was 2.87.

In the city, the population was spread out with 21.6% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 25.1% from 25 to 44, 21.3% from 45 to 64, and 25.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 84.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $26,910, and the median income for a family was $33,412. Males had a median income of $27,299 versus $24,830 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,237. About 17.4% of families and 19.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.7% of those under age 18 and 20.7% of those age 65 or over.

Mayberry

Actor Andy Griffith was born in Mount Airy, and the town is believed to have been the basis for Mayberry, the setting of the TV shows The Andy Griffith Show and Mayberry RFD. The community holds an annual "Mayberry Days" celebration during the last weekend of September; 30,000 attended in 2009, and 50,000 were expected for the show's 50th anniversary in 2010. The University of North Carolina at Greensboro estimates the town receives $5 million each year as a result. Surviving members of the cast, along with family members of other cast members, often visit. The 2012 event was slated to have Karen Knotts (Don's daughter) and George Lindsey Jr. (eponymous son of the actor who portrayed Goober).

Three Ford Galaxie police cars, painted to resemble those used on the show, give rides to tourists. A barber shop has been named "Floyd's", and a salvage yard has the name Mayberry.

The Andy Griffith Museum, founded in 2009 by Emmett Forrest, attracts 200 visitors a day. The 2,500-square-feet museum, located half a mile from Griffith's childhood home, houses the world's largest collection of Andy Griffith memorabilia.

Bluegrass and Old-Time music

The home of old-time music legend Tommy Jarrell and country singer Donna Fargo, Mount Airy has a long history with regional music. Mount Airy's WPAQ 740 AM radio is one of the few Bluegrass and Old-Time music stations still operating and has been airing the live radio show Merry-Go-Round from the Downtown Cinema Theatre since 1948. Weekly bluegrass jam sessions at The Andy Griffith Playhouse and the annual Mount Airy Fiddlers Convention also serve to attract old-time musicians from across the region and the world. The Blue Ridge Music Center with its amphitheater and music museum of old-time music is just a few miles away on the Blue Ridge Parkway at Milepost 213, near Galax, Virginia. This area is home to the Round Peak style of old-time music, which started in the Round Peak community, just north of Mount Airy.

Chang and Eng Bunker

Mount Airy was the residence of Chang and Eng Bunker (1811–1874), conjoined twins joined by a band of cartilage at the chest (xiphopagus). They are buried at White Plains Baptist Church about 10 miles from Mt Airy Main street.


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