Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic facts

Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic
Naxçıvan Muxtar Respublikası
Flag Emblem
Location of Nakhchivan in the South Caucasus.
Location of Nakhchivan in the South Caucasus.
Capital
and largest city
Nakhchivan
Official languages Azerbaijani
Government Autonomous republic
 -  Parliamentary Chairman Vasif Talibov
Legislature Supreme Assembly
Autonomy
 -  Establishment of the Nakhchivan ASSR
February 9, 1924 
 -  Nakhchivan
Autonomous Republic

November 17, 1990 
Area
 -  Total 5,500 km2
2,071 sq mi
 -  Water (%) negligible
Population
 -  2011 estimate 414,900
 -  Density 77/km2
199.4/sq mi
HDI (2010) Steady 0.793
high
Currency Azerbaijani manat (AZN)
Time zone EET (UTC+4)
 -  Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+5)

The Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic is a landlocked exclave of Azerbaijan. The region covers 5,500 km². It borders Armenia to the east and north, Iran to the south and west, and Turkey to the northwest.

Nakhchivan has a long history dating back to the Neolithic period. Armenia had the area for a thousand years. Nakhchivan became part of the Safavid dynasty of Persia in the sixteenth century. After the last Russo-Persian War, the Nakhchivan khanate became part of the Russian Empire in 1828. The region has had much bloodshed between Armenians and Azerbaijanis. They both claim the region.

In June 1918, the region came under the Ottomans. Under the Armistice of Mudros, the Ottomans agreed to leave. The British then had control.

In July 1920, Soviets took over the region. This began seventy years of Soviet Rule. In January 1990 Nakhchivan became independent from the USSR. A year later they joined the newly independent Republic of Azerbaijan.

The capital is the city of Nakhchivan.

Raions

Nakhichevan-subdivisions
Subdivisions of Nakhchivan.
Nakhichevan03

Nakhchivan has eight divisions. Seven of these are raions. The capital city is separate.

Map ref. Administrative division Capital Type Area (km²) Population (1 August 2011 estimate) Notes
1 Babek (Babək) Babek Rayon 749,81 66,2 Formerly known as Nakhchivan; renamed after Babak Khorramdin in 1991
2 Julfa (Culfa) Julfa Rayon 1012,75 43,000 Also spelled Jugha or Dzhulfa.
3 Kangarli (Kəngərli) Givraq Rayon 711,86 28,900 Split from Babek in March 2004
4 Nakhchivan City (Naxçıvan Şəhər) Municipality 191,82 85,700 Split from Nakhchivan (Babek) in 1991
5 Ordubad Ordubad Rayon 994,88 46,500 Split from Julfa during Sovietization
6 Sadarak (Sədərək) Heydarabad Rayon 153,49 14,500 Split from Sharur in 1990; de jure includes the Karki exclave in Armenia, which is de facto under Armenian control
7 Shakhbuz (Şahbuz) Shahbuz Rayon 838,04 23,400 Split from Nakhchivan (Babek) during Sovietization Territory roughly corresponds to the Čahuk (Չահւք) district of the historic Syunik region within the Kingdom of Armenia
8 Sharur (Şərur) Sharur Rayon 847,35 106,600 Formerly known as Bash-Norashen during its incorporation into the Soviet Union and Ilyich (after Vladimir Ilyich Lenin) from the post-Sovietization period to 1990
Total 5,500 414,900

Famous people from Nakhchivan

Political leaders

Religious leaders

  • Alexander Jughaetsi (Alexander I of Jugha), Catholicos of All Armenians (1706–1714)
  • Hakob Jughaetsi (Jacob IV of Jugha), Armenian Catholicos (1655–1680)
  • Azaria I Jughaetsi, Armenian Catholicos of the Holy See of Cilicia (1584–1601)

Military leaders

  • Abdurahman Fatalibeyli, Soviet army major who defected to the German forces during World War II
  • Ehsan Khan Nakhchivanski, Russian military general
  • Huseyn Khan Nakhchivanski, Russian cavalry general and the only Muslim to serve as General-Adjutant of the Russian Tsar
  • Ismail Khan Nakhchivanski, Russian military general
  • Kelbali Khan Nakhchivanski, Russian military general
  • Jamshid Khan Nakhchivanski, Soviet and Azerbaijani military general

Writers and poets

  • M.S. Gulubekov, writer
  • Huseyn Javid, poet
  • Jalil Mammadguluzadeh, writer and satirist
  • Ekmouladdin Nakhchivani, medieval literary figure
  • Hindushah Nakhchivani, medieval literary figure
  • Abdurrakhman en-Neshevi, medieval literary figure
  • Mammed Said Ordubadi, writer
  • Heyran Khanum, late medieval poet
  • Elşen Hudiyev, contemporary poet and writer
  • Mammad Araz, poet

Others

  • Vladimir Makogonov, chess International Master and Grandmaster
  • Ajami Nakhchivani, architect and founder of the Nakhchivan school of architecture
  • Gaik Ovakimian, Soviet Armenian spy
  • Ibrahim Safi, Turkish artist
  • Rza Tahmasib, Azerbaijani film director

Images


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