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Newington, New Hampshire
Langdon Library c. 1910
Langdon Library c. 1910
Official seal of Newington, New Hampshire
Location in Rockingham County and the state of New Hampshire.
Location in Rockingham County and the state of New Hampshire.
Coordinates: 43°06′00″N 70°50′01″W / 43.10000°N 70.83361°W / 43.10000; -70.83361Coordinates: 43°06′00″N 70°50′01″W / 43.10000°N 70.83361°W / 43.10000; -70.83361
Country United States
State New Hampshire
County Rockingham
Incorporated 1764
Villages Newington
Newington Station
 • Total 12.5 sq mi (32.3 km2)
 • Land 8.2 sq mi (21.2 km2)
 • Water 4.2 sq mi (11.0 km2)  34.25%
79 ft (24 m)
 • Total 753
 • Density 60.38/sq mi (23.31/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (Eastern)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 603
FIPS code 33-51620
GNIS feature ID 0873680

Newington is a town in Rockingham County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 753 at the 2010 census. It is bounded to the west by Great Bay, northwest by Little Bay and northeast by the Piscataqua River. It is home to Portsmouth International Airport at Pease (formerly Pease Air Force Base), and to the New Hampshire National Guard. The 110-acre (45 ha) Old Town Center Historic District is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.


NewingtonNH sign
State historical marker

Originally a part of Dover, boundary disputes among early river settlers caused this area to be called Bloody Point. By 1640, Trickey's Ferry operated between Bloody Point and Hilton's Point in Dover. In 1712, the meetinghouse was erected and the parish set off, named Newington for an English village, whose residents sent the bell for the meetinghouse. Behind the meetinghouse is a row of horse sheds, once commonplace but now rare. About 1725 the parsonage was built near the Town Forest, considered one of the oldest in the America. The town would be incorporated in 1764 by Colonial Governor Benning Wentworth. In 1794, a bridge was completed across Little Bay from Fox Point in Newington to the south bank of the Bellamy River in Dover, by way of Goat Island—a major engineering feat in its day.

In 1952, the House Armed Services Committee authorized acquiring by eminent domain large tracts to create Pease Air Force Base, which opened on June 30, 1956. Approximately 60% of the installation lay in Newington, including land in the town's center. It would be, however, the first base recommended to be closed by the 1988 Commission on Base Realignment and Closure. Military personnel in 1990 began leaving the base, which officially closed on March 31, 1991. Although the Air National Guard retained some property, the old base has been intensely redeveloped as the Pease International Tradeport, a business park.

In the 1970s and 1980s, commercial development from neighboring Portsmouth spread into Newington. The Newington Mall opened in the 1970s (replaced by the Crossings at Fox Run in the 2000s), followed by the Fox Run Mall.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 12.5 square miles (32.4 km2), of which 8.2 square miles (21.2 km2) is land and 4.2 square miles (10.9 km2) is water, comprising 34.25% of the town. The highest elevation in Newington is 130 feet (40 m) above sea level, near Newington Cemetery.

The town is crossed by U.S. Route 4 and New Hampshire Route 16.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 542
1800 481 −11.3%
1810 508 5.6%
1820 541 6.5%
1830 549 1.5%
1840 543 −1.1%
1850 472 −13.1%
1860 475 0.6%
1870 414 −12.8%
1880 433 4.6%
1890 401 −7.4%
1900 390 −2.7%
1910 296 −24.1%
1920 398 34.5%
1930 381 −4.3%
1940 418 9.7%
1950 494 18.2%
1960 2,499 405.9%
1970 798 −68.1%
1980 716 −10.3%
1990 990 38.3%
2000 775 −21.7%
2010 753 −2.8%
2017 (est.) 789 4.8%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 775 people, 294 households, and 209 families residing in the town. The population density was 92.7 people per square mile (35.8/km2). There were 305 housing units at an average density of 36.5 per square mile (14.1/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 96.00% White, 1.81% African American, 0.26% Native American, 1.03% Asian, and 0.90% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.81% of the population.

There were 294 households, out of which 28.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.5% were married couples living together, 6.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.9% were non-families. 21.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 21.9% under the age of 18, 4.6% from 18 to 24, 28.4% from 25 to 44, 32.1% from 45 to 64, and 12.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.9 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $59,464, and the median income for a family was $76,202. Males had a median income of $48,750 versus $30,250 for females. The per capita income for the town was $30,172. About 5.0% of families and 4.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.8% of those under age 18 and 5.3% of those age 65 or over.


According to the 2016 Auditor's Report, the top businesses in Newington, ranked by assessed value, are:

  • EP Newington Energy (a 575 megawatt electric power plant) now owned by Carlyle Power Partners
  • Eversource Energy (power plant)
  • Fox Run Joint Venture (mall)
  • SBAF Running Fox (mall)

Another local firm, Little Bay Lobster Co., exported about 50,000 pounds of lobster a week to China in early 2018. SubCom produces transoceanic fiber optic cable, which, as it is being produced, is loaded directly onto a cable laying ship docked nearby on the Piscataqua River.

Notable people

  • John Pickering (1737–1805), federal judge, Chief Justice of the New Hampshire Superior Court
  • Louis de Rochemont (1899–1978), filmmaker
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