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Newmarket, New Hampshire
Downtown Newmarket
Downtown Newmarket
Official seal of Newmarket, New Hampshire
Seal
Location in Rockingham County and the state of New Hampshire
Location in Rockingham County and the state of New Hampshire
Coordinates: 43°04′58″N 70°56′06″W / 43.08278°N 70.93500°W / 43.08278; -70.93500Coordinates: 43°04′58″N 70°56′06″W / 43.08278°N 70.93500°W / 43.08278; -70.93500
Country United States
State New Hampshire
County Rockingham
Incorporated 1727
Area
 • Total 14.2 sq mi (36.7 km2)
 • Land 12.5 sq mi (32.5 km2)
 • Water 1.6 sq mi (4.2 km2)  11.43%
Elevation
39 ft (12 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 8,936
 • Density 630.6/sq mi (243.5/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (Eastern)
ZIP code
03857
Area code(s) 603
FIPS code 33-52340
GNIS feature ID 0873683

Newmarket is a town in Rockingham County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 8,936 at the 2010 census. Some residents are students and employees at the nearby University of New Hampshire in Durham.

The primary settlement in town, where 5,297 people resided at the 2010 census, is defined as the Newmarket census-designated place, or CDP, and is located at the junction of New Hampshire routes 108 and 152, along the Lamprey River.

History

Incorporated in 1727, Newmarket is one of six towns granted by Massachusetts in the last year of the reign of King George I. It started as a parish of Exeter, and was granted full town privileges by the legislature in 1737. It was probably named for Newmarket in Suffolk, England. The Lamprey River, running through the town, was named for John Lamprey, an early settler. For a while, the town was called Lampreyville. Newmarket was a center of the New England shipping trade with the West Indies, including importation of sugar and African slaves.

Beginning with the first cotton textile mill in 1823, the Newmarket Manufacturing Company dominated the mill town's waterfront and economy with seven textile mills harnessing water power at the falls. The company had cotton shipped up from the Deep South, so its production was adversely affected by the American Civil War. It built numerous support structures, including multi-family housing for workers. The company built dams upriver to create Pawtuckaway Pond in Nottingham and Mendums Pond in Barrington—during drought, the company could release a regulated flow of water from the dams into the Lamprey to run the works. The company closed in 1929.

Adapted for modern commercial and residential uses, the textile mills are today listed on the National Register of Historic Places. In the 1970s, the mill served as the headquarters of the Timberland Company, during the years when it grew from a small work-boot manufacturer to a leading "urban" fashion brand. (The corporate headquarters are now located in nearby Stratham.)

Once a part of Newmarket, Newfields incorporated as a separate town in 1849.

Antique postcards

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 14.2 square miles (37 km2), of which 12.6 sq mi (33 km2) is land and 1.6 sq mi (4.1 km2) is water, comprising 11.43% of the town. Situated beside Great Bay, Newmarket is drained by the Lamprey River. The town's highest point is the summit of Bald Hill, at 281 feet (86 m) above sea level, near the town's southwest corner. Great Hill, with an elevation of 228 feet (69 m), rises just south of the town center.

The primary settlement, or census-designated place (CDP), within Newmarket has a total area of 2.0 sq mi (5.2 km2), of which 1.9 sq mi (4.9 km2) is land and 0.1 sq mi (0.26 km2) (4.43%) is water.

The town is crossed by New Hampshire Route 108 and New Hampshire Route 152.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 1,137
1800 1,027 −9.7%
1810 1,061 3.3%
1820 1,083 2.1%
1830 2,013 85.9%
1840 2,746 36.4%
1850 1,937 −29.5%
1860 2,034 5.0%
1870 1,987 −2.3%
1880 2,368 19.2%
1890 2,742 15.8%
1900 2,892 5.5%
1910 3,348 15.8%
1920 3,181 −5.0%
1930 2,511 −21.1%
1940 2,640 5.1%
1950 2,709 2.6%
1960 3,153 16.4%
1970 3,361 6.6%
1980 4,290 27.6%
1990 7,157 66.8%
2000 8,027 12.2%
2010 8,936 11.3%
2017 (est.) 9,073 1.5%
U.S. Decennial Census
NewmarketNH TownHall
Newmarket Town Hall

As of the census of 2010, there were 8,936 people, 3,857 households, and 2,219 families residing in the town. There were 4,139 housing units, of which 282, or 6.8%, were vacant. The racial makeup of the town was 92.2% white, 1.0% African American, 0.2% Native American, 4.0% Asian, 0.1% Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander, 0.6% some other race, and 1.9% from two or more races. 2.3% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Of the 3,857 households, 27.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.2% were headed by married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.5% were non-families. 27.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.1% were someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32, and the average family size was 2.86.

In the town, 19.7% of the population were under the age of 18, 13.1% were from 18 to 24, 30.3% from 25 to 44, 27.3% from 45 to 64, and 9.7% were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35.8 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.3 males.

For the period 2011-2015, the estimated median annual income for a household was $62,688, and the median income for a family was $90,703. Male full-time workers had a median income of $48,989 versus $40,428 for females. The per capita income for the town was $32,633. 10.9% of the population and 5.0% of families were below the poverty line. 9.2% of the population under the age of 18 and 5.9% of those 65 or older were living in poverty.

The town of Newmarket has a small, but growing and significant, Laotian and Laotian American population, refugees and their families. Buddhist practitioners among the Laotians attend the Wat Lao Mixarayam Temple in Lowell, Massachusetts.

View of Main Street, Newmarket, NH
Main Street c. 1912

Sites of interest

Infrastructure

Newmarket Fire and Rescue is a combination full-time/volunteer department providing fire and emergency medical services within the town Newmarket Fire and Rescue also provides the neighboring town of Newfields with an ambulance transport service. The department consists of 45 volunteers and two full-time staff. In 2017, staff were awarded a Unit Citation by the New Hampshire Division of Fire Standards and Training and Emergency Medical Services for heroic actions undertaken at a car accident in 2017.

Notable people

Born in Newmarket

  • Charles Branscomb (1822–1891), attorney, co-founder of Lawrence, Kansas
  • Wentworth Cheswell (1746–1817), justice of the peace
  • Tom Gunning (1862–1931), professional baseball catcher during the 1880s
  • Charles W. Hoitt (1847–1925), lawyer, politician, onetime President of the New Hampshire Senate
  • John Scannell (1872–1951), first head coach of what is now the New Hampshire Wildcats football team in Durham
  • Henry Tufts (1748–1831), thief, autobiographer
  • Caroline Marshall Woodward (1828–1890), author, artist

Residents

  • Dennis Abbott (born 1941), member of the New Hampshire House of Representatives
  • John Brodhead (1770–1838), U.S. congressman
  • Liza Corso (b. 2003), American Paralympic middle-distance runner
  • Doreen Howard (b. ), former member of the New Hampshire House of Representatives
  • Lynn Jennings (b. 1960), Olympic bronze medalist runner
  • George W. Kittredge (1805–1881), U.S. congressman
  • Bill Morrissey (1951–2011), folk singer-songwriter
  • Ellen Read (b. ?), member of the New Hampshire House of Representatives
  • William B. Small (1817–1878), U.S. congressman
  • William Weir Stickney (1801–1888), attorney and member of the New Hampshire House of Representatives
  • Chad Young (1995–2017), professional bicycle racer
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