Oliver County, North Dakota facts for kids

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Oliver County, North Dakota
Map

Location in the state of North Dakota
Map of the USA highlighting North Dakota
North Dakota's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded May 18, 1885
Seat Center
Largest City Center
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

731 sq mi (1,893 km²)
723 sq mi (1,873 km²)
8.7 sq mi (23 km²), 1.2%
PopulationEst.
 - (2015)
 - Density

1,846
2.6/sq mi (1/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Oliver County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Dakota. As of the 2010 census, the population was 1,846, making it the fifth-least populous county in North Dakota. Its county seat and only city is Center.

The county was created by the 1885 territorial legislature and was organized on May 18, 1885. It was named for Harry S. Oliver of Lisbon, North Dakota (1855-1909), a Republican politician and member of the Dakota Territory House of Representatives at the time. Sanger (Raymond) was the county seat from 1885 to 1902, when the title went to Center.

Oliver County is included in the Bismarck, ND Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 731 square miles (1,890 km2), of which 723 square miles (1,870 km2) is land and 8.7 square miles (23 km2) (1.2%) is water. It is the fifth-smallest county in North Dakota by area.

Major highways

  • North Dakota 25.svg North Dakota Route 25
  • North Dakota 31.svg North Dakota Route 31
  • North Dakota 48.svg North Dakota Route 48
  • North Dakota 1806.svg North Dakota Route 1806
  • North Dakota 200.svg North Dakota Route 200A

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 464
1900 990 113.4%
1910 3,577 261.3%
1920 4,425 23.7%
1930 4,262 −3.7%
1940 3,859 −9.5%
1950 3,091 −19.9%
1960 2,610 −15.6%
1970 2,322 −11.0%
1980 2,495 7.5%
1990 2,381 −4.6%
2000 2,065 −13.3%
2010 1,846 −10.6%
Est. 2015 1,846 0.0%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2015

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 2,065 people, 791 households, and 604 families residing in the county. The population density was 1/km² (3/sq mi). There were 903 housing units at an average density of 0/km² (1/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 97.58% White, 0.15% Black or African American, 1.26% Native American, 0.10% Asian, and 0.92% from two or more races. 0.63% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 59.2% were of German, 13.6% Norwegian and 6.5% American ancestry.

There were 791 households out of which 35.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 69.20% were married couples living together, 3.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.60% were non-families. 21.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the county, the population was spread out with 27.40% under the age of 18, 4.70% from 18 to 24, 23.50% from 25 to 44, 30.10% from 45 to 64, and 14.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 107.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $36,650, and the median income for a family was $45,430. Males had a median income of $40,577 versus $19,015 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,271. About 11.20% of families and 14.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.60% of those under age 18 and 13.90% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 1,846 people, 756 households, and 554 families residing in the county. The population density was 2.6 inhabitants per square mile (1.0/km2). There were 905 housing units at an average density of 1.3 per square mile (0.50/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 97.3% white, 1.5% American Indian, 0.2% black or African American, 0.2% Asian, 0.2% from other races, and 0.7% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.0% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 66.8% were German, 19.3% were Norwegian, 7.6% were Russian, 6.3% were English, and 4.4% were American.

Of the 756 households, 25.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.5% were married couples living together, 4.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.7% were non-families, and 22.6% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.84. The median age was 47.6 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $62,308 and the median income for a family was $75,069. Males had a median income of $60,592 versus $28,409 for females. The per capita income for the county was $29,348. About 6.5% of families and 9.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.0% of those under age 18 and 19.6% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

City

Unincorporated communities


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